saudi arabiaSaudi Arabia joined the invasion of Israel.
KuwaitThe Kuwait Investment Authority (KIA) was founded as the world’s first sovereign wealth
fund. In 2008 its assets were estimated at $200 billion.
OPEC formedIraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela formed OPEC. Fuad Rouhani (1907-2004) of
Iran served as its 1st secretary-general. In 1964 he was succeeded by Abdul Rahman Bazzaz
KuwaitKuwait regained complete independence from Britain along with Qatar, Bahrain
KuwaitA Kuwaiti vote opposed Iraq’s annexation plans.
kuwaitKuwait passed a law requiring women to get their husband's signature to obtain a passport.
Kuwaitselect few were eligible to vote. Power rested with the royal family.
saudi arabiaKing Faisal bin Abd al-Aziz defied Islamist opposition and introduced women’s
education and television. There were 70 female university students in Saudi Arabia.
In 2001 the number reached 200,000, 54% of the student population.
United Arab EmiratesSheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (d.2004) became the ruler of Abu Dhabi. In 1971
he founded the United Arab Emirates.
United Arab EmiratesThe United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan recognized the Taliban
after they seized the Afghan capital Kabul. All three countries cut ties with the Taliban
after it sheltered al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden following the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks
on the US.
saudi arabiaThree bombs, one a car bomb, went off in the Saudi seaport town of Jidda.
One outside the US Embassy, one at Grove Int'l, an American construction comp., and
one at the US Military Training Mission.
KuwaitOPEC, the Arab oil-producing nations, announced they would begin cutting back on oil
exports to Western nations and Japan. The next day, the five Arab members of the OPEC
committee were joined in Kuwait by the oil ministers of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Libya,
and Syria. The result was a total embargo that lasted until March 1974 and caused oil prices to
saudi arabia, Arab oil-producing nations announced they would begin cutting back on oil
exports to Western nations and Japan; the result was a total embargo that lasted until
saudi arabiaKing Faisal of Saudi Arabia was shot to death by a nephew with a history of mental illness.
The nephew was beheaded the following June
saudi arabiaFaisal Ibn Mussed Abdul Aziz, Saudi prince, was beheaded in a Riyadh shopping center
parking lot for killing his uncle the
Saudi ArabiaPrince Fahd of Saudi Arabia proposed an 8-point peace
plan to end the Arab-Israeli conflict. It was adopted by the Arab
League after some controversy.
United Arab EmiratesSheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (1918-2004), United Arab Emirates President, urged in
5 other Arab monarchies (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia) to form the
Gulf Cooperation Council. The unified economic agreement between the countries of the
Gulf Cooperation Council was signed on 11 November 1981 in Riyadh.
Saudi arabiaKing Khalid of Saudi Arabia died at the age of 69; he was
succeeded by a half brother, Crown Prince Fahd.
United Arab EmiratesThe UAE announced that it would buy 80 F-16s from the US for about $7 billion.
KuwaitA cease-fire was declared between Iraq and Iran. Iraq re-asserted its claim to Kuwait.
KuwaitOn the first day of Operation Desert Storm, US-led forces hammered Iraqi targets in an
effort to drive Iraq out of Kuwait. A defiant Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declared that the
“mother of all battles” had begun. Iraq attacked Israel with ten Scud missiles. The
US Patriot defense missile was used in battle for the first time to shoot down a
Scud fired at Saudi Arabia.
kuwaitIraq invaded Kuwait, seizing control of the oil-rich emirate.
The day came to be known in Kuwait as “Black Thursday.” 330 Kuwaitis died during
the occupation and war. Sadam Hussein, leader of Iraq, took over Kuwait. G. Bush led
an inter-national coalition for sanctions and a demand for withdrawal. The Iraqis were
later driven out in Operation Desert Storm.
Saudi ArabiaAs the Persian Gulf crisis deepened, American forces began taking up
positions in Saudi Arabia; Iraq announced it had annexed Kuwait as its
19th province; President Bush warned Iraqi President Saddam Hussein that
"a line has been drawn in the sand."
kuwaitAt the start of a three-day conference in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, the crown
prince of Kuwait promised greater democracy for the emirate if it were freed from
kuwaitIraq ended curfew in occupied Kuwait, but began calling up army reservists in their thirties.
kuwaitHundreds of foreigners flew out of Iraq and Iraqi-occupied Kuwait,
ending four months of captivity following Iraq’s invasion of its oil-rich neighbor.
Saudi arabiaFrench forces unofficially started the Persian Gulf ground war by
crossing the Saudi-Iraqi border. Lessons learned in the savage 1972
Eastertide Offensive paid off at the Battle of Khafji in the Gulf War almost
two decades later.
United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabiarecognized the Taliban after they seized the Afghan capital Kabul.
All three countries cut ties with the Taliban after it sheltered al-Qaida leader
Osama bin Laden following the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks on the US.
United Arab EmiratesThe UAE signed a $6.4 billion contract to buy 80 Lockheed Martin F-16 fighter jets.
Kuwait, saudi arabia, United arab EmiratesSix Persian Gulf nations (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and
the United Arab Emirates) signed a regional defense pact.
Unite Arab EmiratesThe United Arab Emirates (UAE) cut relations with Afghanistan’s Taliban government.
Saudi arabia, united arab emirates and kuwaitThe 6-member Persian “Gulf Cooperation Council” (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar,
Saudi Arabia, UAE) met in Jidda and pledged support for an int’l. Coalition against terrorism.
United Arab EmiratesThe United Arab Emirates called for Saddam Hussein to step down, the first Arab country
to do so publicly.
United Arab emirates and kuwaitThe United Arab Emirates won support from Kuwait and Bahrain in its call for
Saddam Hussein to quit power to avert a war.
saudi ArabiaIn Saudi Arabia women until this year were legally
required to conduct business through a male agent.
kuwaitIn Kuwait lawmakers agreed to permit women to vote and run in local
council elections, although the measure requires more legislative action before it
Saudi ArabiaThe Saudi government ordered a Jiddah chamber of commerce to allow female
voters and candidates.
kuwaitKuwaiti women voted and ran as candidates for the first time in a municipal election
in the conservative country's capital, but initial reports indicated not many women
were casting ballots.
kuwaitKuwait’s top investment bank, Global Investment House, said it had defaulted on most of
its $3 billion in debt, raising concerns that other Arab Gulf financial firms may follow
as the global financial crises spreads through the region.
kuwaitKuwait's highest court ruled that women lawmakers are not obliged by law to
wear the headscarf, a blow to Muslim fundamentalists who want to fully
impose Islamic Sharia law in this small oil-rich state.
United Arab EmiratesDubai inaugurated the world's tallest skyscraper, the Burj Khalifa, hoping to shift international attention away from the Gulf emirate's deep financial crisis and rekindle the optimism that fueled its turbocharged growth. The name was secretly switched from Burj Dubai and unveiled to the public as the Burj Khalifa, after the emir of Abu Dhabi and UAE president Sheik Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia, the world's top oil exporter, has arrested scores of suspected militants accused of plotting attacks on oil and other installations in the kingdom, Saudi media reported on Wednesday
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia says it has arrested about 50 Saudis and dozens of Yemenis suspected of plotting attacks on oil facilities.