Cold War timeline: Sarah Deem

  • Unification of Germany

    The Unification changed Germany into a politically and adiministrative integrated nation state. The unification exposed several glaring religious, linguistic, social and cultural differences. All differences were pointed out to the new nation.
  • Period: to

    Cold War

    The Marshall Plan was a plan to rebuild the economies and spirits of the Western Europe, most of the plan. 16 nations became part of the program and shaped the assistance provided by ECA of
  • The Yalta Conference 1945

    The Yalta Conference is the second wartime meeting of the British Prime Minister Winston Churhill, with Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin and President Roosevelt are all three leaders that agreed to demand Germany's unconditional surrender. They began plans for a post- war world. Stalin agreed to allow free election in Eastern Europe and to enter the Asian War against Japan. (historychannel)
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman asked for the United States to asist Greece and Turkey to forestall communist dominations of 2 nations. He had requested $400 million in asistance for the 2 nations. Congress had approved his request 2 months later. (historychannel)
  • Period: to

    The Marshall Plan (1948-1952)

    The Marshall Plan was a plan to rebuild the economies and spirits of the Western Europe, most of the plan. 16 nations became part of the program and shaped the assistance provided by ECA of the U.S.. European Nations recieved about 13 million in AID, which was from Shipments resulting from food, staples, fuel, and machinery from the U.S. Later then, the investments in industrial capacity in Europe, funding ended in 1951. The Marshall Plan was a great way in the economic recovery .(marshallfoundi
  • Berlin Airlift

    Russian closed all highways, railroads and canals, because they wanted Berlin all for themselves. They thought it would help drive out Britian, France, and the United States for when they needed to get supplies. However it didn't work, they began to be supplied by aircrafts from sectors known as, "Berlin Airlift." This lasted moe than
  • NATO

    NATO (North Treaty Organization) was formed by the United States and Belguim, Britian, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Norway, and Portugal. The NATO is a primarily security pact, with Article 5 stating military attacks against any signorities. United States secretary of state, Dean A. signed the document. The document had reflected change in American foreign policy.
  • USSR Atomic Bomb

    A remote test site in Kazakhstan, USSR successfully detonates first atomic bomb. They created a test area with buildings and animals as well. Soviet Physicist's were honored and gave achievement awards.
  • Korean war (Begins)

    Armed forces of North Korea communist set off war with South Korea. Starting the Korean War. The United States was defense on South Korea fighting with them 3 years. June 25, 1950 North Korea surprised the South Korea army and small United States force heading toward the capital city of Seoul.
  • Rosenburg Spy Case

    Julius and Ethel Rosenburg a married couple are convicted for conspircy to commit espionage in 1951, they are put to the electric chair as punishment. Most controversial espionage case of the cold war. They were accused of heading a spy ring that gave top-secret information concering atomic bomb, to the Soviet Union. Julius and Ethel denied any part of the spy ring. April 5, 1951 they were put to death. There 2 sons were left alone.
  • Khruschev (begins to rise)

    Khrushchev took advantage of mediocre Malenkov, he created a coalition renounce Malenkov's post as 1st secretary, it controlled party apparatus in Soviet Union. After, a new position was created called five-men secretariat. September 1953 he became secretary in the communist party. March 1958, he took power of the office of premier himself. Will he had power he created tension with United States and Soviet Union.
  • East Germany (Uprising)

    Riots in East Berlin broke out among construction workers, who took to the streets on June 16, 1953 to increase work schedules by communist government of East Germany. The next day, a crowd of workers and anti-government dissidents had grown between 30,000 and 50,000. June 17 protests had shattered and relative calm was restored.
  • Korean War (Ends)

    After fighting for 3 years United States, People's Republic of China, North Korea, and South Korea agreed to an armistice. It created limited war. New borders were drawn between North Korea and South Korea. South Korea recieved some land and demilitariezed the zone between 2 nations.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Countries that joined the USSR alliance were Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), Hungary, Poland and Romania. The Pact mainly focused on the objective to creating a coordinated defense among its member nations. They provided a mechanism for Soviets to exercise tighter control on Communist States in Eastern Europe.
  • Hungarian (uprising)

    2 weeks of Hungary being in protest and political instability. Soviet tanks and troops took down the protests, thousands of innocent people were killed and wounded. A quarter million fled from the Country. It started with protesters demanding a more democratic political system and freedom.
  • Sputnik

    A tiny satellite is launched into outerspace to orbit the Earth. The Americans react with dismay because they believe the Soviets have gone so far ahead of them with their technology. The Americans also, fear the Soviets new invention.
  • U2 incident

    American U2 spy plane shot down during espionage over Soviet Union. Incident derailed am important summit meeting between President Dwight Eisen and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev.
  • Bay of Pigs

    Invasion began through CIA financing and training Cuban refugee's certain lands in Cuba were attemping to over throw Fidel Castro.
  • East Germany (building Berlin Wall building)

    Refugee's were trying to leave East Berlin the communist government of East Germany, they then began to build the Berlin Wall to divide the East and West Berlin.The construction of the wall caused a short-term crisis with the United States bloc relations the wall then became a Cold War symbolism. During the time of the wall 80 people were killed trying to escape from East to West Berlin.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Leader of the U.S. and S.U. engaged a tense 13 day political/military standoff. The standoff was over installation of nuclear- armed Soviet missiles on Cuba. 90 miles away from U.S shores. A TV address with President John F. Kennedy notifying Americans about the presence of the missiles. Explaining the missiles and his decision to enact a naval blockade around Cuba. After a national threat to security many people feared a nuclear war. Threat was made when U.S. agreed to Nikita's offer.
  • Prague Spring

    Antonin Novotny became Czechoslovakia's first secretary. August 20, 1968, Soviet Union answers Dubcek's reforms with invasion of Czechoslovakia by 600,000 Warsaw Pact troops. Dubcek's efforts to establish a, "Communism with a human face" was celebrated across the country and a very brief period of freedom became known as Prague Spring.
  • Berlin Wall (FALL)

    As the Cold War began to slowly slow down across Eastern Europe, the spokesman for East Berlins Communist Party announced a message with the city's relationship with the West. At midnight citizens of the GDR were free to cross the country's borders. Drunk East and West Berliners flocked to the wall chanting, "Open the gate!" 2 billion came, using hammers and picks to knowck down chunks of the wall. Cranes and bulldozers were also, used. The wall was gone and Berlin united for the first time(1945
  • Mikail Gorbechev come to power

    Congress of People's Deputies elects Gorbacjev to a 5 year plan as president. By 1991 domestic critics were pillorying him because of the nations terrible economic performance and faltering control over Soviet Empire. December 191 he resigned as President. Soviet Union dissolved. He is credited for instituting a messy number of reforms that loosened a tight grip on communism on Soviet people.