Influences On US Government!!

  • Period: 400 to


  • 460

    Rome/Cincinnatus 460 b.c.

    Rome/Cincinnatus 460 b.c.
    460 and 438 B.C.Civic Virtue
    he said that if you give up some of your rights that the government has to protect your rights.
    REPUBLICISM- the people exercise their power by voting for their politicalrepresentitives
    limited government- also related to the " rule of law "
    Checks and balances- each branch of government can excercise checks, or controls, over other branches
  • John Locke

    John Locke
    Natural Rights- life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
    Social Compact- the social contract
    Job of the Gov- if you give up some of your rights the government has to protect your rights
    State of Nature- imaginary situation people living in a society without government and laws
  • Montisquieu

    Republican Forms of Government
    powers should be Seperated and Balaced
    French Philosopher
    He said that the best republican form of government has to parts,"Powers should be seperated" and " Powers should be balanced"
    SEPERATION OF POWERS- the seperation of basic government roles into 3 branches
  • Problems With the Articles

    Problems With the Articles
    Under the Articles of Confederation, the states had the most power. The states had the power to taxes and enforce all the laws. The congress had the power to wage wars, make peace, sign treaties and mint(make) money.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    The Articles of Confederation gave most power to the congress.
    -Wage Wars
    -Make Peace
    -Sign Treaties
    -Mint Money
    They also gave some powers to the states.
    -Enforce All Laws
    States had the most power.
  • Philadelphia Convention

    Philadelphia Convention
    Virginia Plan...
    -Supported By Larger States
    -2 Houses
    -Proportional Representation(by population)
    New Jersey Plan...
    -Supported By Smaller States
    -One House
    -Equal Representation
  • Arguments Over Constitutional Interpretation

    Arguments Over Constitutional Interpretation
    Hamilton's Veiws-
    ~Believed in "loose" interpretation of the constitution
    ~Allowed congress a lot of power to run the gov.
    ~Believed in a strong national gov.
  • Constitution

    There are 3 branches of government~Legislative,Executive, and Judical.The legislative brach had the cogress,which contains two houses~ the House of Representatives and the Senate. The legislative branch makes the laws. In the Executive branch is the President and the Vice President. The executive branch enforces the laws. Finally is the Judical Branch. In the judical branch is the Supreme Court and the interpret laws.
  • Constitutional Government

    Constitutional Government
    A constitutional government is a state where the head of state and other officials are elected as representatives of the people, and must govern according to existing constitutional law that limits the government's power over citizens.
    popular sovereignty- a governmet in which people rule
  • Ratification Process

    Ratification Process
    The ratification process started when the Congress turned the Constitution over to the state legislatures for consideration through specially elected state conventions of the people.
  • Washington's Presidency

    Washington's Presidency
    Washington was the first president of the United States. He appointed cabinets to help him.Washington also had problems to deal with. These problems were $52 million dollars in debt,Hamiltons 3 part plan, and create a National Bank.
  • Foreign Affairs

    Foreign Affairs
    These foreign affairs included~French and English War,Staying Neutral, and Navigation of the Mississippi River.
    Staying Neutral was when England was seizing American Trade Ships and Jay's Treaty signed by Britain. During the Navigation of the Mississippi River Pinkney's Treaty was signed by Spain.
  • Domestic Issues

    Domestic Issues
    Debt=$52 Million
    -Alexander Hamilton's 3 part plan-Pay Debt,raise revenue,and create a national bank
    Differing Interpretations
    Securing the Northwest Territory
  • First Political Parties

    First Political Parties
    There was two groups~ The Federalists and The Democratic~Republicans. The Federalists followed Hamilton's piont of view and the Democratic-Republicans followed Jefferson's piont of view.