Period: 400 to
Rome/Cincinnatus 460 b.c.460 and 438 B.C.Civic Virtue
he said that if you give up some of your rights that the government has to protect your rights.
REPUBLICISM- the people exercise their power by voting for their politicalrepresentitives
limited government- also related to the " rule of law "
Checks and balances- each branch of government can excercise checks, or controls, over other branches
John LockeNatural Rights- life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Social Compact- the social contract
Job of the Gov- if you give up some of your rights the government has to protect your rights
State of Nature- imaginary situation people living in a society without government and laws
MontisquieuRepublican Forms of Government
powers should be Seperated and Balaced
CHECKS AND BALANCES
He said that the best republican form of government has to parts,"Powers should be seperated" and " Powers should be balanced"
SEPERATION OF POWERS- the seperation of basic government roles into 3 branches
Problems With the ArticlesUnder the Articles of Confederation, the states had the most power. The states had the power to taxes and enforce all the laws. The congress had the power to wage wars, make peace, sign treaties and mint(make) money.
Articles of ConfederationThe Articles of Confederation gave most power to the congress.
They also gave some powers to the states.
-Enforce All Laws
States had the most power.
Philadelphia ConventionVirginia Plan...
-Supported By Larger States
-Proportional Representation(by population)
New Jersey Plan...
-Supported By Smaller States
Arguments Over Constitutional InterpretationHamilton's Veiws-
~Believed in "loose" interpretation of the constitution
~Allowed congress a lot of power to run the gov.
~Believed in a strong national gov.
ConstitutionThere are 3 branches of government~Legislative,Executive, and Judical.The legislative brach had the cogress,which contains two houses~ the House of Representatives and the Senate. The legislative branch makes the laws. In the Executive branch is the President and the Vice President. The executive branch enforces the laws. Finally is the Judical Branch. In the judical branch is the Supreme Court and the interpret laws.
Constitutional GovernmentA constitutional government is a state where the head of state and other officials are elected as representatives of the people, and must govern according to existing constitutional law that limits the government's power over citizens.
popular sovereignty- a governmet in which people rule
Ratification ProcessThe ratification process started when the Congress turned the Constitution over to the state legislatures for consideration through specially elected state conventions of the people.
Washington's PresidencyWashington was the first president of the United States. He appointed cabinets to help him.Washington also had problems to deal with. These problems were $52 million dollars in debt,Hamiltons 3 part plan, and create a National Bank.
Foreign AffairsThese foreign affairs included~French and English War,Staying Neutral, and Navigation of the Mississippi River.
Staying Neutral was when England was seizing American Trade Ships and Jay's Treaty signed by Britain. During the Navigation of the Mississippi River Pinkney's Treaty was signed by Spain.
Domestic IssuesDebt=$52 Million
-Alexander Hamilton's 3 part plan-Pay Debt,raise revenue,and create a national bank
Securing the Northwest Territory
First Political PartiesThere was two groups~ The Federalists and The Democratic~Republicans. The Federalists followed Hamilton's piont of view and the Democratic-Republicans followed Jefferson's piont of view.