20th century history

By JJOO
  • The Triple Alliance

    The Triple Alliance
    Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy formed the Triple Alliance. This is an example of the Alliance system which was a precursor to WW1. It was also known as the Central Powers. The countries had formed alliances, agreeing to support one another if they suffered an attack by another country (France and Russia).
  • Russo-Japanese War

    Russo-Japanese War
    The first great war of the 20th century which Russia loses. This was an example of the Militarism that was a precursor to WW1.
  • First Moroccan Crisis

    First Moroccan Crisis
    Also called the Tangier Crisis. The Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea are in the connected point to Morocco. The European powers, France and Germany, fought in a dispute over Morocco. The reason this was significant to WW1 was because the European countries used the North-African country as a playground on which they fought. They wanted to have control of the area in order to prove their own domincance, and that lead to conflict in Europe. This was an example of Imperialism.
  • The Triple Entente

    The Triple Entente
    France, feeling isolated after the other countries formed alliances, joined with Russia and Britain in an opposing alliance. They were known as the Allies.
  • Second Moroccan Crisis

    Second Moroccan Crisis
    It is also called the Agadir Crisis. This event quelled the rebellion in Morocco. France sent troops and Germany dispatched warships. In this event, the United Kingdom supported France, so Germany retreated. The outcome of the negotiations was that the French made Morocco a protectorate. Again, this is significant because it highlights the Imperialism that was a precursor to WW1.
  • The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the crown prince of the Austro-Hungarian empire, is assassinated by a Serbian nationalist group called the Black Hand. Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, in Sarajevo (Bosnia). It is widely considered to be what brought about World War One.
  • Austria declared war on Serbia

    Austria declared war on Serbia
    The Austrian government blamed the Serbians because Franz Ferdinand and Sophie were assassinated by the Black Hand. The Black Hand was a Serbian nationalist group.
  • Britain declares war

    Britain declares war
    Britain declares war on Germany when it invaded Belgium. Canada is automatically at war because Canada was a part of British Empire.
  • First Battle of the Marne

    First Battle of the Marne
    World War One was unique because of trench warfare. At this battle, the soldiers on both sides dug in and made many trenches. This is so significant because set the standard for how the war was going to be fought.
  • War Zone

    War Zone
    Germany declares a war zone around Britain, creating a submarine blockade where even neutral merchant vessels were to be potential targets.
  • The Second Battle of Ypres

    The Second Battle of Ypres
    The bloodiest battle. Canadian and French troops were blinded, burned and killed when the Germans used Chlorine Gas. 6000 Canadians were killed, captured and wounded. The Germans first used poison gas.
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

    Sinking of the Lusitania
    The sinking of the Lusitania enraged the Americans and brought the United States of America into the Great War.
  • the Battle of the Somme

    the Battle of the Somme
    France and British forces fought under the command of General Douglas Haig. The British launched an attack along a line of low ridges near the Somme River, France. Tanks are first introduced in the Great War during this battle.
  • The Battle of Vimy Ridge

    The Battle of Vimy Ridge
    The Germans were in control of Vimy Ridge, a strategically important area of land in northern France. The Canadian Corps followed their plan of attack with precision and bravery. General Julian Byng was promoted for his role at Vimy. The victory at Vimy Ridge marked a Canadian milestone. Canadians did really well in this battle.
  • The battle of Passchendaele

    The battle of Passchendaele
    Also known as the Third Battle of Ypres. General Haig tried to get the British government to follow his own scheme for a breakthrough. Haig broke his promise to call off the battle because he did not want to lose face with the government.
  • The Battle of Cambrai

    The Battle of Cambrai
    The British took a large force of tanks across the barbed wire and machine gun posts at Cambrai. This was a decisive British victory, and crucial to the overall progression of WW1.
  • RAF formed

    RAF formed
    The Royal Flying Corps merged to form the Royal Air Force. It was a really dangerous job. When pilots shot down five enemy aircrafts, they were called an ace.
  • The battle of Amiens

    The battle of Amiens
    The general Haig ordered the attack of the German sector at Amiens. This was a great Allied victory.
  • Armistice signed

    Armistice signed
    Germany signs the armistice at Compiegne, France at 11 am. The armistice was signed, bringing the war to an end.
  • Creation of the League of Nations

    Creation of the League of Nations
    The League of Nations was created during the Paris Peace Conference at the end of the First World War. The goal of this organization was to make sure that the world would not be brought into another war. The League of Nations was supposed to interevene before a war could start, and its members were supposed to have collective security.
  • The Treaty of Versailles is signed

    The Treaty of Versailles is signed
    This Treaty was signed at the Paris Peace Conference following the end of WW1. The Treaty put all of the blame for the war on Germany, and established certain conditions that Germany would have to obey. For example, Germany would have to pay the Allies in reparation payments. Secondly, the German army would have to get small.
  • Hitler joins the German Worker's Party

     Hitler joins the German Worker's Party
    Adolf Hitler was spying on the DAP. He was sent there by the German army because they want to investigate on the party's operations. Later, Hitler found that the party's political ideas were similar to what he thought.
  • Nazi party is formed

    Nazi party is formed
    Hitler gives emotional speeches between Feb and March.
  • Right to vote

    Right to vote
    The passage of the 19th amendment gave women the legal right to vote
  • Mussolini becomes Prime Minister of Italy

    Mussolini becomes Prime Minister of Italy
    Mussolini becomes Prime Minister of Italy. This is significant because he was a dictator and was one of Hitler's allies. This showed the trend of Europe at the time toward Fascism. Fascism threatened the balance of power in Europe because it was a really violent ideology and it made the countries want to fight in wars.
  • The Treaty of Berlin

    The Treaty of Berlin
    The Soviet Union and Germany signed this treaty. Hitler was a liar with his treaty. He said he will protect the Soviet Union if the Soviets protect Germany. However, he invaded Soviet Union.
  • Hitler Starts Rearming the German Military

    Hitler Starts Rearming the German Military
    Contrary to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, Hitler immediately starts rearming the German military. The Allies found out about this, but they did nothing. This made Hitler confident that the Allies wouldn't try to keep the Versailles treaty's terms.
  • Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

    Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany
    Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany. He manages to convince the German people to give him this position of power by making them mad about the Treaty of Versailles.
  • Hitler as chancellor

    Hitler as chancellor
    President Hindenburg decided to appoint Hitler chancellor of Germany in a coalition government.
  • Non-Aggression Pact

    Non-Aggression Pact
    Poland and Germany agree and sign the ten year German-polish Non-Aggression Pact. Germany invades Poland without resistance after 5 years of signing the pact.
  • World War Two begins

     World War Two begins
    Invasions of Poland by USSR and Germany. Germany's attack on Poland is unprovoked.
  • Canada declares war on Germany

    Canada declares war on Germany
    Parliament of Canada declares war on Germany, It was the first time that Canada declared war on another country.
  • Hitler meets Chamberlain and gets the Sudetenland

    Hitler meets Chamberlain and gets the Sudetenland
    Hitler meets with Prime Minister of Britain Neville Chamberlain and discuss the Sudetenland. Hitler was already warned by the Allies to stop going around Europe and taking land, but he didn't stop. He convinced Chamberlain to give him the Sudetenland. This convinced Hitler that the Allies were all talk. He then went and invaded Poland, but his confidence wasn't so lucky that time. Now, WW2 started.
  • Moscow peace treaty

    Moscow peace treaty
    Finland signs a peace treaty with the Soviet Union. It preserved Finland's independence.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    Germany suffers its first defeat in the skies over England and abandons invasion plans.
  • Tripartite Pact

    Tripartite Pact
    Also known as three-power pact, Axis pact or three- way pact. it was signed between Germany, Italy, and Japan in Berlin in Germany. They decided to stand by and co-operate with one another.
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa
    Also known as case barbarossa. Hitler invasion of Soviet Union. - German forces launched it. It is the original blitzkrieg invation plan. The largest invasion in the history of warfare.
  • Battle of Moscow

    Battle of Moscow
    The biggest battle of world war 2 on the eastern front against German forces . Germans attack Moscow
  • The battle of Midway

    The battle of Midway
    After Japan attack on Pear Harbor, Japanses navy attack against midway atoll. Japan's plan was to attract the United States aircraft carriers into a pitfall.
  • The Dday invasion

    The Dday invasion
    General dwight eisenhower led us and allied troops in France. Allied invasion of Normandy.
  • Hitler commits suicide

    Hitler commits suicide
    Shortly before the fall of berlin and surrender of German forces in Europe.
  • Victory in Europe day

    Victory in Europe day
    known as VE day it was the public holiday. It celerated the end of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich.
  • Atomic bomb

    Atomic bomb
    USA drops the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki near the end of the world war 2. It destroyed many things in Japan. USA deployed two neclear weapons developed by the Manhattan Project.
  • End of the world war 2

    End of the world war 2
    Japanese surrender. The Japanese unconditionally surrendered to the allies ending the ww2