Red square 1945

World War II by Nerea and Sheila

  • The peripheral wars

    The peripheral wars
    In this period there were the peripheral wars: the one of Ethiopia at the hands of Italy, the civil war with the support of Mussolini and Hitler and the sinojaponesa that tried to dominate Asia and the pacifico.
  • Rome - Berlin axis

    Rome - Berlin axis
    Nazi Germany and fascist Italy sign a cooperation treaty on October 25; On November 1, the Rome-Berlin Axis is announced.
  • Anti-Comintern Pact

    Anti-Comintern Pact
    Nazi Germany and the Japanese Empire sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, directed against the Soviet Union and the international communist movement.
  • World War II in the Pacific

    World War II in the Pacific
    Japan invades China and begins World War II in the Pacific.
  • Anschluss

    It refers to the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany on 12 March 1938.
  • Munich Agreement

    Munich Agreement
    It was an agreement concluded at Munich, by Germany, Great Britain, France and Italy. It provided "cession to Germany of the Sudeten German territory" of Czechoslovakia.
  • Interwar period

    Interwar period
    At the end of interwar period there were going to be many problems due to the tract of Versailles and the economic difficulties that intensified the rise of fascism in the face of the weakness of the democracies.
  • Period: to


    Here begins the first stage of the war, where the axis showed more strength and won many territories
  • Polish state

    Polish state
    France and Great Britain guarantee the integrity of the borders of the Polish state.
  • Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact

    Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact
    Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign a nonaggression agreement and a codicil that divides Eastern Europe into spheres of influence.
  • The beginning of the World War II

    The beginning of the World War II
    Germany invades Poland and begins World War II in Europe.
  • Invasion to Poland

    Invasion to Poland
    In the Soviet German pact a clause was to invade Poland between these two powers, under the pretext of recovering Danzig. This was banned by the SDN but Germany went through it. This war known as September Campaign in Poland lasted until October 6.
  • Period: to


    This is a timeline about the second world war, that started in 1939 and ended in 1945. We hope you enjoy it.
  • War declaration

    War declaration
    In compliance with its commitment to guarantee the integrity of Poland's borders, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany.
  • The division of Poland

    The division of Poland
    Warsaw surrenders on September 2. The Polish government is exiled via Romania. Germany and the Soviet Union share the territory of Poland.
  • German victories

    German victories
    Germany attacks Western Europe: France and the Netherlands, which were neutral; Luxembourg is occupied on May 10; The Netherlands surrenders on May 14; and Belgium surrenders on the 28th of that same month. On June 22, France signs an armistice agreement by which the Germans occupy the northern half of the country and the entire Atlantic coast.
  • Entrance of Italy

    Entrance of Italy
    Italy enters the war. Italy invades southern France on June 21. One of the causes why entered was his invasion of Ethiopia, which the SDN had forbidden him.
  • Battle of England

    Battle of England
    The air war known as the Battle of England ends with the defeat of Nazi Germany. This war lasts until October 31.
  • German attacks

    German attacks
    Germany invades Denmark and Norway. Denmark surrenders the same day of the attack; Norway holds up until June 9. Above all, the importance of finance in the modernization of military forces.
  • The Tripartite Pact

    The Tripartite Pact
    This was an agreement between Germany, Italy and Japan signed in Berlin. was directed primarily at the United States. Its practical effects were limited, since the Italo-German and Japanese operational theatres were on opposite sides of the world. Some technical cooperation was carried out, and the Japanese declaration of war on the United States propelled, although it did not require, a similar declaration of war from all the other signatories of the Tripartite Pact.
  • German victories

    German victories
    Slovakia (November 23), Hungary (November 20) and Romania (November 22) join the Axis. On March 1 of 1941 Bulgaria joins the Axis.
  • Germany attacks southest Europe

    Germany attacks southest Europe
    Germany, Italy, Hungary and Bulgaria invade and dismember Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia surrenders on April 17. Germany and Bulgaria invade Greece in support of the Italians. The resistance in Greece ceases at the beginning of June 1941.
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa
    Nazi Germany and its Axis partners invade the Soviet Union. Finland, which sought to redress the territorial losses of the armistice that ended the Winter War, joins the Axis just before the invasion. Together with the Finns, besieged Leningrad (St. Petersburg) in September. In the center, the Germans take Smolensk at the beginning of August and advance towards Moscow in October. In the south, German and Romanian troops take Kiev in September and take Rostov on the Don River in November.
  • Ustasha and the union to Germany

    Ustasha and the union to Germany
    The leaders of the Ustasha terrorist movement proclaim the so-called Independent State of Croatia. The new State, immediately recognized by Germany and Italy, includes the province of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Croatia formally joins the Axis powers on June 15, 1941.
  • Battle of Moscow

    Battle of Moscow
    A Soviet counter-offensive pushes the Germans outside Moscow in a chaotic retreat.
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

    Attack on Pearl Harbor
    It was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on Sunday morning. The attack, also known as the Battle of Pearl Harbor, led to the United States' formal entry into World War II.
  • War declaration by USA

    War declaration by USA
    The United States declares war on Japan and enters World War II. Japanese troops land in the Philippines, French Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia) and British Singapore. In April 1942, the Philippines, Indochina and Singapore are under Japanese occupation.
  • War declaration by Germany

    War declaration by Germany
    Nazi Germany and its Axis partners declare war on the United States.
  • Japanese offensives

    Japanese offensives
    The Japanese took the offensive to South-East Asia, occupied the colonies of France, Holland and the Philippines to defeat the allies in Singapore and Java.
  • Final Solution to the Jewish Question

    Final Solution to the Jewish Question
    This was the official code name for the murder of all Jews within reach, which was not restricted to the European continent. This policy of deliberate and systematic genocide starting across German-occupied Europe was formulated in procedural and geo-political terms in January 1942 at the Wannsee Conference held near Berlin, and culminated in the Holocaust, which saw the killing of 90% of Polish Jews.
  • Period: to


    They were joining more countries to this side and together they were recovering the lost territories until they beat the axis and end the war and the dictatorship
  • Bombing of Darwin

    Bombing of Darwin
    US troops slow the Japanese advance from island to island to Australia. 242 Japanese aircraft, in two separate raids, attacked the town, ships in Darwin's harbour and the town's two airfields in an attempt to prevent the Allies from using them as bases to contest the invasion of Timor and Java.
  • German offensive to Stalingrad

    German offensive to Stalingrad
    Germany and its Axis partners launch a new offensive in the Soviet Union. German troops fight to enter Stalingrad (Volgograd) on the Volga river in mid-September and penetrate deep into the Caucasus after securing the Crimean Peninsula. This lasts until September.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    This was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad. By the beginning of February 1943, the Axis forces in Stalingrad had exhausted their ammunition and food. The remaining units of the 6th Army surrendered and ended on February 2, 1943.
  • Soviet troops counter-attack

    Soviet troops counter-attack
    Soviet troops counter-attack, cross the lines of Hungary and Romania to the northwest and southwest of Stalingrad and trap the German Sixth Army in the city. With Hitler's ban on withdrawing or escaping from the Soviet siege, survivors of the Sixth Army surrender on January 30 and February 2, 1943.
  • Italian new government

    Italian new government
    The Grand Fascist Council deposes Benito Mussolini and allows the Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio to form a new government.
  • Italy under German control

    Italy under German control
    The Badoglio government surrenders unconditionally to the Allies. The Germans immediately take control of Rome and northern Italy, establishing a fascist puppet regime under the command of Mussolini, who is released from prison by German commandos on September 12.
  • Control of Sicily

    Control of Sicily
    The American and British troops disembark in Sicily. In mid-August, the Allies control Sicily.
  • Battle of Kiev

    Battle of Kiev
    Soviet troops liberate Kiev. The renamed Voronezh Front Offensive pushed the Germans back to the 1939 Polish border by 3 January 1944.
  • Battle of Anzio

    Battle of Anzio
    Allied troops successfully land near Anzio, immediately south of Rome. Lucas, who had confidence in the operation as planned, failed to capitalize on the element of surprise and delayed his advance until he judged his position was sufficiently consolidated and he had sufficient strength.
  • Hungrary's Minister

    Hungrary's Minister
    Fearing Hungary's intention to abandon the Axis alliance, the Germans occupy Hungary and force its regent, Admiral Miklos Horthy, to appoint a pro-German Prime Minister.
  • Rome liberation

    Rome liberation
    Allied troops liberate Rome. In six weeks, Anglo-American bombers are attacking targets in eastern Germany for the first time.
  • Operation Overlord

    Operation Overlord
    British and American troops successfully land on the shores of Normandy (France) and open a "second front" against the Germans.
  • Soviet advance

    Soviet advance
    The Soviets launch a massive offensive in eastern Belarus and destroy the German Army Group Center and advance westward towards the Vistula River off Warsaw, in central Poland, on August 1.
  • Movements of Anglo-American

    Movements of Anglo-American
    The Anglo-American forces leave the beachhead of Normandy and move rapidly eastwards towards Paris.
  • Warsaw liberation

    Warsaw liberation
    The clandestine non-communist National Army stands up against the Germans in an effort to liberate Warsaw before the arrival of Soviet troops. The Soviet advance stops at the east bank of the Vistula. On October 5, the Germans accepted the surrender of the remnants of the National Army forces that were fighting in Warsaw.
  • France, Belgium and Holland liberation

    France, Belgium and Holland liberation
    Allied troops arrive in Paris. On August 25, the French free forces, with the support of the allied troops, enter the French capital. In September, the Allies arrive at the German border. In December, almost all of France, most of Belgium and part of the south of Holland are liberated.
  • Greece, Albania and Yugoslavia liberation

    Greece, Albania and Yugoslavia liberation
    The appearance of the Soviet troops in the Prut river induces the Romanian opposition to overthrow the Antonescu regime. The new government concludes an armistice and immediately changes sides in the war. The change of Romanian position forces Bulgaria to surrender on September 8 and the Germans evacuate Greece, Albania and southern Yugoslavia in October.
  • Slovak rise up against Germans

    Slovak rise up against Germans
    Under the command of the Slovak National Council, formed by both communists and non-communists, the units of the Slovak underground resistance rise up against the Germans and the local Slovak fascist regime. On October 27, the Germans take Banská Bystrica, the headquarters of the uprising, and put an end to organized resistance.
  • Abandonment of Finland

    Abandonment of Finland
    Finland concludes an armistice with the Soviet Union and abandons the Axis alliance.
  • Kamikaze

    The Japanese convinced that leaving would be a dishonor they decided to create the suicide kamikazes. They were a part of the Japanese Special Attack Units of military aviators who initiated suicide attacks against Allied naval vessels, designed to destroy warships more effectively than possible with conventional air attacks.
  • Prevention of Hungary

    Prevention of Hungary
    The Hungarian fascist movement of the Arrow Cross carries out a coup with German support to prevent the Hungarian government from beginning negotiations to surrender to the Soviets.
  • Ardenennes Counteroffensive

    Ardenennes Counteroffensive
    The Germans launch a final offensive in the west, known as the Battle of the Bulge, in an attempt to reconquer Belgium and divide the Allied forces stationed along the German border. On January 1, 1945, the Germans are in retreat.
  • Liberation of east and center of Europe

    Liberation of east and center of Europe
    The Soviets launch a new offensive, liberate Warsaw and Krakow in January; on February 13, after a two-month siege, they take Budapest; at the beginning of April, the Germans and their Hungarian collaborators are expelled from Hungary; on April 4, with the capture of Bratislava, they force Slovakia to surrender; and they take Vienna on April 13.
  • Battle of Okinawa

    Battle of Okinawa
    Allied troops conquer Okinawa, the last island before reaching the Japanese islands. The initial invasion was the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific Theater of World War. The 82-day battle lasted until June 22, 1945.
  • Soviet's final offensive

    Soviet's final offensive
    The Soviets launch their final offensive and surround Berlin and collapse occurs
  • Italian peninsula liberation

    Italian peninsula liberation
    Mussolini was captured and executed, and the entire Italian peninsula was liberated.
  • Death of Mussolini

    Death of Mussolini
    In late April 1945, in the wake of near total defeat, Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci attempted to flee to Switzerland, but both were captured by Italian communist partisans and summarily executed by firing squad on 28 April 1945 near Lake Como. His body was then taken to Milan, where it was hung upside down at a service station to publicly confirm his demise.
  • Hitler's suicide

    Hitler's suicide
    Soviet troops were within a block or two of the Reich Chancellery when Hitler shot himself in the head and Braun bit into a cyanide capsule. Their bodies were carried outside to the garden behind the Reich Chancellery, where they were placed in a bomb crater, doused with petrol, and set on fire as the Red Army shelling continued
  • Surrender of Germany

    Surrender of Germany
    Germany surrenders to the Western Allies, Berlin capitulates. On days 7-8 the unconditional surrender of the Third Reich is signed and in 9 go May, Germany surrender to the soviets.
  • Anglo-American bombings to Germany

    Anglo-American bombings to Germany
    The British bomb Köln (Cologne) and take the war for the first time to the interior of Germany. For the next three years, the Anglo-American bombings reduced German cities to rubble. It lasts until May of 1945.
  • Hiroshima

    United States launches an atomic bomb in Hiroshima. A number of military units were located nearby, the most important of which was the headquarters of Field Marshal Shunroku Hata's Second General Army, which commanded the defense of all of Southern Japan, and was located at Hiroshima Castle. the invading Allies would suffer between 1.7 and 4 million casualties in such a scenario, of whom between 400,000 and 800,000 would be dead, while Japanese fatalities would have been around 5 to 10 million.
  • Japanese invasion

    Japanese invasion
    The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Manchuria. Japan's ongoing industrialization and militarization ensured their growing dependence on oil and metal imports from the US. The American sanctions which prevented trade with the United States (which had occupied the Philippines around the same time) resulted in Japan furthering their expansion in the territory of China and Southeast Asia
  • Nagasaki

    United States launches an atomic bomb in Nagasaki that was bombed on a small scale five times. On the day of the nuclear explosion, 263,000 people lived in the city.
    In less than a second after the detonation, the north of the city was destroyed and it is estimated that between 39,000 and 80,000 people died. Today 450,000 people live in that city.
  • End of the WWII

    End of the WWII
    Japan, having agreed in principle to unconditional surrender on August 14, 1945, formally surrenders and ends the Second World War.