Fraser Borkowski 1920's Timeline

  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    The 18th Amendment launched the era known as Prohibition, which the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcoholic beverages was prohibited. Reformers considered liquor a prime cause of corruption, and they thought that too much drinking led to crime, wife and child abuse, accidents on the job, and other serious social problems.
  • Lenin and the Communist State/ Red Scare

    Lenin and the Communist State/ Red Scare
    The U.S started to panic after revolutionaries in Russia overthrew the czarist regime. Vladimir I, Lenin and the Bolsheviks established their new communist state. The "Reds” or communists that waved their red flag around claimed for abolishing capitalism everywhere. A Communist Party in the United States formed and seventy thousand radicals joined, and some of the industrial workers of WW1 joined.
  • Palmer Raids

    Palmer Raids
    Mitchell Palmer appointed J. Edgar Hoover to his special assistant. Palmer, Hoover, and their agents hunted down and suspected communists, socialists, and anarchists. They were invading private homes and offices and jailing suspects without allowing them legal counsel, and trampling on people's civil rights, therefore for what they've done hundreds of foreign-born radicals were deported without trials.
  • Volstead Act

    Volstead Act
    The government sealed the Prohibition’s destiny because they couldn't budget enough money to enforce the law. The act established a Prohibition Bureau in the Treasury Department in 1919. People who had the job of enforcement they had to patrol 18,700 miles of coastline and inland borders, track down illegal stilts (equipment to distill liquor), and monitoring highways for truckloads of illegal alcohol. Patrollers also had to see if anyone was drinking alcohol and conveying illegal purposes.
  • Sacco & Vanzetti Trial

    Sacco & Vanzetti Trial
    Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti both Italian immigrants and anarchists. In May 1920 Sacco and Vanzetti were arrested and were charged with robber and murder of a factory paymaster and his guard in South Braintree, Massachusetts. The judge in their case prejudged them and sentenced to death, and this caused protests in the U.S, Europe, and Latin America for them both being treated unfairly. Sacco and Vanzetti both died August 23, 1927 in electric chairs.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    The 19th Amendment was put into action to give everyone the right to vote. To give you the right no matter what your race or gender is.
  • Teapot Dome Affair

    Teapot Dome Affair
    The government set aside oil-rich public lands at Teapot Dome, Wyoming and Elk Hills California, for the U.S navy to use; Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall was close friend of different oil executives. Fall had the oil transferred from the U.S navy to the interior department, he also leased the land to two other private oil companies but then he received $400,000 in loans, bonds and cash. Fall was the first American to be convicted of a felony while holding a cabinet post.
  • National Origins Act

    National Origins Act
    The National Origins Act discriminated strongly against people from outside Western Europe. It discriminated against southern and eastern Europeans and excluded Asian Americans and made it difficult for others to immigrate to the U.S.
  • Scopes Trial

    Scopes Trial
    In March 1925, Tennessee passed the nation's first law that made it a crime to teach evolution. John T. Scopes, took on the challenge and read a passage from Civic Biology, and he was promptly arrested. The Scopes trial was a fight over evolution and the roles fo science and religion in public school and in American Society. In the end Scopes was found guilty and fined $100, but the Tennessee Supreme Court changed the verdict but the outlawing of teaching of evolution was still in effect.
  • Charles Lindbergh

    Charles Lindbergh
    Charles A. Lindbergh made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic. Lindbergh was going after the $25,000 prize offered. He was on the flight for 33 hours and 29 minutes. Lindbergh's accomplishment paved the way for others and was an idol to many.
  • 1st talking movie, The Jazz Singer is released

    1st talking movie, The Jazz Singer is released
    The Jazz Singer was the first major movie with sound. A year after Walt Disney's Steamboat Willie the first animated film with sound. By the 1930's their attendance doubled and millions of Americans were going to see these movies every week.
  • Herbert Hoover elected president

    Herbert Hoover elected president
    Hoover had never run for public office, for he was a engineer from Iowa and he was a Republican. Hoovers opponent Alfred E. Smith was a Democrat. Hoover had one major advantage against Smith, he could point to the years of prosperity under Republican administrations since 1920. The vote was and overwhelming victory for Hoover, but the Americans made a clear message that they were happy with a Republican in office.
  • Stock Marker Crash

    Stock Marker Crash
    October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday, was the complete fall of the market and the confidence of the nation. Shareholders panicked and tried to sell before the prices went even lower, the number of shares dumped that day was a record of 16.4 million. People who bought the stock on credit were left with huge debts as prices dropped, and others lost most of their savings. By about mid-November investors lost $30 billion equal to the price the U.S paid in WW1.