Sc ussr usa1

U.S.R vs. U.S.S.R

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    Korea Conflict

    noth and south korean flagsJapan conquered Korea while it was still an independent kingdom. When World War II came to its end, US and Soviet forces decided to temporarily split Korea in half. The leader of North Korea decided to become an ally of the Soviets, while South Korea’s dictatorial leader sided with the US. North Korea called for the reunification of Korea (“heroic struggle”) and invaded South Korea. They overran most of the south when the United Nations decided to act. UN troops arrived to help South Korea.
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    Korea conflict part 2

    They were not able to push the North Koreans back, until they stopped the advance in August on what is known as the Pusan Perimeter. China sent troops to help out the North Korean troops and manages to push South Korea back to the 38th parallel. This then turned into a stalemate where neither side could push forward. Both sides signed an armistice to end the fighting. Almost 2 million troops stayed on either side of the demilitarized zone, an area with no military forces , its still there today
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    chinese civil war

    Mao Zedong led communist forces in a civil war against nationalists ending in a victory for Zedong. Mao set up The Peoples Republic of China, China was finally under communist control. People hoped that communism would build a new China and would end foreign domination and supported Mao. One after another nationalist held cities fell, Mao’s People’s Liberation Army was victorious. Mao Zedong built a one party totalitarian state. To boost agriculture Mao called for collectivization in an effort
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    nato warsaw pact

    Then in 1955, to get back the Soviet Union formed their own alliance with seven fellow communist countries in Eastern Europe called the Warsaw Pact. But unlike NATO, the Soviet Union was clearly in charge and the leader over the other countries. The Warsaw Pact divided Europe into “eastern” and “western” blocs. The east was Soviet-dominated countries that were basically dictated by the Soviet Union. The west was led by the United States
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    chinese civil part 2

    to increase productivity, later Mao Zedong led a program known as The Great Lead Forward. He wanted people to put superhuman effort on increasing farm and industrial out put. However, The Great Leap Forward failed and China took a long time to recover. Then Mao launched The Cultural Revolution, its goal was to purge China of bourgeois tendencies. Red Guards attacked all those who they considers bourgeois, the accused where publicly humiliated or beaten sometime they where even killed.
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    nato warsaw pact

    After WWII the Soviet Union and the US had their difference on how they thought things should be after the war. The Cold War was a state of tension and hostility between nations, the Soviet Union and the United States. In 1949, the United States, Canada, and ten other countries got together to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO was countries that pledged to help each other if one was attacked.
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    soviet union falls

    After Mikhail Gorbachev came to power the Soviet Union brought about two reforms. He signed an arms control treaty with the US and tooks troops out of Afghanistan. With the reform of glasnost he ended cenorship, providing freedom of speech. In the other reform he gave factories responisble for decisions, and allowed farmers to sell on the free market. This brought about economic turmoil. Soon the Soviet Republic had broken into 12 independent states; after 69 years the Soviet Union didn't exist
  • communist cuban missile crisis

    communist cuban missile crisis
    Fidel Castro organized an armed rebellion against the ruler of Cuba, who was a corrupt dictator. Castro led his guerrilla army to victory and started to transform the country (known as the Communist Revolution). Castro severely restricted Cubans’ political freedom. Critics were jailed or silenced, hundreds of thousands fled to Florida. John F. Kennedy supported an invasion attempt by U.S trained Cuban exiles however, Castro’s forces captured the invaders.
  • commusnist cuban missile crisis

    commusnist cuban missile crisis
    The Soviet Union sent nuclear missiles to Cuba to help Cuba defend against the U.S. President Kennedy in response imposed a naval blockade to prevent any further shipments from the Soviet Union. J.F.K demanded that the Soviet Union remove its nuclear missiles from Cuba and for three tense days the world faced the risk of a third world war, finally the Soviet Union agreed. War was adverted.
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    vietnam conflict

    In 1954 after Vietnam won the bloody battle of Dienbienphu the French left Vietnam. Western and communist powers then agreed to temporarly divide Vietnam. The North was communist ruled by Ho Chi Minh, and the South (supported by the US) was ran by Ngo Dinh Diem in a non-communist matter. The US supported the south in fear that the domino effect of communist would happen. The south attacked on August 1, 1964 on North Vietnamese islands. The north attacked the US Maddox the next day which they had
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    vietnam conflict part 2

    mistakenly thought had aided the south in the raids. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was passed by congress on August 7th, authorizing the president to take all necessary measures to prevent further aggression. On the Vietnamese New Year, the Tet North Vietnam guerrilla armies surprised the south. This being the turning point in the United States. In January 1973 President Nixon negotiated the Paris Peace Accord. In 1975 the North conquered the South taking over their capital city Saigon.
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    Soviets in Afghanistan

    MujahideenSoviets went to war with Afghanistan that lasted for almost ten years. The Soviets have tried to modernize Afghanistan and turn it completely communist but warlords took up arms against this new government. . When the Soviets saw this, their troops moved in for an attack. Fighting the mujahedin, though, proved to be just as hard as the Americans fighting the Vietnamese. Later on in the war, the American government began smuggling modern weapons to Afghanistan for the mujahedin.
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    Soviets in Afghanistan

    Even before the Americans smuggled weapons for the mujahedin, the Soviets suffered many casualties and, just like the Vietnam War, many Soviets were opposed to this war. They eventually retreated from Afghanistan in 1989.
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    Eastern Europe independence

    mapThroughout the 1980’s, Hungarians began to criticize the communist government more openly than before. Then, under the pressure of the public, the government granted greater freedoms and new political parties formed. East Germany banned Soviet publications. Many knew of all the freedom Wet Germany was getting and was anxious to escape to West Germany. When Hungary reopened is borders with Austria, many East Germans fled through the two countries while others demanded change.
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    Eastern European independence part 2

    When the Soviets said they would no longer interfere with East Europe reforms, many of the communist governments began to collapse. By 1989, a democracy movement went throughout Eastern Europe. Czechoslovakia and Poland elected a new president. In East Germany, the Berlin Wall was finally opened to West Germany which will lead to the reunification of Germany. Since the beginning of World War II, Eastern European countries were finally free.
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    eastern european independence part 3

    They dissolved the Warsaw Pact in 1991 and requested that the Russian troops leave. When Nazi Germany lost World War II, Czechoslovakia was reunited by communist control. When the Communists began losing power in 1989, many Slovaks demanded for independence. When 1992 came, Slovaks and the Czechs agreed to divide Czechoslovakia peacefully and formed the new nations of Slovakia and the Czech Republic.