1920's & 1930's Key Terms Timeline Between the Wars

  • Frances Willard

    Frances Willard
    She was a Suffragist. She also worked very hard for prohibition.
  • Henry Ford

    Henry Ford
    Henry Ford invented the car. He also created the assembly line. The car gave people freedom in the 1920s. The assembly line also revolutionized the work force.
  • Federal Reserve System

    Federal Reserve System
    It was created to make a national currency for the U.S. Before this each state had their own money and the U.S. economy was hard to judge. Central bank of the U.S.
  • The Great Migration

    The Great Migration
    Over 6 Million African Americans moved from the south to the north and the west. This was to help escape segregation and the jim crow laws of the south. Chicago and New York's populations went way up because of the great migration.
  • Jazz Music

    Jazz Music
    Truly American music. Very popular in the 1920's. It represented freedom. Frequently played in dance halls.
  • 1st Red Scare

    1st Red Scare
    After WW1 ended there was a Red Scare. This was a fear of communists in America. It spurred a bunch of anarchist bombings.
  • Prohibition

    Prohibition made it illegal to make, sell, import, or transport alcohol. It was made illegal by the 18th amendment. It lasted for about 13 years.
  • Tin Pan Alley

    Tin Pan Alley
    A group of music publishers who published very popular music all were located on a street called Tin Pan Alley.
  • Warren G. Harding's Return to Normalcy

    Warren G. Harding's Return to Normalcy
    This was a speech on the idea of returning to the way life was before WW1. This was his campaign promise in 1920's election. He said we needed healing not heroics.
  • Marcus Garvey

    Marcus Garvey
    Civil rights activist. Born in Jamaica.
  • Langston Hughes

    Langston Hughes
    He contributed greatly to the Harlem Renaissance. He was a poet and social activist. He used strongly african american themes.
  • Tea Pot Dome Scandal

    Tea Pot Dome Scandal
    Basically Albert Bacon Fall was secretly leasing federal oil reserves, in return for bribes. Mammoth oil company was given rights to the Teapot Dome Reserves, which is where the name comes from. The bribes were eventually found out and everyone got in trouble.
  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism
    This is the idea that Darwinism happens not only to plants and animals, but to people too. It interferes with the idea of divine intervention. The Butler act prevented the teaching of it in school.
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

    Scopes Monkey Trial
    The Scopes trial was against a school teacher who was accused of teaching evolution. There was a law in place prohibition the teaching of anything but divine creation. The teacher was found guilty, but the conviction was later overturned.
  • Clarence Darrow

    Clarence Darrow
    He defended John Scopes in the Scopes trial. He lost, as Scopes was found guilty. The conviction was later overturned however.
  • William Jennings Bryan

    William Jennings Bryan
    He was the prosecutor in the Scopes Trial. He won, and Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution, which goes against the Bible. The conviction was later overturned.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    A cultural movement that changed the African American Community. New art styles were created, and new music emerged. It was an intellectual movement too.
  • Charles A. Lindberg

    Charles A. Lindberg
    He was an environmental activists, as well as an aviator and inventor. Made the first non-stop flight across the atlantic. He was also an author.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    Black Tuesday is the day that the stock market crashed. This resulted in the Great Depression. Many banks shut down on this day and Americans lost most of their savings.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The Great Depression started on Black Tuesday. It was a period of very very severe recession in the U.S. Many lost homes, jobs, and had very little money.
  • The Dust Bowl

    The Dust Bowl
    The dust bowl is the name given to the midwest region in the 1930's. A severe drought and poor farming practices created huge dust storms and famine. Many farmers lost their farms and thousands died from the dust storms.
  • 20th Amendment

    20th Amendment
    The 20th amendment sets out the beginning and ending dates for government elected officials. It also says who succeeds the president, if something were to happen to him. It did not set the number of terms a president could serve.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt

    Eleanor Roosevelt
    She was the first lady from 1933 to 1945. She was married to Franklin D. Roosevelt. She changed the role of the first lady of the U.S. through her political activist work.
  • FDR

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt was President from 1933 to his death in 1945. He was elected for 4 terms. He helped the U.S. out of the Great Depression with his New Deal Plans.
  • The New Deal

    The New Deal
    The New Deal was a plan by FDR to get America out of the Great Depression. The first part of this was to declare a 4 day bank holiday. It still effects American life today with its programs, like SSA.
  • Relief, Recovery, and Reform

    Relief, Recovery, and Reform
    Relief, Recovery, and Reform was the name given to FDR's plan to help bring us out of the depression. This was part of the New Deal, specifically, the alphabet soup programs. These were things such as SEC, and CCC. They were designed to provide jobs in helping america to americans.
  • Tennessee Vally Authority

    Tennessee Vally Authority
    The TVA was created by the Tennessee Vally Authority Act signed by FDR. They were tasked with fixing problems faced by the Vally. They had to prevent flooding, provide electricity to homes, and replant forests.
  • FDIC

    The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation was designed to provide insurance for bank deposits. It was created to protect the people during the Great Depression. It was part of the New Deal.
  • Dorothea Lange

    Dorothea Lange
    She was a photographer who took photos during the depression era. She was especially famous for her work with dust bowl survivors. She worked for the Farm Security Administration.
  • 21st Amendment

    21st Amendment
    The 21st amendment repealed the 18th amendment. This was the first time one amendment had repealed another. It repealed the prohibition of alcohol.
  • SEC

    The Securities and Exchange Commission was created by the Exchange Act of 1934. This was created to regulate secondary trading. It helps protect the economy from big business's shady trading.
  • SSA

    The Social Security Administration was created by the Social Security Act of 1935. It was one of the New Deal Programs. It gave money to retired workers 65 and older.