20th Century Genocide

  • Armenians began to protest

    The Armenians began to protest, about having the right to vote and for discriminatory practices against them because they were Christians, to Sultan Abdul Hamid.
  • Hamidian Massacre

    Over 100,000 people were killed during the widespread massacre, created by the Sultan.
  • Belgian Colonial Empire

    Three colonies, Belgian Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Rwanda and Burundi, ruled by Belguim.
  • Young Turk

    Turkish nationalists known as "Young Turks" forced the Sultan to allow a constitutional government and basic rights. They were junior officers in the Turkish army.
  • Adana Massacre

    With the Young Turks new word 'Turanism,' christian Armenians were called infidels (non-believers in Islam). Anti-Armenians demostrations were staged by young Islamic extremists, which sometimes led to violence. During the Adana Massacre 200 villages were burned and over 30,000 people were killed. Over the next several years, attacks against Armenians have been left unattended throughout Turkey.
  • Three Young Turks take over

    Three Young Turks, Mehmed Talaat, Ismail Enver and Ahmed Djemal, took control over the government via a coup. They wanted to make a Turkish Empire, with one religion and language known as Turan. But Amernia was in the way to expand eastward.
  • World War 1

    World War 1
    World War 1 was fought in Europe and other parts of the world. Nations from all non polar continents were involved,
    although Russia, Britain, France, Germany and Austria-Hungary dominated. Most of the war was fought in trench warfare. The war was fought in mostly two groups the Entente Powers (Allies) and the Central Powers. The Allies were made up of Russia, France, Britain (and later US), The Central Powers were made up of Germany, Austro-Hungary, Turkey. Italy joined the Allies later.
  • Armenians in Turkey

    Armenians in Turkey
    The Young Turks invaded Armernia and killed all the men and made women and children do death marches. Some children were spared and changed to become Muslim, and taken in by Turks. 1,500,000 deaths.
  • The Fall of the Czarist Regime

    Ukraine has been under the Imperial Czars of Russia's power for 200 years. When the Czarist rule fell, Ukraine would finally get their independence.
  • Vladimir Lenin

    He was the first leader of the Soviet Union, and he tried to reclaim all the places the Czars controlled, especially Ukraine. Ukrainian national troops fought against Lenin's Red Army, and against Russia's White Army (troops still loyal to the Czar) and other invading forces including the Germans and Poles, this chaos lasted four years.
  • Soviet Victory

    When the battle ended the western part of the Ukraine was divided-up among Poland, Romania, and Czechoslovakia. Soviet began shipping food from the Ukraine to Russain cities. Also, the drought in Ukraine made it worse.
  • Vladimir Lenin's Death

    Joseph Stalin became leader.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    It started on Black Tuesday when the stock market crashed and everyone was trying to sell their stocks but no one was buying. Many banks also closed and businesses began cutting worker's wages. People began spending less and less money, and dust storms and droughts destroyed farmlands. People left home to search for jobs.
  • Stalin's Forced Famine

    Stalin's Forced Famine
    Stalin accused, then deported or killed any scholars, scientists, curtural and religious leaders. Stalin also imposed the Soviet system of land management known as collectivization. He also labelled wealthy farmers as 'Kulaks,' and everything was taken from them. Kulaks were deported and made into slaves. Village farmers were forced to become rural factory workers. People began to rebel, and Stalin reduced the Ukraines food supply, leaving many to starve.
  • Adolf Hitler came into power

    Hitler repeatedly blamed the Jews for Germany's loss in World War 1. He also claimed that fair skin, blue eyes, and blond hair was the supreme form of human and that Jews were the opposite of this. Little by little, the Jews lost their freedom. 7,000,000 deaths
  • Battle of Shanghai

    During the battle of Shaghai, the Japanese was furious that the Chinese was putting up a good fight and make the battle longer than expected.
  • The Rape of Nanking

    The Rape of Nanking
    After the Japanese won the battle of Shanghai, they went to Nanking, China's capital, to take revenge. They killed any Chinese soldier that surrendered because the Japanese thought this was cowardly. The Japanese soldiers began raping women and girls, and killed them after. Later, they killed anyone. When the Japanese left for war they left Nanking with very addictive drugs. 300,000 deaths
  • Holocaust

    Hitler led the Nazis to exterminate the Jews. 1938-1945, 6,000,000 deaths.
  • Hitler entered Austria

    Hitler expanded the Nazi Reich by fentering Austria, and taking away the Jews' freedom.
  • Auschwitz Concentration Camp

    Hitler ordered the building of a concentration camp near the Polish city of Oswiecim, which was renamed Auschwitz by the Germans, to Polish slaves to do labour.
  • Hitler invaded the Soviet Union

  • Final Solution

    SS leader Heinrich Himmler told Auschwitz Commandant Rudolf Höss that he has chosen Auschwitz to exterminate the Jews.
  • World War 2

    World War 2
    Involved most of the world's nations and spilt them into to opposing groups, the Allies and the Axis. Major participants used most of their resources for the war. It began with the invasion of Poland and Germany and the declaration of war on Germany by France. The war ended on September 2, 1945 with an Allie victory.
  • Cold War

    Cold War
    Was a conflict between the US, the Soviet Union, and their allies. They fought over the stuggles of capitalism and communism. It was called the Cold War because there was never any direct military engagement between the two leaders, expect for the shots fired in the air during the Korean War.
  • Vietam War

    Vietam War
    Was between the communist North Vietnam who wanted to end all foeign occupation and the United States (allied with the South Vietnam) who wanted to prohibit any expansion of communsim. It ended on April 30, 1975 with a Vietnm victory.
  • The Great Leap Forward

    Mao Zedong, communist leader of People's Republic of China, wanted to recreate a famine which killed thousands. Pol Pot witnessed this and wanted to follow in Mao's footsteps.
  • Belgian granted independence to Rwanda

    Belgian granted national independence to Rwanda, allowing the Hutus to overrule the Tutsis. After the direct election of President Grégoire Kayibanda, Hutus became more in power.The Hutus treated the Tutsis with dicrimination and violence. Forcing the Tutsis to flee to close countries and formed a rebel army, the Rwandan Patriotic Front.
  • Soviet Victory

    The battle ended with a Soviet victory, and the western part of the Ukraine was divided-up among Poland, Romania, and Czechoslovakia. The Soviets began
  • Pol Pot became leader or the Cambodian Communist Party

    Pol Pot was forced to flee to the jungle to escape Prince Norodom Sihanouk, leader of Cambodia. In the jungle, Pol Pot formed an armed resistance movement, the Khmer Rouge (Red Cambodians).
  • Operation Menu

    Was the code name the US used. The US bombed North Vietnamese sancuaries in Eastern Cambodia, kill about 150,000 Cambodians. Thousands of Cambodians fled to the Cambodia's capital, Phnom Penh.
  • Prince Sihanouk was ousted

    Prince Sihanouk was ousted by US military coup.
  • US invasion

    The US invaded Cambodia to stop the North Vietnam from their border encampments, but instead drove them into Cambodia even more and alling with the Khmer Rouge.
  • US withdrawn troops from Cambodia

  • Pol Pot in Cambodia

    Pol Pot in Cambodia
    Khmer Rouge took control of Camodia on April 17. Pol Pot wanted to create a utopia named the Democratic Republic of Kampuchea. First, be cut off Cambodia from the rest of the world, and made everything in Cambodia 'peasant like.' Cambodians were forced into slave labour with terrible living conditions that kill thousands. Also, other ethics were killed. 2,000,000 deaths overall.
  • Josip Tito Death

    After, Germany's defeat, Tito came into power with a slogan "Brotherhood and Unity," merging together Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, along with two self-governing provinces, Kosovo and Vojvodina. When Tito and his strong leadership died, Yugoslavia became economically and politcally chaotic.
  • Omar Bashir took control over Sudan

    Omar Bashir took control over Sudan
    He took over the military coup, and allowed The National Islamic Front government to inflame regional tensions. In the struggle to gain political poer over the area, weapons began coming into Darfur.
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina

    A Serbian named Slobodan Milosevic became leader of Yugoslavia. He began inflaming tension between the Serbs and Muslims in Kosovo. Bosnia was a country of independence mostly containing Mulsims. When Bosnia declared independence, Miosevic responded by attacking Bosnia's capital, Sarajevo . Serbs were killing and raping Mulsims, and attacking UN peace keepers and NATO forces. The actions of the Serbs were labeled as 'ethnic cleansing,' 200,000 deaths
  • Rwandan Genocide

    Rwandan Genocide
    Rwandan President Habyalimana and Burundi's President, Cyprien Ntaryamira, held meetings with Tutsi rebels. Apr 6, the plane with the 2 presidents was shot down, and Hutu extremists began killing Tutsis. This lasted 100 days with 800,000 deaths.
  • Genocide in Darfur

    Genocide in Darfur
    2 Darfuri rebel movements, the Sudan Liberation Army and the Justice and Equality Movement - complained to the Sudanese government about the marginalization of the area and the failure to protect sedentary people from attacks by nomads. The Sudan government responded by unleashing Arab militias known as Janjaweed, or “devils on horseback”. Janjaweed began attacking villages and killing thousands.