Foundations of Democracy

  • Sep 30, 1066

    Parliament Established

    Parliament Established
    It's the legislature of the Kingdom of England. After that more parlaments were established.
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta Signed

    Magna Carta Signed
    Magna Carta is the most famous document of English constitutional history. It established that the King was not above the law and holds the king accountable to the law. It was the first document to set forth written guarantees of rights of citizens.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to

    Iroquois Confederation

    A Native American confederacy inhabiting New York State made up of 5 tribes, known as the Five Nations. The structure of the Iroquois Confederacy inspired the American Colonists' development of the U.S. government.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to

    Seperation of Powers

    The political doctrine according to which the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government are kept distinct in order to prevent abuse of power. First developed in ancient Greece and is in used to this day.
  • Period: to

    Colonial Legislatures

    Americans were simply copying the governmental structure they lived under in England. The colonial legislatures were modeled on the English Parliament.
  • Mayflower Compact Signed

    Mayflower Compact Signed
    It was the first democratic document was written in America,It declared the pilgrims to be their own democratic common wealth. Written by William Bradford and the colonists it influenced the founding fathers because its the first example of many colonial plans for self government.
  • John Locke- Two Treastieses of Government

    John Locke- Two Treastieses of Government
    Two Treatises was first published, anonymously and John was unhappy with the edition so he republishing it. It is about the need for limiting government and maintaining liberty. It had a big influence on the founding fathers.
  • New England Confederation Approved

    New England Confederation Approved
    A political and military alliance of the English colonies of Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven. its purpose was to unite the Puritan colonies against the Native Americans.
  • Thomas Hobbes - Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes - Leviathan
    A book that concerns the structure of society and legitimate government. It has a major impact on modern political philosophy because scholars frequently depict him as an advocate for a government with unlimited power.
  • English Bill of Rights Established

    English Bill of Rights Established
    The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution. The Bill of Rights is a series of limitations on the power of the United States Federal government. It impacted the U.S because many of its provisions becoming part of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights.
  • Period: to

    Enlightenment

    The era in Western philosophy and intellectual, scientific, and cultural life, A variety of 19th-century movements, including liberalism and neo-classicism were influenced.
  • Baron De Montesque- On The Spirit of Laws

    Baron De Montesque- On The Spirit of Laws
    Its a treatise on political theory covering a wide range of topics in politics, the law, sociology, and anthropology and providing more than 3,000 citations. Montesquieu's political treatise had an enormous influence on the work of the U.S Constitution.
  • Adopted Albany Plan of Union

    Adopted Albany Plan of Union
    It was an early attempt at forming a union of the colonies. The plan would create new layers of government. The Albany Plan of Union was used to help write the Articles of Confederation.
  • Jean Jaque Roousseau-The Social Contract

    Jean Jaque Roousseau-The Social Contract
  • First Continetial Congress Meets

    First Continetial Congress Meets
    A convention of delegates from twelve of the thirteen North American colonies. They talked about an economic boycott of British trade;Future Meeting and Declaration of Rights and Grievances.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    A convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies. A reconvening of the First Continental Congress. Articles of Confederation were signed by delegates of Maryland at a meeting of the Second Continental Congress
  • Declaration of Independence Signed

    Declaration of Independence Signed
    A statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the 13 American colonies were now independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire. The impact was that we are now a free country.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    It's goal of many of its key proponents was to replace the Articles of Confederation and create a strong federal government. George Washington was unanimously elected president of the convention. It is now the supreme law of the United States.
  • Period: to

    Ratification of The Constitution

  • Written Constitutions

    Written Constitutions
    A constitution is basically the rules by which the democratic system of the nation state is run. The British constitution and american constitution are examples.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    A series of limitations on the power of the United States Federal government. The Bill guarantees free speech, free press, free assembly and association. The effect i s that it protects the individual rights of the people in the U.S