William Ewart Gladstone

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    William Ewart Gladstone

  • Election of Gladstone

    Four-time prime minister of Great Britain, Gladstone remained a vigorous campaigner until his death.
    Having been persuaded against a career in the Church, Gladstone was elected to Parliament in 1832, as a Tory.
  • Having Office

    He made his mark from the start and held minor office in Peel's governement of 1834-35.
  • His Marriage

    In july 1839 he married Catherine. The two maintained a 'rescue' home for prostitues and Gladstone would, famously, trawl London streets at night, trying to persuade prostitues to start a new life.
  • Entering Peel's Conservative Cabinet

    Although he was slowly moving towards liberalism, in 1843 he entered Peel's Conservative cabinet
  • Being Chancellor of the Exchequer

    In 1852, he joined Aberdeen's Whig government as Chancellor of the Exchequer, a position he would ultimately hold three times.
  • Ending the government

    His efforts to extend the franchise failed and ended the government in 1866.
  • Liberals' turning back

    Two years later, the Liberals were back, with Gladstone in chre. Queen Victoria, who disliked him personally, was forced to ask him to become prime minister.
  • Disestablishing Protestant Church

    Gladstone began to tackle Ireland's oppressive landlordism and disestablished the Irish Protestant church in 1869.
  • His retirement after Defeat

    Abroad, he failed to promote disarmament and was caught out by start of the Franco-German War. A heavy defeat in 1874 led to his retirement. It was short-lived.
  • Back to active

    Turkish brutality in the Balkans brought Galdstone back to active in politics in 1875.
  • Campain

    His campaing to remove Turkish forces was widely opposed, but a magnificent campaign secured his return to Parliament and a Liberal government in 1880.
  • Resignment

    Gladstone was both prime minister and chancellor. His failure to rescue General Gordon from Khartoum cost him dearly, his popularity only partially recovered by his firm handling of a dispute with Russia. He resigned in 1885 after a budget defeat.
  • Forming third Government

    Gladstone formed his third government in 1886, but he was rejected.
  • Liberals' victory

    After working on campaign, the Liberals won the 1892 election. Gladstone was back.
  • Retirement

    Being rejected many times, he retired in 1894.
  • His Death

    He died of cancer in 1898 and was buried in Westminster Abbey.