A Look Into WWI & WWII (Canadian History)

By amna47
  • Archduke Of Austria-Hungary Is Assassinated

    Archduke Of Austria-Hungary Is Assassinated
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, and his wife, visit Sarajevo, Bosnia. A serbian assasssin throws a bomb at their auto but misses. Undaunted, they continue their visit only to be shot and killed a short time later by a the assassin. This leads the Austrians to target their anger toward Serbia.
  • Gavrilo Princip Is Arrested

    Gavrilo Princip Is Arrested
    Gavrilo Princip is arrested after assassinating Archduke Ferdinand.
  • Austria-Hungary Delivers Ulitimatum To Serbia

    Austria-Hungary Delivers Ulitimatum To Serbia
    Austria-Hungary alies wirth Germany, and then delivers an ultimatum to Serbia. The Serbians decide to propose arbitration in order to resolve dispute, but also in contrast began to mobilization their army troops.
  • Austria-Hungary Moblizes Troops Against Serbia

    Austria-Hungary Moblizes Troops Against Serbia
    Austria-Hungary cuts off diplomatic ties with Serbia and begins to mobilize its own troops against the country
  • Poltical Conference

    Poltical Conference
    Britain organizes a political agreement among the major European powers to resolve the dispute between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. France and Italy agree to participate. Russia then also agrees, but Germany refuses.
  • Austria-Hungary Declares War

    Austria-Hungary Declares War
    The Austro-Hungarian Empire declares war on Serbia.
  • Russia Mobilizes Its Troops

    Russia Mobilizes Its Troops
    Reacting to the Austrian attack on Serbia, Russia begins full mobilization of its troops. Germany demands that it stops.
  • Germany declares war

    Germany declares war
    Germany declares war on Russia. France and Belgium begin full mobilization
  • Germany Declares War On France And Invades Belgium

    Germany Declares War On France And Invades Belgium
    Germany declares war on France, and invades neutral Belgium. Britain then sends an ultimatum, rejected by the Germans, to withdraw from Belgium
  • Britain Declares War On Germany

    Britain Declares War On Germany
    Great Britain declares war on Germany. The declaration is binding on all Dominions within the British Empire including Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India and South Africa
  • The German Invasion Of Belgium

    The German Invasion Of Belgium
    Germany invades Belgium to outflank the French army
  • Germany Convays Attacks In Belguim

    Germany Convays Attacks In Belguim
    he Siege of Liege occurs as Germans attack the Belgian fortress city but meet resistance from Belgian troops inside the Liege Forts. The twelve forts surrounding the city are then bombarded into submission by German and Austrian howitzers using high explosive shells. Remaining Belgian troops then retreat northward toward Antwerp as the German westward advance continues.
  • Britain And France Declare War On Austria-Hungary

    Britain And France Declare War On Austria-Hungary
    Great Britain and France declare war on Austria-Hungary. Serbia is invaded by Austria-Hungary
  • The Second Battle of Ypres

    The Second Battle of Ypres
    The Second Battle of Ypres lasted from April 22 to May 25. French and Canadian troops were burned, blinded, or killed when the Germans used chlorine gas. One of the doctors serving with the Canadian Corps was Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae, who wrote "In Flanders Fields" to commemorate Canadians serving at the battle.
  • The Battle of Somme

    The Battle of Somme
    The Allies launched a massive attack against the German trenches near the Somme River in France. The attack failed because of poor planning and using tactics that didn't work. Despite all the losses, Canadian troops distinguished themselves during the battle and lead assaults in several battles in the course of the war. Also the first time tanks were used in war.
  • Battle of Vimy Ridge

    Battle of Vimy Ridge
    For more than two years the British and the French tried to capture Vimy Ridge from the Germans. Late in 1916, Canadian troops were chosen to lead an assault. Starting on April 9, and finishing on April 12 they captured the German's last position and won the battle. The Canadian's gained more ground, taken more prisoners, and captured more artillery than any previous British offensive in the whole war. It marked Canadians as an elite force.
  • Military Service Act

    Military Service Act
    Was an act passed by Prime Minister Robert Borden, making conscription mandatory for all Candian men between ages 20 and 45. It was opposed by many in Canada, especially the French Canadiens. They felt no connection to Britain, so why should they have to fight Britain's battles. Passing this law, Borden wasn't likely to win the next election, so he passed two more laws.
  • Halifax Explosion

    Halifax Explosion
    During the war, Halifax was a valuable base for fixing and refueling warships. The SS Mont Blanc, a French vessel carrying over 2500 tons of explosives was accidentally hit by another ship. This caused an explosion so powerful that it destroyed Halifax's harbour and levelled much of the city.
  • Khaki Election of 1917

    Khaki Election of 1917
    Prime Minister Borden introduced the Military Voters Act, which allowed men and women fighting in the war to vote, and the Wartime Elections Act, giving women related to servicemen the right to vote, but not for conscientious objectors or immigrants.
  • Canada's Hundred Days

    Canada's Hundred Days
    Russia, having signed a treaty with Germany, was out of the war. So the Germans sent all of their men to fight on the western front, pushing back the Allies almost to Paris. When the Americans arrived the Allies rallied and pushed back the Germans. Canada's offensives were among the most successful of all the Allies, pushing through German lines and winning battles at Arras, Cambrai, and Valenciennes.
  • Paris Peace Conference

    Paris Peace Conference
    Meeting of the Allies after winning WW1 to discuss the terms of the peace agreement. Because Canada contributed so much into the war, Prime Minister Borden thought Canada deserved its own seat at the conference. After much debating, Canada received a seat at the conference and Borden was among the leaders to sign the Treaty of Versailles.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    A treaty between Germany and the Allies, that Germany had to sign or the Allies would continue their attack. Borden Borden was one of the leaders who got to sign the treaty. It gave Canada an enhancment to its national status. The world was starting to see Canada as not a Britsh colony, but as an individual country with a distinguished identity.
  • Stock Market Crash

    Stock Market Crash
    The stock market had been growing and growing during the 1920’s. Then, on Tuesday October 29th, 1929 it crashed, later being referred to as “Black Tuesday”. The cause for the cause of the collapse was for five two reasons, the stocks were over valued because so many people were buying them, and people borrowed money they didn’t have because they thought that they would make money in the stock market to pay it back. This stock market crash was the cause of the dirty thirties and great depression
  • Election

    he two main people running for this was R.B. Bennett, and Mackenzie King. Bennett’s campaign platform was to combat the great depression. King didn’t mention unemployment in his campaign. R.B. Bennett won with 134 seats (47.7%), Mackenzie King lost with 90 seats (45.5%). This affected Canada because it shows that Canada trusted Bennett to help them out of the depression.
  • Causes of War

    Causes of War
    Hitler and other fascist dictators had gradually come into power in the years following World War One. They ruled through fear, and generally made aggressive actions towards other countries. Hitler, in particular, became Chancellor of Germany in 1933
  • Hitler Becomes Chancellor

     Hitler Becomes Chancellor
    In the hope of creating a stable government, the elderly President Hindenburg agreed to the plan. So on 30 January 1933, Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.
  • Nuremberg Laws in effect against Jews

    Nuremberg Laws in effect against Jews
    The Nuremberg Race Laws which had acted as In the Reich's early years, an anti-Jewish regulation that were drawn up by Nazis
  • Italy into Ethiopia

    Italy into Ethiopia
    A border incident between Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland that December gave Benito Mussolini an excuse to intervene. Rejecting all arbitration offers, the Italians invaded Ethiopia on October 3,1935.
  • Causes, Part 2

    Causes, Part 2
    Trying to prevent another war, England and France resorted to a policy of appeasement, by allowing Germany to invade several small countries, but their inaction only made Hitler bolder. Meanwhile, the League of Nations was totally failing at preserving world peace. The League lacked a military to back up its decisions, so warrring countries such as Japan and Italy were free to attack other countries.
  • Canada's Response to the Threat of War

    Canada's Response to the Threat of War
    Canada became very isolationist in the years leading up to World War Two, staying out of all international affairs that did not deal with Canada’s interests. The Liberal government did not want another war and supported Britain's policy of appeasement. Canada was just coming out of the depression at this time, and the government did not want the country plunged back into wartime debt.
  • Italy, Germany & Japan signed Anti-Comintern Pact, against Russia

    Italy, Germany & Japan signed Anti-Comintern Pact, against Russia
    An agreement concluded first between Germany and Japan (Nov. 25, 1936) and then between Italy, Germany, and Japan (Nov. 6, 1937), ostensibly directed against the Communist International (Comintern) but, by implication, specifically against the Soviet Union.
  • Germany Takes Over Austria

    Germany Takes Over Austria
    Hitler pointed out that Austria was isolated diplomatically and could not halt a Nazi invasion
  • German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact essio

    German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact essio
    On March 15, 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Czechoslovakia, breaking the agreement it had signed with Great Britain and France the year before in Munich, Germany. The invasion jolted British and French leaders and convinced them that Adolf Hitler, the German chancellor, could not be trusted to honor his agreements and was likely to keep committing aggressions until stopped by force or a massive deterrent.
  • Full invasion and takeover of Czechoslovakia

    Full invasion and takeover of Czechoslovakia
    On September 30, 1938, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, French Premier Edouard Daladier, and British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain signed the Munich Pact, which sealed the fate of Czechoslovakia, virtually handing it over to Germany in the name of peace. Although the agreement was to give into Hitler’s hands only the Sudentenland, that part of Czechoslovakia where 3 million ethnic Germans lived, it also handed over to the Nazi war.
  • Jewish immigrants to Canada

    Jewish immigrants to Canada
    he Canadian government discouraged any non-Caucasian immigrants from entering the country prior to World War 2, in fear that they would take jobs usually reserved for native Canadians. This policy included people of Jewish descent, and the government even went so far as to refuse a boatload of Jewish refugees from Europe after they had arrived in Canada.
  • Germany invades Poland with Blitzkrieg warfare

    Germany invades Poland with Blitzkrieg warfare
    1.5 million German troops invade Poland all along its 1,750-mile border with German-controlled territory. Simultaneously, the German Luftwaffe bombed Polish airfields, and German warships and U-boats attacked Polish naval forces in the Baltic Sea.
  • Britain and France Declare war on Germany

    Britain and France Declare war on Germany
    Britain and France are at war with Germany following the invasion of Poland two days ago
  • Battle of the Atlantic

    Battle of the Atlantic
    The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest campaign of the Second World War and the most important. Canada was a major participant: this country’s enormous effort in the struggle was crucial to Allied victory. While the ships and personnel of the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) operated across the globe during the war, they are best remembered for their deeds during the Battle of the Atlantic.
  • Canada Entering The War

    Canada Entering The War
    hen Britain went to war in September 1939, Canada remained neutral. This displayed Canada’s newfound right to declare war independently of Britain. One week later, the Canadian Parliament voted overwhelmingly in favour of going to war.
  • Canada declares war on Germany

    Canada declares war on Germany
    On September 7 Parliament met in special session; on September 9 it approved support to Britain and France; on September 10 King George VI announced that Canada had declared war.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    After the occupation of France by Germany, Britain knew it was only a matter of time before the Axis power turned its sights across the Channel. And on July 10, 120 German bombers and fighters struck a British shipping convoy in that very Channel, while 70 more bombers attacked dockyard installations in South Wales.
  • Invasion of Soviet Union

    Invasion of Soviet Union
    Under the codename Operation "Barbarossa," Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, in the largest German military operation of World War II. The destruction of the Soviet Union by military force, the permanent elimination of the perceived Communist threat to Germany, and the seizure of prime land within Soviet borders for long-term German settlement had been core policy of the Nazi movement since the 1920s.
  • Pearl Harbour Attack

     Pearl Harbour Attack
    On December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack on the United States, bombing warships and military targets in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. More than 350 Japanese aircraft attacked the naval base in two waves, strafing targets, dropping armor-piercing bombs, and launching torpedoes toward U.S. battleships and cruisers.
  • Japanese-Canadian Internment

    Japanese-Canadian Internment
    Second World War was a struggle for democracy and liberty worldwide, yet liberty for Canadians was not extended. Japanese Canadians were treated unjustly and were kept inside internment camps. In addition, their right to “Habeas Corpus” had been dismissed. “Habeas Corpus” was the right to be brought before a judge and receiving a trial only after physical evidence had been presented. The Japanese Canadians were perceived as spies even though no evidence had supported that claim.
  • Battle of El Alamein

    Battle of El Alamein
    The Battle of El Alamein marked the culmination of the World War II North African campaign between the British Empire and the German-Italian army. Deploying a far larger contingent of soldiers and tanks than the opposition, British commander Bernard Law Montgomery launched an infantry attack at El Alamein on Oct. 23, 1942.
  • Dieppe Raid

    Dieppe Raid
    The Dieppe Raid, also known as the Battle of Dieppe, Operation Rutter during planning stages, and by its final official code-name Operation Jubilee, was an Allied attack on the German-occupied port of Dieppe during the Second World War. The raid took place on the northern coast of France on 19 August 1942.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    The Battle of Stalingrad was a major battle on the Eastern Front of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia, on the eastern boundary of Europe.
  • Italian Campaign

    Italian Campaign
    Canadian troops played a vital role in the 20-month Mediterranean campaign which led to the liberation of Italy during the Second World War. In fact, this campaign was the first large-scale land operation in which the Canadian Army stationed in Great Britain took part.
  • D-Day

    the Battle of Normandy, which lasted from June 1944 to August 1944, resulted in the Allied liberation of Western Europe from Nazi Germany’s control. Codenamed Operation Overlord, the battle began on June 6, 1944, also known as D-Day, when some 156,000 American, British and Canadian forces landed on five beaches along a 50-mile stretch of the heavily fortified coast of France’s Normandy region.
  • Germany surrenders

    Germany surrenders
    At first, General Jodl hoped to limit the terms of German surrender to only those forces still fighting the Western Allies. But General Dwight Eisenhower demanded complete surrender of all German forces, those fighting in the East as well as in the West. If this demand was not met, Eisenhower was prepared to seal off the Western front, preventing Germans from fleeing to the West in order to surrender
  • Atomic Bomb on Nagasaki

    Atomic Bomb on Nagasaki
    Onset of the United Kingdom as laid down in the Quebec Agreement, dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, during the final stage of World War II. The two bombings, which killed at least 129,000 people, remain the only use of nuclear weapons for warfare in history.