World War II Timeline_IJensen

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    Japanses Invasion of Manchuria

    The Japanese invasion of Manchuria was on the sole reason of gaining resources. They also conducted biological experiments on Chinese civilians for a biological war. Thousands of civilians have died in the invasion, and they have controlled Manchuria until the end of the war.
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    The Holocaust

    The Holocaust was a name given to the mass genocide of the Jews in Europe. 11 million Jews, and non-Jews were killed by the Nazi Regime and its collaborators. Although many Jews fought back, such as the French Resistance and the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, the Nazis still tried to find them and put them in Concentration Camps. Concentration Camps were camps that held Jews and non-Jews captive and sent them to their death for just being Jews.
  • Munchen Agreement

    The Munchen Agreement was an agreement that allowed Germany to settle certain regions of the Czechoslovakia. Today it is widely known as a failed act of appeasment towards Germany, because they eventually took all of Czechoslovakia.
  • Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (Non-Aggression Pact)

    This Non-Aggression Pact was between Germany and the Soviet Union. This allowed the invasion of Poland to happen. Eventually, Germany went against this pact and invaded the Soviet Union with Operation Barbarossa, which was a failure.
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    Invasion of Poland

    Poland was not just invaded by Germany, but also invaded by the Soviet Union. Germany and the Soviet Union signed an non-aggression pact beforing invading to allow a quick invasion occur. Later on eventually, the Non-Aggression Pact no longer applied and Germany and the Soviet Union were at war.
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    Blitzkrieg is a way of warfare that used mechanized units as the vanguard of their assualt to destroy the enemies defenses at a certain point and allowing their infantry to get behind the enemy's line through a gap and attack from the rear that the mechanized unit created. This type of warfare is now used in current military tactics.
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    Battle of Britain (Operation Sea Lion)

    The Battle of Britain was a combination of multiple air engagements between the British Royal Air Force and the German Luftwaffe. During this battle, all of the lower region of England near the English Channel, bombing London and all the towns and cities near it. Thousands of civilians have died during bombings and fires caused by the bombs. Although Winston Churchill kept his country thriving for victory.
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    Lend-Lease Act

    The Lend-Lease Act, was a program that the United States enacted that allowed supplies such as food, water and oil to countries such as the Soviet Union, China, Great Britain and France. The supplies were free, but some hardware such as weapons, vehicles and ships were returned back to the United States.
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    Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa was the invasion of the Soviet Union by the Germany Army and Air Force. Around 4 million Axis soldiers were deployed to the front, making this the largest invasion in the history of warfare. The operation was a failure because of the harsh Russian Winter that stalled the Germany Army on the outskirts of Moscow.
  • Pearl Harbor

    On December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy attacked the United States Navy Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The Japanese sent 2 waves of aircraft that had specific targerts for groups within each wave. Torpedo bombers attacked the USN ships at their main staging point, while standard bombers attacked Ford Island and other airfields on the island of Oahu. After the battle, two battleships were destroyed and several other ships were damaged. 2,403 Navy personel lost their lives.
  • Bataan Death March

    The Bataan Death March was a 97 kilometer march from Saisaih Port and Mariveles to Camp O'Donnell. 60,000 to 80,000 POW's walked this route, and around 21,600 of them never made it to their destination.
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    Battle of Midway (Operation MI)

    The Battle of Midway was a decisive American victory. The Imperial Japanese Navy intended to destroy the United States Pacific Fleet, like they tried to do at Pearl Harbor, but led to the destruction of their own fleet.
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    Battle of Stalingrad

    The Battle of Stalingrad was a major victory for the Soviet Union. This battle was one of the bloodiest battle in the history of warfare. 1.7 to 2 million German and Soviet soldiers died during this battle. The primary goal of the German Army was to take the city, to use it as a staging point for taking over the oil fields in the lower region of Russia.
  • Operation Neptune (D-Day)

    The invasion that changed the war. 156,000 American, British and Canadian troops landed on the shores of Normandy, breaking through the German lines and creating a foot hold in Northern Europe. There are 4,414 confirmed deaths of Allied forces on that day and 10,000 wounded.
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    Battle of the Bulge (Unternehmen Wacht am Rhein)

    The Battle of the Bulge was a major German offensive that took place in the Ardennes region of Wallonia in Belgium. The primary goal for the German Army was to retake a major port city of Antwerp. At the end of the battle, the American Army had 89,500 wounded and dead, while the German Army had 67.000 to 100,000 wounded, dead or missing. This was a major defeat to the German Army.
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    Battle of Iwo Jima (Operation Detachment)

    The Battle of Iwo Jima was a major battle, because Iwo Jima was Japanese soil, they were fighting on their home front. This island was a strategic point from where the Armerican Air Force could launch bombers from to attack mainland Japan. The Japanese Imperial Army fought with everything they had to defend this island, but eventually lost because of heavy loses. The United States Marines lost 6,821 men and the Imperial Army lost 18,844 men.
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    Battle of Okinawa (Operation Iceberg)

    The Battle of Okinawa was the last final land battle that took place in the Pacific Theatre. The United States Marine Corps landed on the beaches of Okinawa, battled for every inch of the island, searched every cave and hiding spot to find every Imperial Japanese soldier.
  • V-E Day (Victory-Europe Day)

    Victory Europe Day, is the day that the Allies forces won against the German Army. The Soviet Army successfully taken Berlin in a fierce battle that eventually led Hitler into suicide. He did not want the Soviets to take him alive and put him up against a firing squad.
  • Atomic bombing of Hiroshima

    Hiroshima was the first city to be bombed with an Atomic bomb. The plane that dropped the "Little Boy" was called the Enola Gay, commanded by Colonel Paul Tibbets.
  • Atomic bombing of Nagasaki

    Nagasaki was the second city bombed with an Atomic bomb. The plane that dropped "Fat Man" was called Bockscar. Bockscar was commanded by Major Charles Sweeney.
  • V-J Day (Victory-Japan Day)

    Victory-Japan Day is the day that Japan officially surrendered to the Allies forces and ending World War II. The signing of the document that ended the war wsa taken place on the USS Missouri, which is now a historical monument in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
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    Warsaw Pact

    The Warsaw Pact was a treaty among eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War. This pact is similar to NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.