• Period: to

    Thomas Hobbes

    Religion should be separated from politics.
  • Period: to

    John Locke

    Natural rights, limited power to the king, social contract between government and people, and freedom of religion.
  • Period: to

    Baron de Montesquieu

    The government should be broken into three branches, one branch controlls the other, separation of power: checks and balances.
  • British Bill of Rights

  • Period: to


    All things must be explained logically and reasonably; fought against intolerance, tyranny, and superstition; freedom of thought; respect for all individuals, against all religion that was too strict and did not respect the view of others.
  • Period: to

    Benjamin Franklin

    Single legislature with an advisory branch, slavery was morally wrong and should be abolished.
  • Period: to

    Jean Jecques Rousseau

    Individual rights, individual freedoms, majority rule.
  • Period: to

    Adam Smith

    Individual freedom, modern economics, and charity was a virtuous act but society should not depend on it.
  • Period: to

    Cesare Beccaria

    Death penalty and torture are wrong, education reduces crime rates, right to a fair speedy trial, and punishment should fit the crime for all.
  • Period: to

    Thomas Jefferson

    Individual's freedom and rights should be protected by the government, everyone should have the opportunity of education, and didn't want a government with too much power.
  • Period: to

    Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla

    Freeing Mexico from the harsh rule of foreigners, marched through the streets of Mexico, was captured and shot, and fought for Mexican independence.
  • Period: to

    Mary Wallstonecraft

    Women's rights, inequalities in education, equal treatment of all human beings, pople should be judged on individual merit and moral virtue, and wives are equals, not property.
  • Tarring and Feathering

    Originated in the Middle Ages. Brought into popularity in the 1760s as a way to humiliate loyalists who were considered traitors.
  • Seven Years War Peace treaty between Great Britain and France

  • Quartering Act

    Forced colonial officials and citizens provide room and board for British soldiers.
  • Stamp Acts passed by British Parliament

  • Repeal of Stamp Act

  • Townsend Act, new revenue taxes on North American colonists

  • Riots in Boston met with violence by British troops

  • Boston Tea Party

  • Boston Tea Party

    Britain's East India Trading Company was selling tea extremely inexpensive tea, so the British government put a tax on tea because it was still cheaper than it's regular price. The patriots rebeled, dressing as Mohawk indians and boarfing the ship. They dumped hundreds of crates of tea into the harbor.
  • Government Act

    Gave British government total control over Massachusetts government, town meetings, etc.
  • Administration of Justice Act

    British officials could not be tried in a colonial court, basically making them exempt from punishment of any crimes.
  • Quebec Act

    Cut off western colonies by extending Canadian border.
  • Boston Port Bill

    Boston Harbor was closed until the loss from the Boston Tea Party was paid for
  • First Continental Congress

    Gathering of delegates from 12 of the 13 colonies to discuss grievances of British rule and how to remedy them.
  • First Continental Congress

  • Paul Revere's Ride

    Paul Revere rode to Lexington, Massachusetts to warn the Sons of Liberty there that British troops were coming to arrest them.
  • Battle of Lexington

    The first shots of the Revolutionary War were fired at Lexington. British Troops were marching to confiscate arms amased by Americand and arrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock..
  • Second Continental Congress

    Delegates met and justified their participation in the war, discussed it's finances, and began to assemble ideas on military action.
  • Thomas Paine's Common Sense

    This was a political pamphlet written by Thomas Paine. It was so powerfully written that every one was inspired to take part in and support the revolution. It gained the support of the majority of the population of the colony.
  • Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence was a letter sent to King George declaring that all the colonies were free from English rule. This essentially marked the beginning of the war and of the colonial dedication to it.
  • Declaration of Independenc

  • American and French representatives sign two treaties in Paris: a Treaty of Amity and Commerce and a Treaty of Alliance.

  • Period: to

    Simon Bolivar

    Strong central government, three branches, power not divided is too strong, and people should not vote until they are educated.
  • Ratification of Constitution of the United States of America

  • Estates General convened for the first time in years in France, Storming of the Bastille, prison (and armory) in Paris

  • National Constituent Assembly and French Declaration of the Rights of Man

  • Beheading of King Louis XVI

  • Slave rebellion in Saint Domingue

  • U.S. Bill of Rights ratified by states

  • French National Assembly gives citizenship to all free people of color in the colony of Saint Domingue.

  • France declares war on Austria

  • France declares war on Great Britain (BR/FR)

  • All slaves on Saint Domingue emancipated by the French revolutionary authorities to join the French army and fight against the British

  • Toussaint leads troops against the British

  • French colonial forces defeated by Toussaint

  • French colonial forces defeated by Toussaint

  • Toussaint negotiates peace with the British

  • Toussaint negotiates peace with the British

  • War ends between Great Britain and France

  • Constitution for Haiti

  • General Leclerc sent by Napoleon to subdue colony and re-institute slavery

  • New declaration of war between Great Britain and France

  • French withdraw troops; Haitians declare independence

  • Napoleon crowns himself emperor of France

  • Jean-Jacques Dessalines crowns himself emperor of Haiti

  • British end the slave trade

  • Declarations of self-government in most Latin American colonies

  • French expelled from Spain.

  • Napoleon defeated and French empire reduced in Europe to France alone

  • French abolish slave trade

  • U.S. President Monroe declares doctrine against European interference with the new republics in the Americas, known as the Monroe Doctrine.