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By AndyCao
  • Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany

    Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany
    He became chancellor because it was spurred largely by the German people’s frustration with dismal economic conditions and the still-festering wounds inflicted by defeat in the Great War and the harsh peace terms of the Versailles treaty. Hitler’s emergence as chancellor on January 30, 1933, marked a crucial turning point for Germany and, ultimately, for the world.
  • Hitler pledges to undo the Treaty Of Versailles

    Hitler pledges to undo the Treaty Of Versailles
    Hitler broke the Treaty of Versailles by moving troops into the Rhineland demilitarised zone. Hitler also broke the Treaty of Versailles in 1938 by invading Austria and declaring Anschluss.
  • Germany, Italy, Japan form pact known as Axis Powers

    Germany, Italy, Japan form pact known as Axis Powers
    The pact was signed in Berlin on 27 September 1940 by, respectively, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Galeazzo Ciano and Saburō Kurusu. The Axis grew out of the diplomatic efforts of Germany, Italy, and Japan to secure their own specific expansionist interests in the mid-1930s.
  • Italy invades Ethiopia

    Italy invades Ethiopia
    Ethiopia was defeated, annexed and subjected to military occupation.When the Ethiopians approached Japan for help on August they were refused, and even a modest request for the Japanese government to officially state its support for Ethiopia in the coming conflict was denied
  • Germany annexes Austria

    Germany annexes Austria
    On March 9, Schuschnigg called a national vote to resolve the question of Anschluss, or “annexation,” once and for all. Before the plebiscite could take place, however, Schuschnigg gave in to pressure from Hitler and resigned on March 11.
  • Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France sign the Munich Agreement (Appeasement)

    Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France sign the Munich Agreement (Appeasement)
    An emergency meeting of the main European powers – not including Czechoslovakia or the Soviet Union, an ally to both France and Czechoslovakia – took place in Munich, Germany, on 29–30 September 1938. An agreement was quickly reached on Hitler's terms.
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    A riot where the windows of about 7,500 Jewish stores and businesses were shattered, Jewish homes ransacked, 267 synagogues throughout Germany, Austria, and the Sudentenland destroyed. More than 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and taken to concentration camps. However many Germans did not approve of Kristallnacht.
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    Germany breaks the Munich Agreement and occupies the rest of Czech lands

    During a meeting with Adolf Hitler, Hácha was threatened with the bombing of Prague if he refused to order Czech troops to lay down their arms. This induced a heart attack, from which he was revived by an injection from Hitler's doctor. He then agreed to sign the communique accepting the German occupation of the remainder of Bohemia and Moravia.
  • Germany and the Soviet Union sign the Nazi-Soviet Pact, dividing Eastern Europe into spheres of influence

    Germany and the Soviet Union sign the Nazi-Soviet Pact, dividing Eastern Europe into spheres of influence
    In the pact the two countries agreed to take no military action against each other for the next 10 years. The German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact fell apart in June 1941, when Nazi forces invaded the Soviet Union.
  • Germany invades Poland

    Germany invades Poland
    The German invasion began on 1 September 1939, one week after the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact between Germany and the Soviet Union. The Soviets invaded Poland on September 17 following the Molotov–Tōgō agreement that terminated the Soviet and Japanese Battles of Khalkhin Gol in the east on September 16.
  • Honoring their support of Poland, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany

    Honoring their support of Poland, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany
    Britain bombs German ships but was careful to never harm any German civilians. France decided to go on offensive 2 weeks later but their effort was shot since their was just a small area to go through which was between two neutral countries.
  • Soviet Union invades Poland

    Soviet Union invades Poland
    The Germans has wreaked havoc in the west but as the Poles retreat to the east they were confronted by the Soviets. The Germans later gives the Soviets their Poles prisoner and recedes.
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    Phoney War

    The war started when the UK and France declared war against Germany. The most notably events in this war was when Winston Churchill became the new British Prime Minister, Germany invasion of Denmark and Norway, and the Winter War. Most of the other major actions occurred at sea.
  • Operation Sea Lion

    Operation Sea Lion
    A code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in WWII and was planned in case a peace agreement with Britain went sideways. Hitler had 4 conditions for this operation invasion that was to occur on a broad front, from around Ramsgate to beyond the Isle of Wight.
  • Auschwitz

    Where more than 40 concentration Nazi camps was rubbed by Nazi in occupied Poland during WWII and the Holocaust. Many died by gas chambers, starvation, forced labor, infectious diseases, individual executions, and medical experiments.
  • Germany invades Denmark and Norway

    Germany invades Denmark and Norway
    Germany used Denmark as a staging area for operations and that area was valuable because of the control of naval and shipping access to major German and Soviet harbours. Norway would allow the Germans to have a base for their naval units to weaken Allies shipments and to protect their shipments.
  • France falls and Germany controls Paris

    France falls and Germany controls Paris
    The French government fled to Bordeaux and German troops enters France’s capital on June 14. Panzers moves all over France and destroyed any resistance left.
  • North African Campaign

    North African Campaign
    It included campaigns fought in the Libyan and Egyptian deserts, and in Morocco and Algeria, and Tunisia. The Allies won this campaign it led to the Italian Campaign.
  • Britain defeats Germany in Operation Sea Lion

    Britain defeats Germany in Operation Sea Lion
    Britian were aware of Germany’s operation and prepared a system of static defensive lines around southern Britain, which were backed by the heavier General Headquarters Anti-tank Line supported by a small mobile reserve. Hitler indefinitely postponed Operation Sea Lion because of the Luftwaffe's failure to obtain air superiority and a general lack of coordination between the branches of the German military.
  • Battle of Britain ends

    Battle of Britain ends
    Britain has won and defeated Germany. The Germans lost 1,977 aircraft while the British lost 1,087 aircrafts. About 23,000 British civilians dead and 32,000 wounded, but this allowed Britain to rebuild its military forces and establish itself as an Allied stronghold.
  • Germany invades the Soviet Union - Operation Barbarossa

    Germany invades the Soviet Union - Operation Barbarossa
    A code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union. This plan was formed cause Nazi Germany wanted the western Soviet Union to be repopulated by Germans, to use Slavs as a slave labour force for the Axis war effort, to murder the rest, and to acquire the oil reserves of the Caucasus and the agricultural resources of Soviet territories.
  • Japan attacks Pearl Harbor

    Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
    A surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service upon the naval base at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii making United State angry, thus becoming involved in WWII. Two waves were carried out by the Japanese and after the day of the attack Roosevelt delivered his famous Infamy Speech to a Joint Session of Congress.
  • Battle of Midway Ends

    Battle of Midway Ends
    At the end of the four-day sea and air battle, the outnumbered U.S. Pacific Fleet succeeded in destroying four Japanese aircraft carriers with the loss of only one of its own coming out as the victorious country of this war. Japan lost four carriers, a cruiser, and 292 aircraft, and suffered 2,500 casualties while the U.S. lost the Yorktown, the destroyer USS Hammann, 145 aircraft, and suffered 307 casualties.
  • Battle of Guadalcanal

    Battle of Guadalcanal
    A military campaign codenamed Operation Watchtower by American forces and occured around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theater of World War II.The Japanese lost 31,000 soldiers and 38 ships andThe Allies lost 7,100 soldiers and 29 ships.
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    Battle of Stalingrad

    A war where Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in Southern Russia.The tractor factory in Stalingrad kept making T-34 tanks until the Germans stormed into the plant. Women and children’s were forced to build trenches and protective fortifications. In the end the Soviet Union won the Battle of Stalingrad. When the remaining Germans surrendered in Stalingrad around 91,000 exhausted, ill, wounded, and starving prisoners were taken.
  • D-Day

    Codenamed Operation Overlord on June 6 when about 156,000 American, British and Canadian forces landed on five beaches along a 50-mile stretch of the heavily fortified coast of France’s Normandy region. More than 4,000 Allied troops lost their lives in the D-Day invasion, with thousands more wounded or missing. A week later the Allies was able to secure these 5 beaches.
  • Germany surrenders

    Germany surrenders
    General Alfred Jodl signed a document surrendering all German military forces and was to be put in effect the following day. Eisenhower’s chief of staff, signed for SHAEF while French General Francois Sevez and Soviet Major General Ivan Susloparov signed as witnesses.
  • Hiroshima

    The Second General Army and Chūgoku Regional Army were headquartered in Hiroshima in WWI. A nuclear weapon called “Little Boy” descended upon Hiroshima killing an estimated of 70,000 people, which included 20,000 Japanese combatants and 2,000 Korean slave laborers.Injury and radiation from the nuclear explosion brought the total number of deaths to 90,000–166,000 at the end of the year.
  • Nagasaki

    Before the nuclear strike the population in Nagasaki was estimated about to be 263,000. It was bombed by a plutonium bomb called “Fat Man” between the Mitsubishi Steel and Arms Works in the south, and the Mitsubishi-Urakami Ordnance Works in the north. The bomb was intentionally for Kokura but since Kokura was covered over by smoke and cloud the US decided to bomb their backup target Nagasaki in desperation.
  • Japan Surrenders

    Japan Surrenders
    On September 9, 1945 the Japanese government signed the Japanese Instrument of Surrender aboard the United States Navy battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.The state of war between most of the Allies and Japan officially ended when the Treaty of San Francisco took effect on April 28, 1952.