US History 1887-2008

By Kjhayes
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    Early American History

  • Declaration of Independence Signed

  • Constitution Signed

  • Bill of Rights Ratified

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    Civil War/Reconstruction

    Emancipation Proclamation
  • Homestead Act

    provided 160 acres to anyone willing to settle on land in the west
  • 13th Amendment

    Abolished slavery
  • 14th Amendment

    citizenship and due process
  • Transcontinental Railroad Built

  • 15th Amendment

    voting for all male citizens
  • Telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell

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    The Gilded Age

    Rockefeller/Carnegie (Captains of Industry vs. Robber Barons)
    Philanthropy
    Monopoly
    Jane Addams
    Laissez-Faire: government doesn't interfere with private businesses
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers, first US national immigration act
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

    awarded government jobs based on merit
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    ensure railroad set “reasonable and just” rate and the first time government stepped in to regulate business
  • Dawes Act

    gave individual ownership of land to native americans instead of the tribe owning things collectively
  • Hull House founded, first of many settlement houses

  • Sherman Anti-trust act

    outlawed business monopolies
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    The Progressive Age

    Muckrakers
    Initiative, Referendum, Recall
    The Great Migration
    NAACP
    Immigration Issues (Assimilation and Nativism)
  • Plessy v Ferguson

    legalized segregation, established(separate but still equal)
  • Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska)

  • USS Maine explodes off the coast of Cuba, starting the Spanish American War

  • Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States

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    Imperialism

    Theodore Roosevelt
    Rough Riders
    Foreign Policy
    Immigration Quotas
    Yellow Journalism
  • Open Door Policy

    initiated free trade with China
  • Roosevelt Corollary

    an addition to the Monroe Doctrine
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    Panama Canal Built

  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is published

  • Meat Inspection Act

    law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    regulation of the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines
  • NCAAP founded

  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Taft’s policy of paying for peace in Latin America
  • 16th Amendment

    established the federal income tax
  • 17th amendment

    direct election of U.S. Senators
  • Federal Reserve Act

    established the Federal Reserve, which helped stabilize the banking industry
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated, starting World War I

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    World War I

    Sinking of Lusitania, Treaty of Versailles
    Alvin York: U.S war hero who killed 25 Germans and captured 132 others
    Homefront- people who are working in the home country while soldiers are fighting somewhere else
    M.A.I.N. (Causes of WWI)- militarism, alliances, imperialism, nationalism
    Sussex Pledge- Germany's promise not to sink non-military ships, which they broke
    American Expeditionary Forces- American military force in France,
  • Sinking of Lusitania

  • National Parks System Created

  • Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by the British

    warned the U.S. of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany
  • The United States enters WWI on the Allied side

  • Bolshevik Revolution in Russia begins

    causes Russian troops to exit the war
  • Battle of Argonne Forest, considered the turning point of the war

  • Germany surrenders to the Allied Powers

  • President Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points

    statement of principles for peace after World War I, included no colonialism, freedom of the seas, and a League of Nations
  • Treaty of Versailles

    peace treaty that ended World War I, required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize
  • 18th Amendment

    prohibition is enacted and alcohol is illegal
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    Roaring Twenties

    Social Darwinism- ''survival of the fittest", the wealthy will thrive.
    The Red Scare: Fear of communism in the U.S
    Assembly Line: parts of a product are assemble together in a specific order.
    Return to Normalcy: to going back to our old life.
    Harlem Renaissance: Era of new music, art, fashion, and literature.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal uncovered by the Wall Street Journal

  • Scopes Monkey Trial

  • Charles Lindbergh makes history by making a nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris

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    Great Depression

    Hoovervilles- poor settlements of people outside big cities
    The New Deal- FDR's plan to end Great Depression
    Causes of the Great Depression (5)-over speculation, over use of credits, overuse of farmland, over spending, overproduction
    Court Packing- FDR trying yo appoint his own judges in the Supreme Court.
    Eleanor Roosevelt- wife of FDR, helped provide during Great Depression
  • Social Security Act

    established the Social Security Administration, which provides unemployment insurance, aid to the disabled, old age pensions, and insurance for families
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    World War II

    Island Hopping- U.S capturing one island then going to another
    Liberation of Concentration Camps- freeing the Jews and POW's from concentration camps after WW2
    Dwight Eisenhower
    Douglas MacArthur
    Chester W. Nimitz
    Navajo Code Talkers- Navajo native Americans using their native language to confuse Germans
    Tuskegee Airmen- first group of African American pilots
    Flying Tigers- first volunteer group of U.S pilots
    The Manhattan Project- U.S development of atomic bombs
    Rosie the Riveter
  • United Nations Formed

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    Early Cold War

    Containment: stopping spread of communism
    Arms Race/Space Race: creation of biggest bombs, race to the moon
    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics: communist country conflicting with the U.S in the Cold War
    Communism: form of government that limits freedom
    Domino Theory: one country would become communist then another.
  • Truman Doctrine

    U.S. policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism
  • Berlin Airlift

  • Marshall Plan

    program to help European countries rebuild after World War II
  • NATO Established

  • Korean War

  • Sweatt v Painter

    ruled the separate law school at the University of Texas failed to qualify as “separate but equal”
  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Movement

    Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, Malcolm X
  • 22nd Amendment

    22nd Amendment: prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again
  • Rosenberg Trials

  • Period: to

    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

    overturned Plessy v. Ferguson and mandated desegregation
  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

  • Hernandez V Texas

    Mexican Americans and all other races provided equal protection under the 14th Amendment
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    Vietnam War

  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • Period: to

    Montgomery Bus Boycott after Rosa Parks’ arrest

  • USSR launches Sputnik

  • Little Rock Nine integrated into an all-white school in Little Rock, AK

  • Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba

  • Berlin Wall built to prevent people from leaving communist East Berlin

  • Cuban Missile Crisis

  • Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream Speech” at the March on Washington

  • JFK is assassinated in Dallas, TX

  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    begins undeclared war in Vietnam
  • 24th Amendment

    Abolishes the poll tax
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Made discrimination based on race, religion, or national origin in public places illegal and required employers to hire on an equal opportunity basis
  • Medicare and Medicaid established

  • Voting Rights act of 1965

    Eliminated literacy tests for voters
  • Tet Offensive

  • Tinker vs. Des Moines

    defined the First Amendment rights for students in the United States Public Schools
  • MLK is assassinated

  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    prohibited discrimination in the sale or rental of housing
  • First man walks on the moon

  • Kent State University Shooting

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    End of the Cold War

  • Pentagon Papers Leaked

  • 26th Amendment

    Moved the voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old
  • Title IX

    protects people from discrimination based on gender in education programs
  • War Powers Act

    law limited the President’s right to send troops to battle without Congressional approval
  • Watergate Scandal

    Leads to Richard Nixon's resignation
  • Fall of Saigon, marks the end of the Vietnam War

  • Camp David Accords

  • Three Mile Island Disaster

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    Iran Hostage Crisis

  • Period: to

    Iran Contra Affair

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    1990s-21st Century

    Barack Obama - 44th president, first black president
    al-Qaeda- middle eastern terrorist group, responsible for 9/11
    No Child Left Behind - act that authorizes education programs, tests students in grades 3-8 on reading and math
    President Clinton’s Impeachment- Clinton was impeached for two different charges
    Presidential Election of 2000- one of the closest elections ever, Al Gore had votes in Florida recounted
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    Persian Gulf War

    Operation Desert Storm
  • Fall of USSR, End of Cold War

  • NAFTA created free trade between Mexico, the U.S, and Canada

  • USA PATRIOT Act

    tightened the national security, particularly as it was related to foreign terrorism
  • Attack on World Trade Center and Pentagon

  • Hurricane Katrina