u.s history

  • Period: to

    American civil war

  • homestead act

    homestead act
    if us citizen occupies 160 acres of land and keep it good for 5 years it would be their property
  • 13th amendment

    13th amendment
    slavery is abolished FREE
  • Period: to


  • 14th amendment

    14th amendment
    everyone is considered a citizen with rights
  • • Transcontinental Railroad Completed (1869)

    •	Transcontinental Railroad Completed (1869)
    railroad that goes from the east and west of the U.S.
  • industrialization begins to boom

    industrialization begins to boom
    manufacturing factories take over agriculture
  • 15th amendment

    15th amendment
    black men can VOTE
  • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall

    Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall
    the states most corrupt politician
  • Pullman Labor Strike

    Pullman Labor Strike
    widespread railroad strike and boycott that severely disrupted rail traffic in the Midwest
  • telephone invented

    telephone invented
    alexander graham bell invented the telephone
  • reconstruction ends

    reconstruction ends
    an informal agreement between southern Democrats and allies of the Republican Rutherford Hayes to settle the result of the 1876 presidential election
  • Jim crow laws start in the south

    Jim crow laws start in the south
    it was enforced for people to be segregated
  • Period: to

    gilded age

    america made it seem as if okay when they where politically corrupt.
  • light-bulb invented

    light-bulb invented
    thomas edision created the lighbulb
  • 3rd wave of immigration

    3rd wave of immigration
    many Europeans came to the U.S
  • Chinese exclusion act

    Chinese exclusion act
    prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers
  • Pendleton Act

    Pendleton Act
    was passed to regulate and improve the civil service of the United States
  • dawes act

    dawes act
    native americans being transformed into white americans
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    to control railroads and their unfair business practices.
  • Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth

    Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth
    article written by Andrew Carnegie and argued that very wealthy men like him had a responsibility to use their wealth for the greater good of society.
  • Chicago's hull house

    Chicago's hull house
    Jane Addams cofounded and led Hull House, for provided child care, practical and cultural training and education, and other services to the largely immigrant population
  • Klondike gold rush

    Klondike gold rush
    gold found in canada
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    antitrust law that regulates competition among enterprises that was passed by Congress under the presidency of Benjamin Harrison.
  • how the other half lives

    how the other half lives
    a photograph by Jacob Riis exposing the slums to New York City's upper and middle class.
  • Influence of Sea Power Upon History

    Influence of Sea Power Upon History
    novel by Alfred Thayer Mahan, that argued that sea power was the key to military and economic expansion.
  • Period: to

    Progressive Era

    social and political reform to make the U.S. a better society
  • Period: to


    a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
  • Homestead Steel Labor Strike

    Homestead Steel Labor Strike
    a violent labor dispute between the Carnegie Steel Company and many of its workers
  • Plessy v Ferguson

    Plessy v Ferguson
    A decision made by supreme court to lead with segregation with the term -sperate but equal-
  • annexation of Hawaii

    annexation of Hawaii
    after Spanish American war U.S. wanted to acquire islands for advantage
  • Spanish American War

    Spanish American War
    U.S against Spain in Cuba that resulted in U.S. gaining temporary control of Cuba and ownership of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines
  • Open Door Policy

    Open Door Policy
    a term to allow a system of trade in China open to all countries equally.
  • Period: to

    Theodore Roosevelt

    square deal -to fair honest, and just society in which everyone had an equal chance to succeed. Republican
  • Assassination of President McKinley

    Assassination of President McKinley
    He was shaking hands with the public when anarchist Leon Czolgosz shot him twice in the abdomen.
  • Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins

    Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins
    The U.S. wanted this canal to make better transportation for ships.
  • The jungle

    The jungle
    a book written by Upton Sinclair that exposed the living conditions of incoming immigrant homes
  • pure food and drug act

    pure food and drug act
    prohibited the sale of misbranded or adulterated food and drugs in interstate commerce
  • model-t

    -first affordable car

    created to advance justice for African American
  • Period: to

    William Howard Taft

    progressive goals of democracy, social welfare, and economic reform. republican party
  • 16th amendment

    16th amendment
    The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes,
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    signed by Woodrow, intended to reform the country's banking system and help secure economic stability.
  • Period: to

    Woodrow Wilson

    argued that high tariffs created monopolies and hurt consumers, died in bathtub, democratic party
  • 17th amendment

    17th amendment
    allows the governor or executive authority of each state
  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    -how ww1 started
    -the heir presumptive to the throne of Austria-Hungary.
  • Trench Warfare, Poison Gas, and Machine Guns

    Trench Warfare, Poison Gas, and Machine Guns
    -were used during the ww1 and were very lethal
    -trenches provided protection
  • Period: to

    World War I

  • Sinking of the Lusitania

    Sinking of the Lusitania
    death of so many innocent civilians at the hands of the Germans
  • National Parks System

    National Parks System
    Theodore Roosevelt created to dedicated to conserving unimpaired the natural and cultural resources ,
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram
    -reasons on why U.S joined ww1
    -Germany wanted Mexico as an alliance
  • Russian Revolution

    Russian Revolution
  • U.S. entry into WWI

    U.S. entry into WWI
    -Zimmerman's telegram
    -sinking of Lusitania
    -Germany is hiding in the ocean with their submarines and are secretly attacking
  • Battle of Argonne Forest

    Battle of Argonne Forest
    -the last battle of World War I
    -47 days
  • Armistice

    formal agreement of warring parties to stop fighting.-a truce
  • Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points

    Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points
    statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers
  • 18th amendment

    18th amendment
    prohibited the sale of alcohol
  • 19th amendment

    19th amendment
    woman are allowed to vote
  • President Harding’s Return to Normalcy

    President Harding’s Return to Normalcy
    -plan for U.S to become better and neutral
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
  • red scare

    red scare
    -is the promotion of a widespread fear of a potential rise of communism or anarchism by a society or state.
    - name refers to the red flags that the communists use
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    Teapot Dome Scandal
    -secret leasing of federal oil reserves
  • Joseph Stalin Leads USSR

    Joseph Stalin Leads USSR
  • Charles Lindbergh’s Trans-Atlantic Flight

    Charles Lindbergh’s Trans-Atlantic Flight
    the first pilot to solo a nonstop trans-Atlantic flight.
  • Scopes “Monkey” Trial

    Scopes “Monkey” Trial
    -John T. Scopes, charged with violating state law by teaching Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution.
  • St. Valentine’s Day Massacre

    St. Valentine’s Day Massacre
    murder of seven members and associates of Chicago's North Side Gang that occurred on Saint Valentine's Day.
  • Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday”

    Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday”
    a major American stock market crash
  • Period: to

    Great Depression

  • Hooverville

    -poorly built homes for the unemployed
  • Smoot-Hawley Tariff

    Smoot-Hawley Tariff
    a higher tariff on importation
  • 100, 000 Banks Have Failed

    100, 000 Banks Have Failed
    people tried getting all their money at the same time leaving banks broke and not having everybody else's money
  • Agriculture Adjustment Administration (AAA)

    Agriculture Adjustment Administration (AAA)
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
    responsible incase another stock market crash
  • Public Works Administration (PWA)

    Public Works Administration (PWA)
    -part of the new deal
    -budgeted several billion dollars to be spent on the construction of public works as a means of providing employment
  • Period: to

    Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • Period: to

    New Deal Programs

  • Dust Bowl

    Dust Bowl
    -dust storms that ruined agriculture
  • Social Security Administration (SSA)

    Social Security Administration (SSA)
    -retirement program
  • G.I. bill

    G.I. bill
    help veterans pay for college, graduate school, and training program
  • United Nations formed

    United Nations formed
    an organization where all country leaders come together to discuss
  • Germany divided

    Germany divided
    After WW2 Germany was split up between the allied powers
  • Period: to

    Baby boom

  • Truman doctrine

    Truman doctrine
    a policy to contain communism
  • 22nd Amendment

    22nd Amendment
    prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again.
  • Period: to

    The Cold War

  • Marshall plan

    Marshall plan
    The U.S. decided to aid western Europe
  • Belin airlift

    Belin airlift
    since soviet union blocked roads the only way to send resources to berlin was through airplanes
  • Arab-Israeli War Begin

    Arab-Israeli War Begin
    Arab nations invaded territory in the former Palestinian mandate immediately following the announcement of the independence of the state of Israel
  • NATO formed

    NATO formed
    military alliance between 30 European and North American countries
  • Kim ||-sung invades South Korea

  • Chinese forces cross Yalu and enter Korean War

  • UN forces push North Korea to Yalu river-the border with china

  • Period: to

    Korean War

  • Period: to

    1950's prosperity

  • Ethel and Julius Rosenburg execution

    Ethel and Julius Rosenburg execution
    American citizens who were convicted of spying on behalf of the Soviet Union.
  • Armistice signed

    Armistice signed
    formally ended the war in Korea. North and South Korea remain separate
  • Period: to

    Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • Vietnam Independence but Country Split at 17th Parallel

    Vietnam Independence but Country Split at 17th Parallel
    Vietnam freed from France and Vietnam would be temporarily divided
  • Ho Chi Minh Established Communist Rule in North Vietnam

    Ho Chi Minh Established Communist Rule in North Vietnam
    Communist North Vietnam
  • Brown v Board of education

    Brown v Board of education
    a supreme court case that ruled ,racial segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional
  • Warsaw Pact formed

    Warsaw Pact formed
    the primary purpose of the pact was to reinforce communist dominance in Eastern Europe.
  • Rosa Parks Arrested

    Rosa Parks Arrested
    Rosa Parks is jailed for refusing to give up her seat on a public bus to a white man,
  • Montgomery bus boycott

    Montgomery bus boycott
    After the rosa parks resisting to refuse her seat on the bus people decided to not get in the bus no more.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    purpose of the march was to advocate for the civil and economic rights of African Americans (I HAVE A DREAM)
  • Period: to

    Vietnam War (1955- 1975

    fight between communist North Vietnam and South Vietnam
  • Interstate highway act

    Interstate highway act
    roads that would go all over the country
  • Elvis Presley first hit song

    Elvis Presley first hit song
    a singer who is the king rock and roll-That's all right
  • Sputnik |

    Sputnik |
    the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it
  • Leave it to the beaver first airs on TV

    Leave it to the beaver first airs on TV
    sitcom defines the "golly gee" wholesomeness of 1950s and `60s TV
  • polio vaccine created by Jonas Salk

    polio vaccine created by Jonas Salk
  • Civil rights act of 1957

    Civil rights act of 1957
    the first federal civil rights legislation passed by the United States Congress since the Civil Rights Act of 1875. It was to better enforce the 14th and 15th Amendments
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    9 black students attended a school were white people tried to prevent them to come inside
  • Chicano mural movement begins

    Chicano mural movement begins
    Mexican-American barrios throughout the Southwest. Artists began using the walls of city buildings, housing projects, schools, and churches to depict Mexican-American culture
  • Kennedy versus Nixon TV Debate

    Kennedy versus Nixon TV Debate
    first televised presidential debate
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    failed attack launched by the CIA during the Kennedy administration to push Cuban leader Fidel Castro out of power
  • Affirmative action

    Affirmative action
    a set of policies and practices within a government or organization seeking to increase the representation of particular groups based on their gender, race, sexuality, creed or nationality
  • Period: to

    John F. Kennedy

    35th president of the United States
  • Peace Corps Formed

    Peace Corps Formed
    to provide educational and technological support to developing countries
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles on Cuba, just 90 miles from U.S. shores
  • Sam Walton opens first Walmart

    Sam Walton opens first Walmart
    first walmart
  • George Wallace blocking entry to university of Alabama

    George Wallace blocking entry to university of Alabama
    stood at the door of the auditorium as if to block the entry of two African American students
  • Feminine Mystique

    Feminine Mystique
    a book by Betty Friedan that is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism
  • Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas

    Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas
    JFK was killed
  • Period: to

    Lyndon B. Johnson

    36th president of the United States
  • The Great Society

    The Great Society
    LBJ goal was the total elimination of poverty and racial injustice
  • Civil rights act of 1964

    Civil rights act of 1964
    prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
  • 24th Amendment

    24th Amendment
    prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
  • Israeli-Palestine Conflict Begins

    Israeli-Palestine Conflict Begins
    began with the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    excuse for U.S to be at war in Vietnam war
  • Voting rights act of 1965

    Voting rights act of 1965
    outlawed the discriminatory voting practices (literacy test and prerequisite)
  • united farm workers California Delano grape strike

    united farm workers California Delano grape strike
    protest years of poor pay and working conditions.
  • Malcom x assassinated

    Malcom x assassinated
    human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement
  • Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court

    Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court
    civil rights lawyer-Thurgood Marshall-the first African American justice to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States
  • Six day War

    Six day War
    was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967.Israel defeated the combined armies
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    North Vietnams attempt to foment rebellion among the South Vietnamese population
  • My Lai Massacre

    My Lai Massacre
    mass murder of unarmed South Vietnamese civilians by U.S. troops
  • MLK assassinated

    MLK assassinated
    spokesperson and leader in the American civil rights movement
  • Vietnamization

    U.S. troops would slowly leaving Vietnam. Training South Vietnam to fight against the North
  • Woodstock Music Festival

    Woodstock Music Festival
    concert that showed 3 Days of Peace & Music
  • Draft Lottery

    Draft Lottery
    drawing lottery numbers to determine who would and would not be drafted.
  • Manson Family Murders

    Manson Family Murders
    cult leader Charles Manson, Manson family murder 9 people
  • Apollo 11

    Apollo 11
    the first successful launch to the moon
  • Period: to

    Richard Nixon

    37th president of the United States,
  • Invasion of Cambodia

    Invasion of Cambodia
    a brief series of military operations conducted in eastern Cambodia
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

    Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    agency in US that protects environmental issues
  • Kent State Shootings

    Kent State Shootings
    Massacre in Kent State University, students were shot and injured by the Ohio National Guard
  • Pentagon Papers

    Pentagon Papers
    Government papers were found were it showed the president and the govt. was lying
  • 26th Amendment

    26th Amendment
    18th year old are able to vote
  • Policy of détente begins

    Policy of détente begins
    policy of relaxing tensions between the Soviet Union and the West
  • Period: to

    Jimmy Carter

  • Title IX

    Title IX
    A law that prohibits discrimination against the gender of a person
  • Nixon visits communist China

    Nixon visits communist China
    key step in normalizing relations between the U.S. and PRC.
  • Watergate scandal

    Watergate scandal
    political scandal where Nixon broke in to the democratic party to spy on them
  • War Powers Resolution

    War Powers Resolution
    a federal law intended to check the U.S. president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of the U.S. Congress.
  • Roe v Wade

    Roe v Wade
    a landmark decision to protects a pregnant woman's liberty to choose to have an abortion without excessive government restriction
  • Endangered species act

    Endangered species act
    created to protect animals and plants that were in danger of becoming extinct
  • OPEC Oil Embargo

    OPEC Oil Embargo
    an event where the 12 countries that made up OPEC stopped selling oil to the United States.
  • first cell-phones

    first cell-phones
    Motorola with first cell-phone
  • United states v. Nixon

    United states v. Nixon
    a landmark United States Supreme Court case that resulted in a unanimous decision against President Richard Nixon, ordering him to deliver tape recordings
  • Ford pardons Nixon

    Ford pardons Nixon
    he pardons Nixon for his crimes
  • Period: to

    Gerald Ford

  • Bill gates starts Microsoft

    Bill gates starts Microsoft
    Bill Gates founded the software company Microsoft
  • National Rifle Associate (NRA) Lobbying Begins

    National Rifle Associate (NRA) Lobbying Begins
    promote and encourage rifle shooting on a scientific basis, (rights to bear arms)
  • Fall of Saigon

    Fall of Saigon
    South Vietnam was fleeing and their leader was killed leading to Vietnam being led by communist
  • Steve Jobs starts Apple

    Steve Jobs starts Apple
    he creates the company Apple
  • Community Reinvestment act of 1977

    Community Reinvestment act of 1977
    federal law designed to encourage commercial banks and savings associations to help meet the needs of borrowers
  • Camp David Accords

    Camp David Accords
    political agreements signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem, a peace treaty
  • Period: to

    Iran Hostage Crisis

    Iranian students held Americans hostage
  • Conservative Resurgence

    Conservative Resurgence
    religion goes into politics
  • "Trickle down economics"

    "Trickle down economics"
    proposition that taxes on businesses and the wealthy in society should be reduced as a means to stimulate business investment
  • War on Drugs

    War on Drugs
    aim of reducing the illegal drug trade in the United States
  • AIDS epidemic

    AIDS epidemic
    AIDS epidemic began in illness, fear and death as the world faced a new and unknown virus.
  • Period: to

    Ronald Reagan

  • Sandra Day O’Connor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court

    Sandra Day O’Connor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court
    campaign promise to appoint the first woman to the highest court in the United States.
  • Marines in Lebanon

    Marines in Lebanon
    Israel- two truck bombs struck buildings in Beirut, Lebanon, housing American and French service members
  • Iran-Contra Affair

    Iran-Contra Affair
    secret operation in which the US government secretly sent weapons to a known enemy and sent financial aid to a rebel force.
  • The Oprah Winfrey Show First Airs

    The Oprah Winfrey Show First Airs
    The Oprah Winfrey Show was broadcast nationally for the first time
  • “Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!”

    “Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!”
    Berlin wall speech
  • end of cold war

    end of cold war
    tension between the Soviet Union and the United States is coming to an end
  • Period: to

    George H. W. Bush

  • Belin wall falls

    Belin wall falls
    the start of the fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe
  • Germany Reunification

    Germany Reunification
    the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic became part of the Federal Republic of Germany to form the reunited nation of Germany
  • Iraq invades Kuwait

    Iraq invades Kuwait
    a two-day-long operation conducted by Iraq starting on 2 August 1990, whereby it invaded the neighboring State of Kuwait, consequently resulting in a seven-month-long Iraqi military occupation of the country.
  • Period: to

    Persian Gulf War

  • Soviet Union Collapses

    Soviet Union Collapses
    Soviet Union began a slow process of democratization that eventually destabilized Communist control and contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Union.
  • Operation Desert storm

    Operation Desert storm
    coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion
  • Rodney King

    Rodney King
    Rodney Glen King was an American activist. On March 3, 1991, King was beaten by LAPD officers during his arrest, after a high-speed chase, for driving while intoxicated on I-210.
  • Period: to

    Bill Clinton

    42nd US president
  • NAFTA founded

    NAFTA founded
    The North American Free Trade Agreement was an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States that created a trilateral trade
  • Contract with America

    Contract with America
    a document signed by members of the Republican minority before the Republican Party gained control of Congress
  • O.J. Simpson's "Trial of the century "

    O.J. Simpson's "Trial of the century "
    O.J. Simpson, who was acquitted in 1995 of the murder of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman. It was one of the most notorious criminal trials in American history.
  • Selena is killed

    Selena is killed
  • Bill Clinton's Impeachment

    Bill Clinton's Impeachment
    impeached because of perjury and obstruction of justice (Monica Lewinsky)
  • USA patriot Act

    USA patriot Act
    deters and punishes terrorist attacks in the United States and abroad through enhanced law enforcement and strengthened money laundering prevention.
  • War on Terror

    War on Terror
    an ongoing international military campaign followed by 9/11 attack
  • Period: to

    George W Bush

    43rd US president
  • 9/11 attack

    9/11 attack
    the terrorist attack that destroyed the world trade center towers
  • Period: to

    War in Afghanistan

    2001 invasion of Afghanistan. Its public aims were to dismantle al-Qaeda and deny it a safe base of operations in Afghanistan by removing the Taliban from power.
  • NASA mars rover mission begins

    NASA mars rover mission begins
    a robotic space mission involving two Mars rovers, Spirit and Opportunity exploring the planet Mars
  • Period: to

    Iraq War

    protracted armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein.
  • Facebook Launched

    Facebook Launched
    social networking site

  • Hurricane Katrina

    Hurricane Katrina
    tropical cyclone that struck the southeastern United States in late August 2005. The hurricane and its aftermath claimed more than 1,800 lives, and it ranked as the costliest natural disaster in U.S. history.
  • Saddam Hussein Executed

    Saddam Hussein Executed
    executed by hanging
  • Iphone released

    Iphone released
    Steve Jobs unveiled the first iPhone
  • American recovery and reinvestment act of 2009

    American recovery and reinvestment act of 2009
    an unprecedented action to stimulate the economy.
  • Hilary Clinton Appointed US secretary of State

    Hilary Clinton Appointed US secretary of State
    appointed by Obama
  • Sonia Sotomayor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court

    Sonia Sotomayor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court
    Barack Obama nominated Sotomayor to the Supreme Court following the retirement of Justice David Souter.
  • Period: to

    Barack Obama

    44th US president
  • Arab spring

    Arab spring
    a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Arab world
  • Osama Bin Laden Killed

    Osama Bin Laden Killed
    was killed by U.S. Navy SEALs at his compound in Pakistan
  • Space X falcon 9

    Space X falcon  9
    a partially reusable two-stage-to-orbit medium-lift launch vehicle designed and manufactured by SpaceX
  • Period: to

    donald trump

    25th us president,