German engineer Werner von Siemens designed the first practical passenger train to use electricity. Electric trains did not rely on a coal supply and were cleaner and easier to run. However in the early days it was hard to arrange a reliable supply of electricity to power locomotives over long distances.
Evolution Of Electric Trains
The First Working Electric Street Railway
1888 Frank Sprague installs the "trolleypole" trolley system in Richmond, Virginia, making it the first working electric street railway.
First Electric London Underground Railway
1890 First electric London Underground railway (subway) opened in London—all other subway systems soon followed suit.
First Electrified Railways Opens In Kyoto
1895 Japan's first electrified railway opens in Kyoto.
Tokyos First Electric Railway Opens
1899 Tokyo's first electric railway, the predecessor to Keihin Electric Express Railway opens.
First Major Stretch Of Electrified Railway
1915 First major stretch of electrified railway in Sweden; Kiruna-Riksgränsen (Malmbanan).
Bullet Train Service Introduced In Japan
1964 Bullet Train service introduced in Japan, between Tokyo and Osaka. Trains average speeds of 160 km/h (100 mph) due to congested shared urban tracks, with top speeds of 210 km/h.
British Rail's Advanced Passenger Train Achieves 245 km/h
1975 British Rail's Advanced Passenger Train achieves 245 km/h (152.3 mph) on 10th. August.
High speed TGV Trains Introduced In France
1979 High speed TGV trains introduced in France, TGV trains travel at an average speed of 213 km/h (132 mph). and with a top speed of 300 km/h (186 mph).
Amtrak Introduces The Acela Express
2000 Amtrak introduces the Acela Express on the Northeast Corridor in the United States
Maglev (derived from magnetic levitation), Reaches Speed Of 581 kph
Maglev (derived from magnetic levitation),This method has the potential to be faster, quieter and smoother than wheeled mass transit systems.highest recorded speed of a Maglev train is 581 kilometres per hour
High speed trains travelling at 350 km/h is introduced in Spain.
2007 High speed trains travelling at 350 km/h (217 mph) is introduced in Spain.
France's TGV Beat Its Original World Record 574.8 kp/h
2007 Heavily modified trainset of France's TGV had beaten its original world record when it travelled from Metz- Reims at a speed of 574.8 kilometres per hour (357.2 mph).