chapter 31

  • Election 1968

    Election 1968
    Richard Nixon was elected. Pledging to end the war in Vietnam and unify the country, he beat Hubert H. Humphrey by a close margin
  • Earth Day

    Earth Day
    celebrated in April, it became an annual holiday in order to increase awareness of the effects humans have on our natural surroundings
  • crushing Cambodia

    crushing Cambodia
    Nixon went against his "retreat" policy when he ordered a combined air and ground strike in Cambodia. this decision caused massive outbrusts from anti war protestors
  • Nixon goes to China

    Nixon goes to China
    Nixon, as well as various reporters and news cameras, enter China in February in an effort to end Sino-American hostilities. Nixon agreed to establish an American Liaison mission in Beijing as the first step of friendship.
  • SALT

    Strategic Arms Limitation Talks was an agreement between Nixonand Brezhnev. The first document limited the two countries to 200 IBMs a piece. the second froze the number of offensive ballistic missiles for a 5 year period.
  • ERA

    Equal Rights Amendment was approved by Congress in 1972 and stated that "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the united sstates or any state on account of sex".
  • OPEC

    at a meeting of the Organization of Petroleun Eporting Countries, they announced a 5% cut in oil production with an additional 5% each month untill Isreal surrendered the land it had taken in 1967
  • bombs and truce

    Nixon ordered a series of B-52 raids on Hanoi that finally led to a truce.The US agreed to remove all troops from SOuth Vietnam within 60 days in exchange for the release of all American prisioners of war
  • Nixon resigns

    Nixon resigns
    after the embarrassing blow from the Watergate Scadal, Nixon was froced to resign.
  • Ford Administration

    Ford Administration
    Henry Ford was appointed VP after Spiro Agnew was forced to resign for accepting bribes. he assumed the presidency after the resignation of Nixon due to the WaterGate scandal
  • Energy Policy and Conservation Act

    Energy Policy and Conservation Act
    set corporate standards for gas mileage. manufacturers who failed to achieve these averages faced stiff fines and other sanctions
  • Hyde ammendment

    Hyde ammendment
    denied the use of federal funds to pay for abortions for poor women
  • Camp David Accords

    Camp David Accords
    between Carter, Anwar Sadat, and Menachan Begin. a frame work for negotiations rather than an actual peace settlement that paved the way for the 1979 treaty.
  • iranian hostage crisis

    iranian hostage crisis
    in revolt of the US acceptance of the Shah into the country for medical treatment, Militants seized the US embassy in Tehran and took 53 Americans prisioner
  • AIDS

    doctors first noticed the disease umong males with a rare form of pneumonia and an unusual type of skin cancer.
  • Sandra Day O'Conner

    Reagan took a stand fo rwomens rights with the appointment of Sandra Day O'Conner as the first female to serve on the supreme court
  • Boland Ammendment

    Boland Ammendment
    prohibited any US agency from spending money in Central America
  • end to fighting

    end to fighting
    after terrorist attacks killed 239 American marines, Reagan withdrew all troops from Beirut
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    in an effort to raise awareness, 600,000 gays took part in a march fro gay rights
  • Defense of Marraige Act

    Defense of Marraige Act
    decreed that states did not have to recognize same-sex marraiges performed elsewhere