WWII Time Chain

  • Japan Invades China

    Japan Invades China
    -Chinese Front
    -Japan invades Manchuria and occupies it until the end of WWII.
    -Word of atrocities committed by the Japanese created American animosity towards Japan
  • Anschluss

    -European Theater
    -Nazi Germany annexes Austria
    -No countries challenged Hitler so he expanded his aggression into the Sudetenland
  • Occupation of the Sudetenland

    Occupation of the Sudetenland
    -European Theater
    -Hitler annexes the Sudetenland, claiming Czechoslovakia is persecuting Germans there.
    -Bolstered Hitler's lust for land and allowed him to continue to take over Europe
  • Invasion of Poland

    Invasion of Poland
    -European Theater
    -German and Russian invasion of Poland
    -Started WWII in Europe
  • Phoney War

    Phoney War
    -European Theater
    -8 month period of little fighting between the Allied declaration of war and the German Blitzkrieg
    -Allowed Hitler to build up defenses
  • Invasion of Denmark and Norway

    Invasion of Denmark and Norway
    -European Theater
    -Germany invades Denmark and Norway in order to preemptively stop the Allies from doing so
    -Norway used to prepare for Operation Barbarossa
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    -European Theater
    -German air campaign to bomb the British mainland
    -Established Britain as a real contender in the war
  • Invasion of Indo-China

    Invasion of Indo-China
    -Chinese Theater
    -Japan invades French Indochina to stop China from importing goods for their war effort
    -Japan grows in Asia and the US becomes more concerned at their expansion
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa
    -European Theater
    -German invasion of Russia
    -Turned USSR into an Ally and started the most deadly part of the conflict
  • Battle of Moscow

    Battle of Moscow
    -European Theater
    -Germans try to take Moscow, but are stopped and repelled by the Russians
    -Eastern Front is pushed back and Hitler puts himself in control of the Wehrmacht
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    -Pacific Theater
    -Japanses aerial attack on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
    -Brought the US into WWII
  • Battle of the Coral Sea

    Battle of the Coral Sea
    -Pacific Theater
    -The Japanese attempted to occupy Port Moresby and US vessels intercepted. No aircraft carriers ever actually saw the enemy.
    -First Japanese defeat in the Pacific and first engagement between aircraft carriers
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    -Pacific Theater
    -US naval forces defeat a Japanese fleet at Midway Atoll
    -Most of Japan's carriers were sunk and they could not recooperate their losses
  • Battle of El Alamein

    Battle of El Alamein
    -Mediterranean Theater
    -Allied attack on Axis positions at El Alamein, dangerously close to Egypt's harbors
    -Kept the Axis out of Egypt and her ports
  • Battle of Guadalcanal

    Battle of Guadalcanal
    -Pacific Theater
    -US Marines landed on the island of Guadalcanal to gain control of Henderson Airfield and disrupt Japanses supply routes. They repelled Japanese counter attacks as well.
    -The beginning of Allied offensives in the Pacific
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    -European Theater
    -Close quarters fighting in the Russian city of Stalingrad which the Russians vow not to lose. The Germans lose.
    -The Germans are pushed back and never regain their footing on the Eastern front.
  • Operation Torch

    Operation Torch
    -Mediterranean Theater
    -Allied invasion of North Africa
    -First combined forces operation of America and Britain
  • Invasion of Italy

    Invasion of Italy
    -Mediterranean Theater
    -Allied invasion of Italy and Sicily
    -Removed Italy from the war
  • D-Day

    -European Theater
    -Invasion of France at the beaches of Normandy
    -Established Allied foothold in Western Europe
  • Battle of Leyte Gulf

    Battle of Leyte Gulf
    -Pacific Theater
    -US and Australian trrops invade the island of Leyte and Japan sends its strongest Navy to fight. Japan loses most of its force.
    -Japan reaches the peak of it's navy, it will never be the same size as it was before this battle.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    -European Theater
    -Last-ditch German offensive at the Ardennes in Belgium. American forces hold the city of Bastogne and maintain the line.
    -Last major German assault
  • Battle of Iwo Jima

    Battle of Iwo Jima
    -Pacific Theater
    -American invasion of the island of Iwo Jima and it's three airfields. There were many entrenched Japanese making this a costly battle for the US
    -Provided a US airfield even closer to Japan and raised morale with the iconic flag raising photograph on the top of Mount Suribachi
  • Battle of Okinawa

    -Pacific Theater
    -Large scale amphibious invasion of the Ryukyu islands. Okinawa provided a strategic location from which an invasion of Japan could be launched.
    -Ferocity of fighting led to atomic bombings to avoid more action of the same kind
  • Battle of Berlin

    Battle of Berlin
    -European Theater
    -Russian assault on Berlin
    -End of the war in Europe as German troops surrendered to American forces
  • VE Day

    VE Day
    -European Theater
    -German surrender to the Allied powers
    -War in Europe officially over
  • Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima

    Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima
    -Pacific Theater
    -Atomic bomb dropped on Japanese city of Hiroshima. Almost entirely civilian casualties.
    -First use of an atomic bomb on an enemy. Forced Japan to surrender after Nagasaki.
  • VJ Day

    VJ Day
    -Pacific Theater
    -Japan surrenders to the Allies
    -WWII comes to a close.
  • Nuremberg Trials

    Nuremberg Trials
    -European Theater
    -Military tribunals of Nazi officials for The Holocaust and other war crimes
    -Conviction and execution of many Nazi leaders