World War Two Period

  • Winston Churchill was born.

    Winston Churchill was the son of Randolph Churchill and Jennie Jerome. For a brief period of his childhood, Churchill lived in Dublin, where his grandfather was appointed Viceroy. Churchill had a speech impediment for most of his childhood that he worked hard to overcome. Eventually, he became a very successful orator. Churchill attended the Royal Military College, and chose to be in the calvary.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt was born.

    Franklin D. Roosevelt became the 32nd U.S. president in 1933, and was the only president to be elected four times. Before that, Roosevelts had been prominent for several generations, having made their fortune in real estate and trade. Roosevelt led the United States through the Great Depression and World War II, and greatly expanded the powers of the federal government through a series of programs and reforms known as the New Deal.
  • Benito Mussolini was born.

    Benito Mussolini founder the Fascist party in 1919, eventually making himself dictator prior to World War II, until being killed in 1945. Mussolini was an ardent socialist as a kid. His fascist party held all the power once he became dictator.
  • Harry S. Truman was born.

    Truman grew up on the family farm in Independence, Missouri, and did not attend college. Truman was Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s vice president for just 82 days before Roosevelt died and Truman became the 33rd president. In his first months in office he dropped the atomic bomb on Japan, ending World War II. His policy of communist containment started the Cold War, and he initiated U.S. involvement in the Korean War.
  • Adolf Hitler was born.

    Born in Braunau am Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889, Hitler was the son of a fifty-two-year-old Austrian, Alois Schickelgruber Hitler, and Klara Poelzl. The young Hitler was a resentful, discontented child. Moody, lazy, of unstable temperament, he was deeply hostile towards his strict, authoritarian father and strongly attached to his indulgent, hard-working mother. Hitler was the founder of the Nazi Party.
  • Victory Gardens

    Gardens planted at residences and public parks in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada and Germany during both World Wars to reduce the pressure on the public food supply brought on by the war effort.
  • Veron Baker was born.

    The youngest of three children. He Fought in Italy, earned a Purple Heart, a Bronze Star and the Distinguished Service Cross. In 1996, more than fifty years after the assault on Castle Aghinolfi, he received a telephone call from a man working on a federal grant to reevaluate the heroism of blacks in World War II. It was during this phone call Baker learned he was to be awarded the Medal of Honor. Baker is the only living black World War II veteran to earn the Medal of Honor.
  • Audie Murphy was born.

    Audie Murphy became a national hero during WWII as the most decorated combat soldier of the war. Among his 33 awards was the Congressional Medal of Honor, the highest award for bravery that a soldier can receive. In addition, he was also decorated for bravery by the governments of France and Belgium, and was credited with killing over 240 German soldiers and wounding and capturing many more. He also came an actor after the war.
  • U.S. declares Neutrality

    The United States never officially declared themselves neutral during the Second World War. It was determined that trading with the warring nations at the time was what brought them into the war. To make sure that American soldiers were never again dragged into a European conflict they passed a series of laws known as the Neutrality Acts. The first Neutrality Act, stating that the United States could not trade arms and other war materials to any party participating in a war, was passed in 1935.
  • Rape of Nanking

    Was a mass murder that occurred during a six-week period following the Japanese capture of the city of Nanking on December 13, 1937. During this period, hundreds of thousands of Chinese civilians and disarmed soldiers were murdered by soldiers of the Japanese Army. Along with a widespread rape and looting. Historians and witnesses have estimated that 250,000 to 300,000 people were killed during this “Rape”.
  • Nazism

    Hitler saw democracy as a destabilizing force, because it placed power in the hands of ethnic minorities, who he claimed had incentives to further "weaken and destabilize" the Empire.
    The Nazi rationale was heavily invested in the militarist belief that great nations grow from military power, which in turn grows "naturally" from "rational, civilized cultures."
  • Dictators, who are they and what do they do?

    A Dictator is a ruler who assumes sole and absolute power.
    Adolf Hitler of Germany
    Benito Mussolini of Italy
    Hideki Tojo, prime minister of Japan
    Josef Stalin, the dictator of the USSR
  • Fascism, what is it and why is it related to WWII?

    A political philosophy, movement, or regime (as that of the Fascisti) that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition.
    Fascism had the largest effect on Italy and Germany.
  • Propaganda

    Information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, and miscellaneous. America during WW2 was a huge propaganda by making flyers about the war.
  • Women’s roles in WWII

    -Everything basically
  • Period: to

    World War II

    Info and history over the period that WWII took place.
  • Lend Lease Act

    Was the principal means for providing U.S. military aid to foreign nations during World War II. The act authorized the president to transfer arms or any other defense materials for which Congress appropriated money to "the government of any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States."
  • Pearl Harbor

    Was a surprise military strike conducted by the Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941. The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan.
  • War Bonds and Rationing

    The government found it necessary to ration food, gas, and even clothing during that time. Americans were asked to conserve on everything. With not a single person unaffected by the war, rationing meant sacrifices for all. Rationing would deeply affect the American way of life for most. Bonds were asked to purchased by people to help fund the war. Stamps also could be purchased, starting at 10 cents each, to save toward the bond.
  • Japanese-American Interment Camps

    President Roosevelt signed an executive order in February 1942 ordering the relocation of all Americans of Japanese ancestry to concentration camps in the interior of the United States. They were put in these camps because they were deemed a "threat" to national security. They were also easily identifiable due to their race. There was no similar large-scale roundups of German or Italian-Americans, even though we were also fighting them during World War II.
  • The Office of War Information (OWI)

    Created to served as an important U.S. government propaganda agency during World War II. During 1942 and 1943, the OWI contained two photographic units: 1, a section headed by Roy Emerson Stryker and 2, the News Bureau (the units were merged during 1943). The photographers in both units documented America's mobilization during the early years of World War II, concentrating on such topics as aircraft factories and women in the workforce.
  • Fire Bombing of Dresden

    a series of Allied firebombing raids begins against the German city of Dresden, reducing the "Florence of the Elbe" to rubble and flames, and killing as many as 135,000 people. It was the single most destructive bombing of the war. This added to the German's surendering.