The American Civil War Battles 1861-1865

  • Fort Summer Attacked

    Fort Summer Attacked
    The civil war begins! At 4:30 a.m. The Confederates under General Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. Source: The picture shows Fort Sumter after its capture,
  • The First Bull Run

    The First Bull Run
    The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as the First Battle of Manassas. It was the first major land battle of the American Civil War. President Lincoln realizes the war will be long. "It's damned bad," he comments. Irwin McDowell for the union and Joseph E. Johnston,
    P.G.T. Beauregard for the Confederacy there was a total of 4,878 Casualties and losses Source:
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    The Second Battle of Bull Run, or, as it was called by the Confederacy, the Battle of Second Manassas, took place Northern Virginia. It was a Confederacy victory. The Union was commanded by John Pope and the Confederacy by Robert E. Lee there was a total of 18,300 killed and wounded. Source:
  • Antietam

    The bloodiest day in U.S. military history. Robert E. Lee (the general) and the Confederate Armies are stopped at Antietam by McClellan and superior Union forces. By night 26,000 men are dead and wounded Lee withdraws to Virginia. Source: The picture shows Confederate dead by the fence in Antietam where rifle and artillery fire cut every corn stalk to the ground "as closely as could have been done with a knife."
  • Fredericksburg

    The Battle of Fredericksburg commanded by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside is considered to be one of the worst commanded battles in the civil war. It is also remembered to be the most one-sided battles of the American Civil War. "We might as well have tried to take hell," a Union soldier remarks. Estimatated 18,000 killed and wounded. Source:
  • Chancellorsville

    This battle is considered the the top best commanded battle. It was commanded by Gen. E Lee and Joseph Hooker. It is also known as Lee's "perfect battle" because of his successful division of his army in the presence of a much bigger force. "I just lost confidence in Joe Hooker," said Hooker later about his own lack of nerve during the battle. A total of 30,500 were killed and wounded on both sides. Source:
  • Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg was the most famous and most important Civil War Battle it was fought as part of the Gettysburg Campaign, it was the battle with the largest number of casualties during the whole Civil War (165,620 killed and wounded) and is described as the war's turning point.
    The Gettysberg adress followed "...government of the People, by the People, for the People". President Lincoln Source:
  • Chickamauga

    The Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863, It marked the end of a Union offensive betweenTennessee and Georgia called the Chickamauga Campaign. The battle was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. The Confederate victory by Gen. Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee at Chickamauga left Gen. William S. Rosecrans' Union Army of the Cumberland trapped in Chattanooga, Tennessee under Confederate siege. Source:
  • Chattanooga

    One of the most dramatic moments of the war occurs. Yelling "Chickamauga! Chickamauga!" Union troops avenge their previous defeat at Chickamauga by storming up the face of Missionary Ridge without orders and sweep the Rebels from what had been though to be an impregnable position. "My God, come and see 'em run!" a Union soldier cries.
    12,485 total casualties Source:
  • Cold Harbor

    Cold Harbor
    The Battle of Cold Harbor was the final battle of Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign during the American Civil War. It is remembered as one of American history's bloodiest, most lopsided battles because of a costly mistake by Grant that caused 7,000 Union casualties in twenty minutes. Source: Picture of General Ulysses S. Grant at Cold Harbor,
  • Lee Surrenders

    Lee Surrenders
    Most consider Lee's surrender on April 9, 1865 the end of the war, technically, there were still Confederate Forces in the field until June. Confederate General Stand Watie surrendered on June 23, 1865 that was when the last major fighting occurred. The picture shows where the armies where when Lee surrenderd.
  • THE END!

    THE END!
    Remaining Confederate forces surrender. The Nation reunited as the Civil War ended! Over 620,000 Americans died in the war, disease killing twice as many as those lost in battle. 50,000 survivors return home as amputees. Source: The picture shows a victory parade!