Brief History of Scotland

  • Apr 5, 1296

    Edward I of England

    Edward I of England
    Edward I takes the Stone of Scone (or the Stone of Destiny) to England.
  • Aug 23, 1297

    William Wallace

    William Wallace
    Sir William Wallace was a Scottish knight and landowner who is known for leading a resistance during the Wars of Scottish Independence and is today remembered in Scotland as a patriot and national hero.Along with Andrew Moray, he defeated an English army at the Battle of Stirling Bridge, and became Guardian of Scotland, serving until his defeat at the Battle of Falkirk.
  • Jun 24, 1314

    Battle of Bannockburn

    Battle of Bannockburn
    The Battle of Bannockburn was a significant Scottish victory in the Wars of Scottish Independence. It was the decisive battle in the First War of Scottish Independence and Robert the Bruce defeats the English.
  • Feb 22, 1326

    Scottish parliament

    Scottish parliament
    Scottish Parliament meets for the first time.
  • Feb 22, 1513

    Edinburgh becomes the capital

    Edinburgh becomes the capital
    Under the strong leadership of James IV, Edinburgh becomes the capital of Scotland.
  • Dec 8, 1542

    Mary Queen of Scots'

    Mary Queen of Scots'
    Mary I (known as Mary, Queen of Scots; Mary Stuart; and in France as Marie Stuart) was Queen of Scotland from 1542 to1567. She was the only surviving legitimate child of King James V. She was six days old when her father died and was crowned nine months later. At the end, Elizabeth I orders the execution of Mary Queen of Scots in 1587
  • James VI and I

    James VI and I
    James VI of Scotland becomes King of Scotland and England as James I of England and moves to London.
  • Union of Parliaments of England and Scotland

    Union of Parliaments of England and Scotland
    The Act of Union in 1707 merged the English Parliament with the Parliament of Scotland to form the Parliament of Great Britain. When the Parliament of Ireland was abolished in 1801, its former members were merged into what was now called the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
  • Bonnie Prince Charlie

    Bonnie Prince Charlie
    Prince Charles Edward Stuart was the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of Great Britain and Ireland. He is commonly known to the English and the Scottish as Bonnie Prince Charlie. In 1745, he makes a bid for the throne but is defeaed at the Battle of Culloden and becomes a wanted man with a price on his head.
  • Balmoral Castle

    Balmoral Castle
    Queen Victoria moves into Balmoral Castle, bringing the Highland into popular faashion as the place to visit on holiday.
  • Stone of Destiny returs

    Stone of Destiny returs
    The Stone of Scone, also commonly known as the Stone of Destiny or the Coronation Stone is an oblong block of red sandstone, used for centuries in the coronation of the monarchs of Scotland, the monarchs of England, and, more recently, British monarchs. Historically, the artifact was kept at the now-ruined Scone Abbey in Scone, near Perth, Scotland. In 1996, it returned to Scotland and now it is in Edinburgh Castle.
  • Scottish Parliament

    Scottish Parliament
    [ Scotland's parliament](http:/ restablished. The UK Parliament retains the ability to amend the terms of reference of the Scottish Parliament, and can extend or reduce the areas in which it can make laws.The first meeting of the new Parliament took place on 12 May 1999.