1917-1945

  • Winter War between Finland and Russia

    Winter War between Finland and Russia
    The Soviet Union sought to conquer parts of Finland, which had been part of the Russian Empire as the Grand Duchy of Finland.
  • Period: to

    WWII

  • Bolshevik Revolution

    Bolshevik Revolution
    November 1917 provisional government collapsed. The Bolshevik Party was helped by the German to build a party organisation, a propoganda machine and a a powerful private army called the Red Gaurds.
  • Paris Peace Conference

    Paris Peace Conference
    A meeting held in Versalies just outside Paris to establish peace after World War.
  • The Treaty of Versalies

    The Treaty of Versalies
    It ended the state of war between Germany and the allied powers.
  • Washington Naval Conference

    Washington Naval Conference
    A military conference held in Washington from November 12th 1921-Febuary 6th 1922 to talk about interests in the Pacific Ocean and East Asia.
  • Stalin Comes To Power In Russia

    Stalin Comes To Power In Russia
    He was appointed general secretary of the party's centeral committee, He then managed to consolidate power in 1922.
  • Treaty of Rapallo

    Treaty of Rapallo
    An agreement signed at the Hotel Imperiale in Italy renounce all territorial and financial claims.
  • Ukrainian Famine

    Ukrainian Famine
    millions of citizens of Ukrainian SSR, the majority of whom were Ukrainians, died of starvation in a peacetime catastrophe unprecedented in the history of Ukraine
  • Beer Hall Putsch

    Beer Hall Putsch
    A failed attempt by the Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler to seize power in Munich, Bavaria, during November 8-9 1923
  • Dawes Plan

    Dawes Plan
    an attempt following World War One for the Triple Entente to collect war reparations debt from Germany
  • Mein Kamf

    Mein Kamf
    An autobiographical manifesto by Nazi leader Adolf Hitler talking about his political ideas and plans for the futurue of Germany
  • Stock Market Crash

    Stock Market Crash
    Sudden dramatic decline of stock prices across a significant cross-section of a stock market, resulting in a significant loss of money.
  • Stalin begins military purges and The Great Terror

    Stalin begins military purges and The Great Terror
    He targeted members of his cabinet and government, soldiers, clergy, intellectuals, or anyone else he deemed suspect. Those seized by his secret police would be tortured, imprisoned, killed, or a combination of all.
  • US Neutrality Acts

    US Neutrality Acts
    The Neutrality Acts were passed by the United States Congress in the 1930s, in response to the growing turmoil in Europe and Asia that eventually led to World War II.
  • Maginot Line

    Maginot Line
    Was a line of concrete fortifications, obstacles, and weapons installations that France constructed along its borders with Germany during the 1930s
  • Japanese invasion of Manchuria

    Japanese invasion of Manchuria
    The Japanese established a puppet state, called Manchukuo, and their occupation lasted until the end of World War II.
  • Defeat of French army by the Nazis

    Defeat of French army by the Nazis
    The collapse of France, just six weeks after Hitler's initial assault, ripped up the balance of power in Europe. Dr Gary Sheffield considers the dramatic and unexpected defeat of the Allied forces in France
  • First concentration camps established

    First concentration camps established
    The first concentration camps in Germany were established soon after Hitler's appointment as chancellor in January 1933
  • Hitler made chancellor of Germany

    Hitler made chancellor of Germany
    President Paul von Hindenburg named Hitler chancellor of Germany on January 30th 1933 becausue he saw that he was doing everything he could to fix the country and help the people.
  • Hitler declares himself Vice Chancellor and Fuhrer of Germany

    Hitler declares himself Vice Chancellor and Fuhrer of Germany
    Hitler, of course, decided that he should succeed Hindenburg, but not as president, instead as Führer of the German people. Although he was already called Führer by members of the Nazi Party and popularly by the German public, Hitler's actual government title at this time was simply Reich Chancellor of Germany
  • Night of Long Knives

    Night of Long Knives
    was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany between June 30 and July 2, 1934, when the Nazi regime carried out a series of political murders
  • Berlin Olympics

    Berlin Olympics
    International multi-sport event that was held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany.
  • Rape of Nanking

    Rape of Nanking
    An episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against Nanking during the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 in a period of six weeks.
  • Hitler invades the Sudetenland

    Hitler invades the Sudetenland
    Nazi leader Adolf Hitler's pretext for this effort was the alleged privations suffered by the ethnic German population living in those regions.
  • Hitler invades Austria

    Hitler invades Austria
    Hitler demanded 10 things to the chancellor of Austria. He threatened him and the chancellor ended up resigning. Hitler was invited by the last person that didnt resign and invaded Austria with his military.
  • Nazi Final Solution Developed

    Nazi Final Solution Developed
    was Nazi Germany's plan during World War II to exterminate the Jewish people in German-occupied Europe, which resulted in the most deadly phase of the Holocaust, the destruction of Jewish communities in continental Europe.
  • Munich Conference

    Munich Conference
    the
    leaders of Great Britain, France, and Italy agreed to allow Germany to annex
    certain areas of Czechoslovakia.
  • Krystallnacht

    Krystallnacht
    a pogrom against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria on 9–10 November 1938, carried out by SA paramilitary forces and non-Jewish civilians
  • Hitler invades Poland

    Hitler invades Poland
    Hitler sought the nonaggression pact in order to neutralize the possibility of a French-Polish military alliance against Germany before Germany had a chance to rearm
  • Nazi Soviet Anti -Aggression Pact

    Nazi Soviet Anti -Aggression Pact
    Hitler was planning on taking Poland without force but he did not want to fight a war on two fronts. The easiest plan was to make a Non-Agression pact with the Soviet Union. Secret protocol of NSNP granted the soviet union all of eastern Poland and the Baltic States
  • Hitler conquers the rest of Czechoslovakia

    Hitler conquers the rest of Czechoslovakia
    Hitler ordered his army to be ready to invade, and then plotted with the Slovak leaders to riot for independence. Then he bullied the Czechoslovakian President Hacha into asking him to help with the trouble, and sent in his army
  • Enigma machine used in Britain

    Enigma machine used in Britain
    On 25 July 1939, in Warsaw, the Poles initiated French and British military intelligence representatives into their Enigma-decryption techniques and equipment, including Zygalski sheets and the cryptologic bomb, and promised each delegation a Polish-reconstructed Enigma
  • Einstein writes a letter to FDR on the possibility of Atomic Weapons

    Einstein writes a letter to FDR on the possibility of Atomic Weapons
    A warning to President Roosevelt of the possibility of constructing "extremely powerful bombs of a new type" with hints that the German government might be doing just that. Addressed and dated Peconic, Long Island, August 2nd 1939, it was most likely written by Leo Szilard, the scientist who invented the chain reaction,
  • Britain and France declare war on Germany

    Britain and France declare war on Germany
    Britain and France had sworn to defend Poland. Honoring these obligations, the two countries sent ultimatums to Hitler demanding his withdrawal from Poland.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    the Second World War air campaign waged by the German Air Force against the United Kingdom during the summer and autumn of 1940.
  • Nazi occupation of Norway

    Nazi occupation of Norway
    The occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany started with the German invasion of Norway. Throughout this period, Norway was continuously occupied by the Wehrmacht. Civil rule was effectively assumed by the Reichskommissariat Norwegen which acted in collaboration with a pro-German puppet government, while the legitimate Norwegian king and government continued to operate in exile from London.
  • Winston Churchill Comes to power in England

    Winston Churchill Comes to power in England
    Tory rebels defying their party and prime minister
  • Desert Campaigns in Africa Begin

    Desert Campaigns in Africa Begin
    included campaigns fought in the Libyan and Egyptian deserts and in Morocco and Algeria and Tunisia.
  • Hitler launches Operation Barbarossa

    Hitler launches Operation Barbarossa
    The code name for Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan on Sunday, December 7, 1941 brought the United States into World War II
  • Scandinavian wars

    Scandinavian wars
    declared a position of neutrality at the outset of World War II, with Finland being the only exception
  • Manhattan Project Begins

    Manhattan Project Begins
    was a research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II
  • FDR signs Executive order 9066, beginning Japanese internment

    FDR signs Executive order 9066, beginning Japanese internment
    President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized the internment with Executive Order 9066, issued February 19, 1942, which allowed local military commanders to designate "military areas" as "exclusion zones," from which "any or all persons may be excluded."
  • Nimitz and McArthur begin island hopping in the Pacific

    Nimitz and McArthur begin island hopping in the Pacific
    Their strategy was to capture the Pacific islands one by one, advancing towards Japan and bypassing and isolating centres of resistance
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    defeated an attack by the Imperial Japanese Navy under Admirals Isoroku Yamamoto, Chuichi Nagumo, and Nobutake Kondo on Midway Atoll, inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese fleet.[
  • D-Day

    D-Day
    160,000 Allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of heavily-fortified French coastline to fight Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France
  • Operation Market Garden

    Operation Market Garden
    An unsuccessful Allied military operation, fought in the Netherlands and Germany in the Second World War
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    was a major German offensive campaign launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in Belgium, France and Luxembourg on the Western Front toward the end of World War II in Europe.
  • US drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    US drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    The atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan were conducted by the United States during the final stages of World War II
  • US victory at Iwo Jima

    US victory at Iwo Jima
    a major battle in which the United States Armed Forces fought for and captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Japanese Empire
  • Death of FDR

    Death of FDR
    FDR died on April 12, 1945
  • Hitler Commits Suicide

    Hitler Commits Suicide
    Adolf Hitler committed suicide by gunshot on 30 April 1945 in his Führerbunker in Berlin. His wife Eva committed suicide with him by ingesting cyanide
  • Surrender of Germany

    Surrender of Germany
    The German Instrument of Surrender ended the World War II in Europe. It was signed by representatives of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) and the Allied Expeditionary Force together with the Soviet High Command, French representative signing as witness on 7 May, and signed again by representatives of the three armed services of the OKW and the Allied Expeditionary Force together with the Supreme High Command of the Red Army, French and US representatives signing as witnesses
  • First successful test of atomic bomb

    First successful test of atomic bomb
    The first atomic bomb is tested successfully at the Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range in a remote section of desert near Los Alamos, New Mexico
  • Surrender of Japan

    Surrender of Japan
    The surrender of the Empire of Japan on September 2, 1945, brought the hostilities of World War II to a close