Cold War

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    Korean Conflict ONE

    after WW2, Korea was split in two, along the 38th prallel. North Korea bacame communists, under Kim II Sung. south Korea was noncommunist, ruled by Sungman Rhee. in June 1950, north attacked the south and took over much of the land. the UN comdemned the invasion, and in September, UN troops landed on the beaches of Korea, and captured Rail Lines to cut off North Korean supplies. By November, the UN Forces had advanced to the Yalu River, along the Chinese Border,
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    Korean Conflict TWO

    Mao sent troops to help North Korea, During Winter, the UN troops were pushed back to the 38th parallel. the War hit stalemate, and in 1953signed an armistice to end fighting. North Korea then developed as a communist command economy, and South Korea as a capitalist market economy. South Korea recovered from the war and took a leap ahead into democracy, while North Korea Glofified Kim as the "Great Leader", and clung to communism

    the cold war was a state of tension and hostility between nations aligned with teh United States on one side and the Soviet Union on the other. there was no armed conflict between the rivals. The cold war began because Stalin wanted to spread communism in Europe and create a defense against Germany. President Roosevelt and Churchill rejected Stalins wish for them to accept the spread of communism. they made him promise "free elections in Europe", but Stalin ignored this pledge.

    On March 12, 1947, the Truman Doctrine was outlined. it limited communism to the areas already uder Soviet control. The U.S. issued the Marshall Plan, it was to help to rebuild Europe from the Postwar poverty. Western Allies united their occupation in Germany. Soviets strengthened their hold on eastern Germeny. in 1948, Stalin tried to force western allies out of Berlin by sealing off transportation. it didn't work.

    In 1949, the United States and several other countried formed NATO. it was a new military alliance, in which the members agreed to help one another if any one of them were attacked.
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    Nuclear Arms Race and Detente ONE

    bombImmediately after WW2 the nuclear arms race began. At first, the United States was the only countries that had nuclear weapons, by 1949, the Soviet Union had also created nuclear weapons. eventually, both sides had developed hydrogen bombs, which are far more hazzardess than nuclear bombs. bth sides raced to keep up with the technology of the other. this led to "balance of terror". the people of the world were terridied that nuclear war would start.
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    Nuclear Arms Race and Detente TWO

    bombto limit the competition to create nuclear weapons, the United States and the Soviet Union signed agreements limited ABM's. the signing of treaties led to a period of detente, a relaxation of tension, during the 1970's. the United States would now restrain the Soviet Union through diplomatic agreements, rather than military action.
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    Communist Cuba and Missile Crisis ONE

    Fidel Castroin the 1950's Fidel Castro organized a rebellion of the corrupt dictator of Cuba. by 1959, Castro and his military had won and were on the road to transforming the country. during the Cuban rebolution, Castro sought help from the Soviet Union. Castro put the people under strict control, and persecuted those who dissagreed with him, many Cubans fled to Florida. JFK supported the Bay of Pigs invasion, which ended as a failure. in 1962, the Soviet Union sent nuclear weapons to Cuba.
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    Chinese Civil War ONE

    Mao Zedongby the end of WW2, Mao Zedong and his army had gained control of much of northern China. they did this by gaining the support of many of the Chinese Peasent. this suport helped the communist party capture rail lines and surround Nationalist-held cities. the communists captured Tibet in 1950m and in 1959, Tibet's religious leader, Dalai Lama, was forced to flee the country, Zedong built a new totalitarian society, and discourage traditional beliefs, while "counterrevolutionists" were punished.
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    Chinese Civil War TWO

    Mao ZedongMao called for collectivization, forced pooling of peasant land and labor. From 1958 to 1960, Mao urged people to increase productivity, this was called the Great Leap Forward. he created communes to make agriculture more efficient. The Great Leap Forward failed, causing food shortages. in 1966, Mao launched the cultural revolution, he wanted to urge young chinese to experience revolution. the young Red Guards, attacked the bourgeois. finally, Mao had the army restore order.
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    Communist Cuba and Cuban Missile Crisis TWO

    Fidel CastroThe United States established a naval blockade around Cuba, and insisted that the Soviet Union removed its weapons from Cuba. Finally, the Soviet Premier removed the missiles and the awr was averted.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    in response to thw NATO , the soviet Union formed the Warsaw Pact. The Soviet Union and seven other countries agreed to form a military alliance. the difference between Nato and the Warsaw Pact was that the soviet union forced the Warsaw Pact on other countries to keep them in control. The Warsaw Pact divided Europe into Eastern and Western blocks. in the east were communists countries, and the west were democracies.
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    Vietnam Conflict ONE

    stop the warafet 1954 vietman was divided into communist North vVetnam, ruled by Ho Chi Minh, and a noncommunist South Vietnam, ruled by Ngo Dinh Diem. the U.S. feared that a communist victory in South Vietnam would cause non communist governments across Southeast Asia to fall, they called this the domino Theory. Ho Chi Minh helped to aid Viet Cong, who were communist rebels trying to take over South Vietnam. at First only supplies were sent, but then the U.s> sent thousands of troops to help South Vietnam.
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    Vietnam Conflict Two

    stop the waron August 1, 1964, South Vietnamese commands conducted raids on North Vietnamese islands. the next day, North Vietnam attakcked a U.S. navy ship. on August 7, 1964 Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, it authorized the President to take all necessary measures to prevent agression in Southeast Asia. Rebels in the South faught against American troops. in 1968, Guerillas attacked Americans and South Vietnamese, it took place duriing Tet. in 1973, Nixon terminated american involvment.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    During the cold war, the city of Berlin was split into East and West. East Berlin was communist and West Berlin was democratic. many of the people in East Berlin were underpaid, and unhappy, and they started to flree to West Berlin. to stop this, East Germany built a wall to seal off West Berlin. When it was completed, it was a huge concrete wall wth barbed wire on top. it was a symbol that the workers and people of East Berlin had to be forcibly kept from fleeing.
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    East European Independence ONE

    germanyin 1968, Hungary quietly introduced economic reforms. It expanded its market economy. , in the 1980's hungarians criticized communism more openly. in 1988 and 1989, more political parties were allowed to form. in Poland in 1980, shipyard workers striked. Workers organized an independent labor union. to government outlawed the Union. Pope John Paul II criticzed communist parties. Hungary opened its boarders with Austria in 1989 and thousands of East Germans fled to West Germany, demanding change.
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    Eastern European Independence TWO

    Czechoslovakiain 1989 Poland held the the first free elections in 50 years. In Czechoslovakia, a human rights activist was elected president. the Gates of East and West Berlin were opened. in 1991 the Warsaw Pact was dissolved. when communists lost power, Slovaks called for independence and in 1992 the Slovaks and the Czechs preacefully agreed to divide Czechoslovakia into the new nations of Slovakia and the Czech Republic.
  • Soviets in Afghanistan

    Soviets in Afghanistan
    the Soviet Union became involved in a long war in Afghanistan, Afghan Government had tried to modernize the nation. the soviets faced a challenge when they battled the mujahedin. muslim religious warriors. they were just as skilled as the guerrillas in vietnam. the americans gave weapons to the mujahedin. the Soviet Union did not succeed the stuggle led to a crisis in morale for soviets.
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    Soviet Unions Falls ONE

    Gorbachevafter World War Two, although the Soviet Union came out victorious, there were no rewards for the people. Stalin continued using forced labor camps against "enemies of the state". Khrushchev gavre the soviet people more freedom. he freed some critics from labor camps, but was still committed to a command economy. after WW 2, the soviets used equpment stripped from Germany to rebuild its economy, but collectivization was unproductive and could not compete with western market economies.
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    Soviet Union Falls TWO

    Gorbachevthere was no improvement in the Soviet standard of living. But in 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev came to power. his reforms and changes sprialed out of control. he urged people to discuss the countries problems openely, along with perestroika, restrucuring of the government and economy. his reforms caused turmoil. more and more blocks began to break off from the Soviet Union. soviet hardliners tried to throw a coup, but it failed. Gorbachev soon resigned. and by 1991 the Soviet Union seperated.