20th Century

By djg056
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    John Philip Sousa

    Bandmaster known for marches.
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    Scott Joplin

    Ragtime composer.
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    Charles Ives

    American composer known for his use of polytonality, polyrhythm, and polymeters.
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    Florence Price

    First black female composer to have a symphony performed by a major orchestra.
  • Blues

    The blues style is characterized by bent pitches and derived from black performance traditions.
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    Sergei Prokofiev

    Russian composer who written orchestral, piano, and film pieces.
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    William Grant Still

    First black American to conduct a major symphony orchestra.
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    George Gershwin

    Classical composer and virtuoso pianist.
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    Duke Ellington

    Jazz composer.
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    Aaron Copland

    Composer, teacher, critic, conductor and sponsor of concerts.
  • The Unanswered Question

    Orchestral piece written by Charles Ives.
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    Olivier Messiaen

    Seriealist French composer and teacher.
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    John Cage

    Composer who helped changed the definition of music to "organized sound."
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    Billy Strayhorn

    Jazz composer.
  • Jazz

    The jazz style rose around this time, characterized by both popular and art music traditions with African roots.
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    Leonard Bernstein

    Theatrical composer
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    György Ligeti

    Hungarian composer.
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    Karlheinz Stockhausen

    German composer who made innovations in experimental and electronic music.
  • George Crumb

    Composer known for use of non-western musical idioms. Created a new spacial notation to accommodate his musical innovations.
  • Lieutenant Kijé

    Film score written by Prokofiev.
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    Henryk Górecki

    Composer characcterized by strong emotional symbolism, slow harmonix movement, and neo-tonality.
  • Porgy and Bess

    First opera with and all black cast composed by George Gershwin.
  • Peter and the Wolf

    Orchestral piece written by Prokofiev. Comissioned to cultivate musical taste in children.
  • A Train

    Composed by Billy Strayhorn, but recieve little credt.
  • Bebop

    Characterized by fast tempo and dissonant solos.
  • Musique Concrete

    Relied on sounds made by a natural source.
  • Appalachian Spring

    Ballet written by Aaron Copland
  • West Side Story

    Theater performance with the score composed by Leonard Bernstein.