American flag

America after WWI

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    America after WWI

  • Paris Peace Conference

    Paris Peace Conference
    A meeting of the Allied Powers who set the peace terms for the Central Powers.This conference created a series of treaties that changed national borders in Europe and imposed financial penalties on Germany.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    This was one of the peace treaties signed after the end of WWI which ended the state of war between Germany and the Allies.
  • Volstead Act

    The Volstead Act, also known as the National Prohibition Act, was created to carry out the 18th Amendment of prohibition. Although it was vetoed by the president Woodrow Wilson, the Senate overruled it and the Volstead Act became law.
  • League of Nations

    An organization created because of the Paris Peace Conference. The League of Nations wanted to maintain and preserve world peace at all costs.
  • 18th Amendment

    The 18th Amendment prohibited the sale and consumption of alcohol in the United States.
  • Radio broadcasting begins

    In 1920 the first radio broadcast station was created in Detroit. This was revolutionary because it provided a steady media of communication which led to broadcasting across the entire country.
  • 19th Amendment

    The Nineteenth Amendment was ratified due to the women's rights movement in the United States and legalized women's suffrage.
  • Washington Naval Treaty

    Washington Naval Treaty
    A treaty among the countries who were victorious in WWI that agreed to prevent an arms race by limiting naval construction.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    Albert Fall used oil reserves for his own personal benefit when it should have gone to the navy. Eventually the government returned all the oil and sent Fall to jail.
  • Budget and Accounting Act

    This act was created by President Warren G. Harding which provided the nation with a budget system. This act is significant because it established a framework for the federal budget.
  • Sacco-Vanzetti Trial

    The trial involved two Italian men who were convicted for robbery. The court ruled in favor of their execution and the trial was heavily criticized for unjustly executing them due to their anarchist political beliefs.
  • Treaty of Rapallo

    Treaty of Rapallo
    An agreement signed in Rapallo, Italy between Italy and Russia which they both agreed to renounce their financial and territorial claims against the other.
  • Mussolini Becomes Premier of Italy

    Mussolini becomes the Italian premier in an attempt to alleviate conflict between the Fascists and the Communists.
  • France Occupies Ruhr

    France Occupies Ruhr
    A response to the fact that Germany had not yet payed WWI reparations.
  • Adkins v. Children's Hospital

    This case reversed the reasoning of Muller v. Oregon which gave women special protection in the workplace. This portrayed how much of a debate and uncertainty gender equality was at the time.
  • The Beer Hall Putsch

    Adolf Hitler and others lead a group of people in a pointless attempt at rebellion, which causes Hitler to be imprisoned for two years.
  • Vladimir Lenin Dies

    Lenin dies and Leon Trotsky takes control of the Soviet Union.
  • Immigration Act of 1924

    This act put a cap on the amount of immigrants allowed to immigrate to the United States. The cap was set at 2% of a country's population already in the United States.
  • Dawes Plan

    During the occupation of Ruhr, the Dawes Plan was proposed to stop inflation and fix the reparations problem.
  • Calvin Coolidge Elected

    Coolidge became the 30th president and some people give him credit for the Roaring '20s.
  • Locarno Treaties

    These treaties were seven agreements between the Allied Powers and Eastern Europe signed in Locarno, Switzerland to clarify territorial disputes and return to pre-war relations with Germany.
  • Lindbergh Flies Across the Atlantic

    Charles Lindbergh flies from New York City to Paris making this the first nonstop flight across the Atlantic.
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact

    International agreement involving many countries which pledged not to use war to settle disputes.
  • Act of 1929

    This act changed the Immigration Act of 1924 by cutting the amount of immigrants being allowed into the United States in half.
  • Young Plan

    A settlement pertaining to German reparations. Realizing the reparations set in place were too high and that Germany would not be able to pay them, the plan counteracted the Dawes Plan. The Young Plan reduced payments to $8 billion to be paid within 59 years.
  • Stock Market Crash

    The stock market crashed on Wall Street, ending the economically prosperous Roaring '20s. This led to the Great Depression and was the worst stock market crash in American history.
  • Hawley-Smoot Tariff

    This tariff raised the prices on all foreign goods making it practically impossible for Americans to buy anything foreign. It further hurt the national economy and diminished international trade.
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    Dust Bowl

    Dust storms occurred all over areas of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Colorado. This ruined crops and farms and consequently the entire nation suffered.
  • Japan invades Manchuria

    The Empire of Japan invaded Manchuria and created its own state called Manchukuo. The Japanese occupation of Manchuria lasted until the end of WWII.
  • Federal Emergency Relief Administration

    The FERA was created by Hoover and strived to alleviate household unemployment by creating many unskilled jobs.
  • Bonus Army March

    Some men who fought in WWI were promised a bonus but when the Great Depression happened, they didn't get it. In protest, they marched to Washington D.C. and Hoover made them leave.
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act

    The AAA was a program created by the New Deal which paid farmers not to overplant crops.
  • The First Hundred Days

    In order to prove to Americans that Roosevelt could effectively alleviate the Depression, he experimented with different methods in the first hundred days of his presidency.
  • Civilian Conservation Corps

    This program was part of the New Deal and was created to help men recover after the Depression ended.
  • Hitler rises to power

    Hitler rises to power
    Hitler joined the German Workers' Party and also wrote a very successful book called Mein Kampf. This involvement made him famous in Germany and led him to dictate Nazi Germany.
  • Germany Passes the Enabling Act

    The Enabling Act gives Hitler the power to issue decrees with the status of law.
  • Tennessee Valley Authority

    The TVA was put in place to help people living in the Tennessee Valley by constructing dams and planting trees.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    The FDIC was created to encourage Americans to put their money back in banks. Americans were uneasy about doing so because of the recent Depression, but the FDIC insured money deposited in banks, alleviating the fear.
  • 21st Amendment

    The 21st Amendment repealed the 18th amendment, legalizing the use and sale of alcohol once again. Prohibiting alcohol turned out to be detrimental to the economy and linked to crime.
  • Gold Reserve Act

    This act outlawed most private ownership of gold making the sole source of currency come from the government.
  • Frazier-Lemke Act

    This act restricted the ability of banks to repossess farms.
  • Resettlement Administration

    This was part of the New Deal and this administration relocated impoverished families to goverment-planned communities.
  • Works Progress Administration

    This program was part of the New Deal and employed many people, ultimately improving America's infrastructure.
  • Wagner Act

    This act gives employees the right to organize into unions and take part in collective bargaining.
  • Social Security Act

    Social Security gave insurance to anyone injured while working. It also financially aided the disabled and impoverished people of America. However, at first this act didn't protect farmers or African-Americans.
  • Italy invades Ethiopia

    Italy invaded Ethiopia for access to the Red Sea and also to keep up with other European countries who had already colonized other parts of Africa.
  • Hitler reoccupies Rhineland

    The German Army remilitarizes the Rhineland and this is significant because it violated the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Treaties.
  • The Munich Pact

    The pact is signed by Britain and France which gives Hitler control of the Czech Sudetenland.
  • Reorganization Act

    This act gave the President the authority to reorganize the executive branch which is significant because it was the first major reorganization since 1787.
  • Hatch Act

    This act prohiited employees in the executive branch to take part in any political activities that seemed biased.
  • WWII Begins

    World War II began which involved most major countries in the world and forever changed the political, economic, and social climates.