Agreement between Nazi Germany and Communist Soviet Union.
--Agreed that they wouldn’t fight each other and
would respect borders for 10 years
--Secretly agreed to divide Poland and the rest of
Eastern Europe between them
Invasion of Poland
Hitler launches Plan White September and invades Poland.
Declaration of War
England and France declare war on Germany after he invades Poland. However, they are unable to do anything to help Poland. Start of "Phony War" -- no action take on either side
Neutrality Act. USA
--FDR persuades Congress to allow policy of cash and carry for weapons to be available to democracies
-- US ships must stay out of the designated war zone
the war on France
Hitler Attacks Frace
war with France
France had surrendered in june
• France was divided in 2
– Northern France occupied by Germans
– Southern France was independent but ruled by a pro German government Philippe Petaine
Emergency Powers Act
England prepares for the upcoming attack. rationing take place, start building up the military and RAF
on June 4, 1940, the evacuation of Allied forces from Dunkirk on the Belgian coast ends as German forces capture the beach port. The nine-day evacuation, the largest of its kind in history and an unexpected success, saved 338,000 Allied troops from capture by the Nazis.
The evacuated forces were mostly English. The french stayed and were destroyed
Export Control Act
Congress passes the Export Control Act, forbidding the exporting of aircraft parts, chemicals, and minerals without a license. This prohibition was a reaction to Japan’s occupation of parts of the Indo-Chinese coast. Link text
The Battle of Britain
--Fought largely in the skies between the air forces
--Not as devastating as hitler anticipated
--boosted English morale Link text
Destroyers for Bases Deal
Through this deal, the United States transferred destroyers to the British Navy in exchange for leases for British naval and air bases.
--Hitler orders heavy bombing of London in retaliation for English air raids on Berlin and Munich
-- took pressure off RAF and allowed them to reorganize and rebuilt Link text
allowed to call West Coast, a military area. By June, more than 110,000 Japanese Americans were relocated to remote internment camps built by the U.S. military in scattered locations around the country. For the next two and a half years, many of these Japanese Americans endured extremely difficult living conditions and poor treatment by their military guards.
the Philippines taken
the Philippines are taken over by the Japanese
Doolible’s Raid on Tokyo
•--long range attack Japan
• does not accomplish much military , however the morale of americans is boosted
Battle of the Coral Sea
Japan was prevented from invading New Guinea and Australia by the US military. Fought only in the sky
• Rommel told Hitler he had to retreat, Hitler forbids
him but Rommel does it anyway
• Rommel retreats 1000 miles
Meeting between FDR And Churchill
• Agree to the unconditional surrender of the AxisPowers
-=start planning operation overloard
Battle for Sicily, Operation Husky
the Allies invade Italy, the resistance falls quickly
Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands
another island taken in the US's island hopping campaign against Japan.
In the Battle of Tarawa (November 20-23, 1943) during World War II (1939-45), the U.S. began its Central Pacific Campaign against Japan by seizing the heavily fortified, Japanese-held island of Betio in the Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands.
Tehran Conference, aka Eureka
1st meeting of the “big three”: FDR, Churchill and Stalin
• Decision made to go ahead with cross-channel invasion of Europe Operation Overlord
US War Department imposes a draft on all Japanese American men
The battle of Okinawa, also known as Operation Iceberg, took place in April-June 1945. It was the largest amphibious landing in the Pacific theater of World War II. It also resulted in the largest casualties with over 100,000 Japanese casualties and 50,000 casualties for the Allies. This article gives an account of the 80 day plus battle for the Island of Okinawa which some have described as the “typhoon of steel”.
Hitler commits suicide because the loss is so evident
Soviets in Europe
Berlin is under Soviet's control after they enter the city in April 25th
The European Victory Day
at TRINITY SITE near ALAMOGORDO, NEW MEXICO, scientists of the Manhattan Project readied themselves to watch the detonation of the world's first atomic bomb. The device was affixed to a 100-foot tower and discharged just before dawn. No one was properly prepared for the result.
An atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima. 1 out of the two atomic bombs gone.
another bomb is dropped on Japan because it will not surrender.
Japan’s formal surrender took place aboard the U.S.S. Missouri, anchored in Tokyo Bay. Coming several months after the surrender of Nazi Germany, Japan’s capitulation in the Pacific brought six years of hostilities to a final and highly anticipated close.