World War II Timeline

By s-mtsai
  • Great Deperession beings

    Great Deperession beings
    It was a plunge in stock market prices that marked the beginning of the Great Depression. The Great Depression is known as the serious and world-wide economic decline of the 1930s. This happened on October 29, 1929.
  • Japan Conquers Manchuria in Northern China

    September 19, 1931 was when Japan conquered Manchuria in northern China.
  • Hitler Becomes Chancellor of

    Hitler Becomes Chancellor of
    Hitler becomes Chancellor of German on 1933. He then “Nazified” Germany, removing any potential opposition and other groups in Germany. He tried to exterminate all Jews alive during the war.
  • Roosevelt first elected president

    Roosevelt first elected president
    Roosevelt is elected on March 4, 1933. He was the president of America during World War II. He also counter acted the effects of the Great Depression.
  • Nuremberg Laws

    Nuremberg Laws
    They were laws that made Jew do certain things to show that they were Jews. The laws required the Jews to wear stars on their shirts and marriage between Jews and Germans, or any German related blood, were forbidden.
  • Hitler & Mussolini form the Rome-Berlin Axis

    Signed a formal alliance known as the Rome-Berlin Axis on October 21, 1936.
  • Japan Joins Axis Powers

    Japan joins the Axis Powers on November 25, 1936.
  • Japan Invades China

    Japan invades China on July 7, 1937.
  • Germany Invades Austria

    Germany Invades Austria
    Germany invades Austria on March 12, 1938. A union between Germany and Austria had been forbidden under the terms of the Versailles Treaty. Austrian Jews lost their rights after Hitler entered Vienna in triumph.
  • Britain’s appeasement of Germany

    Britain’s appeasement of Germany
    Started on September 24, 1938. Appeasement was used by the countries to avoid war with dictatorships of Germany and Italy. Hitler thinks the word “appeasement” is often used as a synonym of weakness and cowardice.
  • Kristallnacht

    It happened on November 9-10, 1938. It is known as crystal night in the English language. About 91 Jews were killed in the attacks, and 30,000 were arrested and incarcerated in concentration camps.
  • Germany & Soviet Union have a nonaggression pact

    On August 23, 1939
  • Germany invades Poland - blitzkrieg

    Germany invades Poland - blitzkrieg
    Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. German forces drove deep into Poland using a new method of warfare called blitzkrieg which means lightning war. Germany conquered Poland in less than a month.
  • Germany invades Denmark, Norway, Belgium, and France (Vichy France)

    German conquered Denmark and took Norway in April of 1940. They then invaded Belgium with blitzkrieg.
  • German air force (Luftwaffe) bombs London and other civilian targets in the Battle of Britain

    They bombed London and other civilians on July 10, 1940.
  • Lend-Lease Act

    Lend-Lease Act
    March 11, 1941 Roosevelt approved the act to allow the U.S. to lend or lease money to Allies. The act effectively ended the United States’ act of neutrality.
  • Tuskegee Airmen

    Tuskegee Airmen
    The Tuskegee Airmen was a popular name of a group of African-American pilots that fought in World War II. They came into the U.S. Army Air Forces on June 20, 1941 Before any of them became pilots, they were racially motivated rejections of World War I African-American recruits who wished to enlist and train as military aviators.
  • Germany invades the Soviet Union

    On June 22, 1941
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941 by Japan. The attack brought the United States into World War II.
  • The Nazis implement the “Final Solution”

    The Nazis implement the “Final Solution”
    The Final Solution was Nazi Germany’s plan during World War II for Jewish people the destructions of Jewish communities in Europe. Documents would describe the plan as to for the Jews to be forced out of immigration from German territory.
  • Bataan Death March

    Bataan Death March
    This began on April 9, 1942 where the forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 6-80,000 Filipino and American prisons of the war. The march route started in Mariveles, Bataan to San Fernando, Pampanga. The march was 128km or 80 miles.
  • Rosie the Riveter

    Rosie the Riveter
    She was a cultural icon of the U.S. representing the American women who worked in factories during WWII. Women during that time took entirely new jobs replacing the male workers who went to the military. The name “Rosie the Riveter” was first used in 1942 in a song.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    The battle lasted from June 4-7, 1942. It was the most important naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II. The U.S. Navy decisively defeated an Imperial Japanese Navy attack against Midway Atoll, and caused irreparable damage on the Japanese Fleet.
  • British forces stop the German advance at El Alamein

    The first battle was July 1-27, 1942. The second battle was October 23 – November 11, 1942.
  • Japanese-American incarceration

    Japanese-American incarceration
    This was the World War II internment camps of about 110,000 people of Japanese heritage who lived on the Pacific coast of the U.S. The U.S. government ordered the interment in 1942 after the attack of Pearl Harbor.
  • Guadalcanal

    This is a tropical island in the South-Western Pacific. The battle there was named Operation Watchtower. This happened on August 7, 1942 – February 9, 1943
  • German forces surrender at Stalingrad

    German forces surrender at Stalingrad
    The battle started in the summer of 1942. The German forces at Stalingrad, led by Von Paulus, surrendered on January 31, 1943.
  • D-Day

    This was a day on which a combat attack from the U.S. was initiated. This happened on June 6, 1944 which was the best known D-Day invading Normandy.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    This was a major German offensive launched through a densely forest. It lasted from December 16, 1944 to January 25, 1945. It was also known as Hitler’s final assault after the defeat at Stalingrad.
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    This conference was held on February 4-11, 1945. This was the WWII meeting of the heads of government from the U.S., U.K., and Soviet Union.
  • Iwo Jima

    Iwo Jima
    The Battle of Iwo Jima happened from February 19 - March 26, 1945. This was a major battle in which the U.S. Armed Forces fought for and captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Japanese Empire.
  • Okinawa

    The battle of Okinawa lasted from April 1 to Jun 22, 1945. This was the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific War of WWII.
  • Roosevelt dies, Truman becomes president

    Roosevelt dies, Truman becomes president
    Roosevelt dies on April 12, 1945. Truman becomes president on April 12, 1945.
  • Allied forces advance on Berlin, Germany surrenders

    Allied forces advance on Berlin, Germany surrenders
    The Battle of Berlin happened on April 16 – May 2, 1945. This resulted in the suicide of Adolf Hitler and other high-ranking Nazi officials.
  • Formation of the United Nations

    This happened on April 25, 1945-50 where the nations met in San Francisco to discuss a new peacekeeping organization to replace the weak and ineffective League of Nations. President Roosevelt had urged Americans not to turn their backs on the world again. Unlike the League of Nations, the U.S. is a member of the United Nations.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Happened on July 17 – August 2, 1945 where the Allies held the Potsdam conference to plan the war’s end. The decision was made to put Nazi war criminals on trial.
  • Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima & Nagasaki

    Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima & Nagasaki
    This happened on August 6-9, 1945. The first bomb occurred when Japan refused to surrender. The second bomb occurred after Japan had refused to surrender after the first atomic bomb.
  • Japanese officials sign an official letter of surrender on the U.S.S. Missouri, ending World War II

    They surrendered on September 2, 1945.
  • Nuremberg Trials

    This occurred on November 20, 1945 to October 1, 1946 where 24 defendants including some of Hitler’s top officials took charge. Hermann Gorring was the creator and head Gestapo. 19 people were found guilty during the trial and 12 were sentenced to death.
  • Manhattan Project

    Manhattan Project
    The project lasted from 1942-1946. This was a research development project of the U.S. to produce the first atomic bombs during WWII. The project consisted of the best scientist team from the whole world.
  • Marshall Plan

    This happened in 1947 where Congress approved Secretary of State George Marshall’s plan to help boost European economies. The U.S. gave more than 13 billion dollars to help the nations of Europe get back on their feet.