Passed in March of 1941, was the principal means for providing U.S. military aid to foreign nations during World War II.
Germany invades Soviet Union in 3 part invasion. AGN, AGC, AGS.
Encirclement of Kiev
(23 Aug 1941 - 26 Sep 1941) AGS (under Von Rundstedt) successfully encircles Kiev. Largest encirclement of the war.
AGN (under Von Leeb) unable to capture Leningrad, decides to blockade city and starve it.
(Oct. 1941 - Nov. 1943) was the German death camp system. Creating 3 new death camps with a goal to speed up the killing of victims.
Op. Typhoon (Battle for Moscow) Begins
(2 Oct. 1941 - 7 Jan. 1942) Op. Typhoon was the specific plan to encircle Moscow, failed eventually due to Soviet counterattack on 5 Dec. 1941.
Japan attacks U.S. at Pearl Harbor.
Germany Declares War On U.S.
Germany declares war on United States.
German conference to coordinate movement of Jews to death camps in Poland.
(28 Mar 1942 - 3 Apr 1945) After Churchhill approved this change of policy, British bombers bombed Germany's industrial cities and their civilian populations. These cities included: Hamburg, Dresden, Luebeck, and Berlin.
Fall Blau (Case Blue)
Launched 28 June 1942. A German operation to invade Moscow, but decided to focus on Stalingrad. Mini Operation Barbarossa, ends up failing for Nazi Germany.
Op. Edelweiss (Blau revamped)
July of 1942, Case Blau revamped. Split south offensive toward both Stalingrad and the Don and the Black Sea.
(19 Nov 1942 - 2 Feb 1943) Successful Soviet counterattack during Case Blue.
German operation, last attempts to try and save the 6th Army.
10 Dec. 1942 Russian 'Ring" begins final closure.
Surrender of the Sixth Army
Paulus is first German FM to surrender. Turning point in the war. Germany could no longer win in the East.
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
(19 Apr - 16 May 1943) Largest Jewish Resistance during Holocaust. Broke out after the final clearing f the Ghetto. SS ordered to "cleanse" the ghetto. Nazis massacred 13,000 Jews in response. Ghetto destroyed.
First step in Italy; Western Allies from North African sicily. Airborne/amphibious operation followed by a 6 week land campaign. Allied victory.
(5-16 July 1943) Last German offensive to "Pinch Off" the Kursk Salient from north and south relying on German armor.
Called off because of Operation Husky, but first uge tank battle (Prokhorovka).
Battle of Prokhorovka
During Op. Citadel. Start of the Soviet Counterattack with armor. Tank on tank battle, little infantry participation.
July/Aug 1943; Soviet attack on Army Group Center Orel, north of Kursk.
Polkovets Rumyantsev Offensive
(July/Aug 1943) Soviet attack on AGS and retaking of Knarkov/Kharkiv (Ukraine).
(Invasion of Italy) amphibious landing on Italy's mainland.
(Invasion of Italy) main amphibious landing on Italy near Salerno.
(Invasion of Italy) airborne landing in Italy at Taranto.
Teheran Conference ("Eureka")
(28 Nov - 1 Dec 1943) Conference in Teheran, Iran to determine the course of the alliance considering the developments on the Eastern front. Decision made to open a second from in Western Europe
Op. Shingle/Anzio Landings
(Invation of Italy) Amphibious landing further north in Italy. Allies lose the initiative, campaign lasted until 5 June 1944, possibly delayed D-Day.
Op. Neptune (DDay)
Suprise naval bmbardment of the coast to break German defenses across 5 Nrmandy beaches. Largest amphibious landing in history.
(6 June - 25 Aug 1944) Lodgment of Normany. Securing force after Operation Neptune for beaches, ports, and "Mulberry Harors".
(22 Jun 9 Aug 1944) Soviet deep battle operation with the goal of Belarus, commanded by K. Rokossovsky. Drove remaining forces from Soviet territory and retook Belarus. Called "The Destruction of Army Group Center". Part of Stalin's 10 blows.
(22-30 June 1944) Major port that was targeted in Operation Netune and Overlord. Closest to normandy.
(1 Aug - 2 Oct 1944) City wide uprising of resisters of the Home Army (Poland). Stalen ordered the Red Army not to help, resulted in defeat.
Liberation of Paris
(19-25 Aug.1944) Patton leads 3rd army into Paris. German garrison surrenders and Charles De Gaulle takes power when French resistance rises up
(17-25 Sept 1944) Combined air (market) and land (garden) attack takes 8 days and fails, due to complexity and German resistance. Launched by Montgomery with Eisenhower's permission. 16,000 allied casualties.
Battle of the Bulge (Ardennes Offensive)
(16 Dec 1944 - 25 Jan 1945) Last German offensive attack of the war in the Ardennes. Caught allies by surprise, taking heavy casualties. Attempt to drive out the Western Allies out of German territory.
(4-11 Feb 1945) War was thought to be over by Allies. Stalin demands "Sphere of Influence" across Eastern Europe. Possibly the beginning of the Cold War.