US History 1877-2008

Timeline created by VickyNguyen2022
In History
  • Period: to

    Early American History

  • Declaration of Independence signed

  • Constitution written

  • Bill of Rights ratified

  • Period: to

    Civil War/Reconstruction

  • Homestead Act

    provided 160 acres to anyone willing to settle on land in the west
  • 13th Amendment

    abolished slavery
  • 14th Amendment

    citizenship & due process
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

  • 15th Amendment

    voting for all male citizens
  • Telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell

  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

    Rockefeller/Carnegie (Captains of Industry vs. Robber Barons): Captains of Industry collected money for the welfare of the country, Robber Barons collect money to help themselves and go to great lengths to get it
    Philanthropy: promoting welfare of others (donations)
    Monopoly: complete control of a service or good
    Jane Addams: female activist promoting women's suffrage and created the first settlement home
    Laissez-Faire: capitalist "leave-alone" policy; little government interference
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers, first US national immigration act
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

    awarded government jobs based on merit
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    ensure railroad set “reasonable and just” rate and the first time government stepped in to regulate business
  • Dawes Act

    gave individual ownership of land to Native Americans instead of the tribe owning things collectively
  • Hull House founded, first of many settlement houses

  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    outlawed business monopolies
  • Period: to

    The Progressive Era

    Muckrakers: people who exposed corruption (normally in politics)
    Initiative, Referendum, Recall: voters can call for a change in law, disprove a law, or remove a government official from office
    The Great Migration: movement of 6 million African Americans from rural to urban areas
    NAACP: organization promoting justice to African Americans
    Immigration Issues (Assimilation and Nativism): Native Americans assimilated to modern cultures, but they were still treated less fairly than white Americans
  • Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska)

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    legalized segregation, established “separate but equal”
  • USS Maine explodes off the coast of Cuba, starting the Spanish American War

  • Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States

  • Period: to

    Imperialism

    Theodore Roosevelt: 26th president & muckraker that exposed political corruption
    Rough Riders: First US Volunteer Cavalry led by Theodore Roosevelt
    Foreign Policy: government strategy of dealing with other countries
    Immigration Quotas: limited immigration in America
    Yellow Journalism: exaggerated propaganda
  • Open Door Policy

    initiated free trade with China
  • Panama Canal built

  • Roosevelt Corollary

    an addition to the Monroe Doctrine
  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is published

  • Meat Inspection Act

    law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    regulation of the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines
  • NAACP founded

  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Taft’s policy of paying for peace in Latin America
  • 16th Amendment

    established the federal income tax
  • 17th Amendment

    direct election of U.S. Senators
  • Federal Reserve Act

    established the Federal Reserve, which helped stabilize the banking industry
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated, starting World War I

  • Period: to

    World War I

    Alvin York: American war hero that killed and captured enemy soldiers
    Homefront: people worked in the country while soldiers were out fighting
    M.A.I.N. (Causes of WWI): military, alliance, imperialism, nationalism
    Sussex Pledge: give warning before attacking merchant and passenger ships
    American Expeditionary Forces: formation of US Army
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • National Parks System created

  • Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by the British, warned the U.S. of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany

  • The United States enters WWI on the Allied side

  • Bolshevik Revolution in Russia begins, causing Russian troops to exit the war

  • Battle of Argonne Forest, considered the turning point of the war

  • Germany surrenders to the Allied Powers

  • President Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points

    statement of principles for peace after World War I, included no colonialism, freedom of the seas, and a League of Nations
  • Treaty of Versailles

    peace treaty that ended World War I, required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize
  • 18th Amendment

    prohibition is enacted and alcohol is illegal
  • 19th Amendment

    women are given the right to vote
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

    Social Darwinism: "survival of the fittest" theory
    The Red Scare: fear of communism in American government
    Assembly Line: products are assembled in parts until it's finished
    Return to Normalcy: returning to life before WWI
    Harlem Renaissance: revival or African American art and literature in Harlem, Manhattan
  • Teapot Dome Scandal uncovered by the Wall Street Journal

  • American Indian Citizenship Act

    granted citizenship to any Native Americans born within the United States
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

  • Charles Lindbergh makes history by making a nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris

  • Period: to

    Great Depression

  • 20th Amendment

    adjusted the dates of the presidential terms
  • 21st Amendment

    repeals the 18th Amendment and prohibition ends
  • Period: to

    World War II

  • United Nations formed

  • Period: to

    Early Cold War

    Containment: method of limiting/containing communism
    Arms Race/Space Race: US and Soviet Union competing to make advancements to weapons and technology, including satellites
    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics: communist state
    Communism: classless society in which resources are distributed evenly with help from the government
    Domino Theory: political event caused in one country will cause similar effects in surrounding countries
  • 22nd Amendment

    prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again
  • Truman Doctrine

    U.S. policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism
  • Berlin Airlift

  • Marshall Plan

    program to help European countries rebuild after World War II
  • NATO established

  • Korean War

  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Era

  • Rosenbergs Trial

  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • USSR launches Sputnik

  • Period: to

    End of the Cold War

  • Period: to

    1990s-21st Century