APUSH - Period 7 (Part 4) By Danielle_F 1939 Manhattan Project Began The U.S. was scared that Germany would build nuclear weapons during WWII so the U.S. started the Manhattan Project. Atomic bomb was created. Sep 1, 1939 Nazi Germany Invaded Poland This is what initially started WWII. A deal was broken when Germany invades, which leading to Great Britain and France declaring war (WWII). Sep 3, 1939 Sitzkrieg A time of stillness in Europe after the Poland invasion. German soldiers sat st the border of France for some time. May 10, 1940 France Fell to Germany Germany captures 400,000+ French and British troops, and France gave in when Italy came into to war sided with Germany. Enhancing Hitler's control. Jul 10, 1940 Battle of Britain Fights between Britain and Germany that took place in the air. Sep 2, 1940 Destroyers-for-Bases Deal A deal between the U.S. and Great Britain to move destroyers from the Navy, and earn rights on land in Britain. Sep 4, 1940 American First Committee Launched The focus of American defense and supporting that the U.S not get into war. Sep 16, 1940 Congress Instituted the Draft The draft came with the Selective Training and Service Act marking the United States's first peaceful draft. Jan 6, 1941 Four Freedoms Roosevelt's attempt to persuade American to help Great Britain against Germany. Mar 11, 1941 Lend-Lease Made it so that sale and loans of material in war were allowed for the countries that defended the United States. Oct 17, 1941 USS Kearny Attacked Kearny is one of many U.S. boats that were attacked by Germany, but the USS Kearny didn't sink. Oct 31, 1941 Reuben James Sank This ship was sunk by a German U-boat. The attack killed many U.S. sailors and the Congress finally let the U.S take arms at sea for protection. Dec 7, 1941 Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor Japan attacked because they didn't want to United States to attack them, and to take countries in the Southeast of Asia, but the U.S declared war right after the attack. Jan 7, 1942 Battle of Bataan The U.S. retreat to Bataan after a Japanese bombing, and there they stay for a couple of months. Apr 9, 1942 Bataan Death March The imprisoned from Bataan were sent to walk around 80 miles with little food or water, and were beaten if fell out of line. Apr 26, 1942 Island Hopping Campaign Begins Used to take control over islands by the U.S. to invade Japanese islands May 4, 1942 Battle of Coral Sea This it the first stopped Japanese advancement even though the Battle effected the United States more. Jun 4, 1942 Battle of Midway The Americans assisted in a huge victory for their Allies and Japan suffered a great lost. Jul 17, 1942 Battle of Stalingrad German troops were beat terribly while they were trying to take over an industrial port city in the Volga River. Jan 14, 1943 Casablanca Conference A meet between Franklin D Roosevelt and Winston Churchill with an deal to advance the Pacific war and take of Sicily, Italy. Jan 14, 1943 Battle on El Alamein Great Britain wins against Germany having the Suez Canal under Great Britain's wing. Nov 28, 1943 Tehran Conference Churchill wanted to take over Balkans to end the expansion of communism Roosevelt along with Stalin did not agree. Jun 6, 1944 D-Day Allies landed in France to start a second front with Germany and the invasion made the German retreat from France. Oct 20, 1944 MacArthur Returned to the Philippines General Douglas Mac Arthur left the Philippines after japan took over, n before he left he vowed to return and liberate the islands. Dec 16, 1944 Battle of the Bulge Fight between Allied powers and Germans this was the last war before Germany surrenders. One of the deadliest battles involving American troops. Jan 20, 1945 FDR Elected To A 4th Term FDR was the only president that was elected to 3 terms in office. Feb 4, 1945 Yalta Conference Another meeting between Franklin, Winston, and Joseph. Russia declared war on Jan after Germany surrenders, and FDR and Churchill promise land that was lost in the Russo-Japanese War. Feb 19, 1945 Battle of Iwo Jima Helped push the United States effort to take over islands that were small. Apr 1, 1945 Battle of Okinawa An island close the Japan used to help defeated Japan and win the war. Apr 12, 1945 FDR died/ Harry Truman Becomes President After FDR dies Harry Truman becomes the 33rd president and Germany surrenders marking the end of WWII May 8, 1945 VE Day Russian troops entered the German border and Hitler commits suicide after the troops took over Berlin. Germany then surrendered marking the victory in Europe. Jul 17, 1945 Potsdam Conference This meeting between Stalin, Churchill, and Truman marked the end of the wartime alliance. Aug 6, 1945 Little Boy Dropped on Hiroshima The United States dropped the atomic bomb "Little Boy" on Hiroshima 160,000+ people died within months of the bombing. Aug 9, 1945 Fat Man Dropped on Nagasaki 3 days after the bombing in Hiroshima, another bomb was dropped in Nagasaki called "Fat Man" there was minimal damage but it still shook up the citizen of Japan. Aug 14, 1945 VJ Day The day that japan stops fighting after numerous bombings marking victory over Japan. Nov 20, 1945 Nuremberg Trials A number of military court meet held by Allied forces post WWII to advance members of political and economic leadership. Mar 11, 1948 Japanese War Crime Trials Japanese military and officials of the government are accused of committing crimes against humanity during WWII.