TIMELINE OF JOSE RIZAL

  • Birth

    He was born, Wednesday evening in Calamba. It was a Wednesday evening in Calamba, Laguna, and his mother nearly died in the process.
  • Baptism

    He was baptized by the Parish Priest of the Catholic Church in his town- Fr. Rufino Collantes from Batangas with Rev. Pedro Casaňas as the sponsor
  • Learned Alphabet

    He learned the alphabet from his mother, Teodora Alonso Realonda
  • Concepcion's death

    His sister Concepcion died at the age of three. He shed real tears for the first time.
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    Informal education by his mother and private tutors

    His mother taught him how to read and write. As he grew older, his parents employed private tutors to give him lessons at home. The first was Maestro Celestino & the second, Maestro Lucas Padua. Leon Monroy, father's classmate, taught Rizal rudiments of Latin. Uncle Manuel Alberto, concerned with his physical development; taught love for the open air & developed in him great admiration for nature's beauty, while Uncle Gregorio, a scholar, instilled into the mind of the boy love for education.
  • Pilgrimage to Antipolo with his Father

    He made a pilgrimage to Antipolo with his father-Francisco Mercado Rizal to fulfill the vow made by his mother to take the child to the Shrine of the Virgin of Antipolo should she and her child survive the ordeal of delivery which nearly caused his mother’s life.
  • First Poem- "Sa Aking mga Kabata"

    At the age of eight, Rizal wrote his first poem entitled "Sa Aking Mga Kabata." The poem was written in tagalog and had for its theme "Love of One’s Language."
  • Early/Formal Education in Biñan

    Rizal had his early education in Calamba and Biñan. It was a typical schooling that a son of an ilustrado family received during his time, characterized by the four R’s-reading, writing, arithmetic, and religion. Instruction was rigid and strict. Knowledge was forced into the minds of the pupils by means of the tedious memory method aided by the teacher’s whip.
  • Left Calamba for Biñan

    One Sunday afternoon in June 1869, Jose, after kissing the hands of his parents and a tearful parting from his sister, left Calamba for Biñan. He was accompanied by Paciano, who acted as his second father.
  • Studied under Justiniano Cruz

    The school was in the house of the teacher, which was a small nipa hut about 30 meters from the home of Jose’s aunt. His teacher in Biñan was a severe disciplinarian. His name was Justiniano Aquino Cruz.
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    First Year in Ateneo

  • Took Exam in San Juan de Letran College

    He and his brother went to Manila to enrol and take he entrance exam at San Juan de Letran, but when he went back to Calamba he found out that his father’s wish changed, instead of San Juan de Letran, he wished to enrol him at Ateneo de Manila.
  • Started Studying in Ateneo

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    Second Year in Ateneo

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    Third Year in Ateneo

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    Fourth Year in Ateneo

  • Became a boarder at Ateneo

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    Last Year in Ateneo

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    Studied Land Surveying at Ateneo

    Studied the vocational course leading to a title of Porito Agrimensor (Expert Surveyor) in Ateneo
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    Studied Cosmology, Metaphysics, Theodicy and History of Philosophy

  • Graduated Sobre Saliente

    He graduated(16 years old) and received the degree of Bachelor of Arts, with highest honors and not a valedictorian
  • Studied Philosopy and Letters at the University of Santo Tomas

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    Rizal took up medicine

    Rizal took up medicine, enrolling simultaneously in preparatory medical course and the regular first year medical course
  • El Conseho delos Dioses won first prize

    He(19 years old) won the first prize in a literary contest in Manila with his masterpiece (essay): el Conseho delos Dioses (The Council of Gods).
  • First travel to Europe

  • Joined Circulo Hispano-Filipino & wrote "Mi Piden Versos"

    Rizal joined Circulo Hispano-Filipino and he wrote “Mi Piden Versos” (They ask me for Verses) as requested by the members of the society.
  • Left Calamba for Manila

    He left Calamba by carromata, reaching Manial after 10 hours of travel
  • Left Manila for Spain

    Rizal left Manila to complete his university study in Spain, improve his knowledge in language and the arts. He departed for Singapore, on board the Spanish steamer, Salvadora.
  • Two-day Sightseeing at Singapore

    The ship docked at Singapore, he spent two days sightseeing: the famous Botanical Garden, beautiful Buddhist temples, busy shopping district and the statue of Sir Thomas Stanford Ruffles, the founder of Singapore.
  • Left for Europe

    He left for Europe, boarding in another ship-Djemnah.
  • First time seeing the coast of Africa

    The voyage resumed, and in the afternoon of the same day the steamer docked at the Colombo, Ceylon, then crossed the Indian Ocean to Café Guardafui in Africa (first time he saw Africa).
  • Arrived in the City of Suez

    He arrived in the City of Suez, the Red Sea terminal of the Suez Canal
  • Reached Naples, Italy

    The ship reached Naples, Italy
  • Visited Chateau d' If

    It docked at the French Harbor of
    Marseilles where Rizal visited Chateau d’ if where Dante, hero of the Count of Monte Cristo was imprisoned.
  • Went to Paris

    there he had a chance to contact Masonry.
  • Arrived at Barcelona, Spain

  • Enrolled Medicine at the Universidad Central de Madrid

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    Completed Degree in Doctor of Medicine

    He studied and passed all subjects leading to the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He did not present the thesis required for graduation nor paid the fees, so he was not awarded his Doctor’s diploma
  • Awarded Licentiate in Medicine

    Rizal completed his medical course in Spain. He was awarded the degree of Licenciate in Medicine by the Universidad Central de Madrid
  • Period: to

    Went To Paris to study Ophthalmology

    Shortly after terminating his study in Universidad Central de Madrid, Rizal(24 years old and already a physician), decided to go to Paris in order to acquire more knowledge in ophthalmology
  • Assistant to Dr. Louis de Weckert

    Rizal while living in Paris, worked as an assistant to Dr. Louis de Weckert, leading French ophthalmologist.
  • Rizal went to Germany

    there he became a member of the Chess PLayer’s Club and worked at the University of Heidelberg Eye Hospital under the direction of Dr. Otto Becker.
  • wrote "A Las Flores de Heidelberg"

    The blooming flowers along the cool banks of the Neckar River fascinated rizal. Among them was his favourite flower-the light blue forget-me-not. The beautiful spring flowers reminded him of the blooming flowers at the garden of his home in Calamba. He then wrote “A Las Flores de Heidelberg”
  • wrote a letter in German

    Rizal wrote his letter in German to Professor Ferdinand Blumentritt, Director of the Ateneo of Leitmetriz, Australia.
  • Sojourned in Heidelberg

    Rizal was fortunate to be sojourned in Heidelberg when the famous University of Heidelberg held his fifth centenary celebration.
  • Noli Me Tangere was finished

    His novel-Noli Me Tangere was finished and ready for printing. Maximo Viola, his friend from San Miguel, Bulacan agreed to finance the printing cost.
  • Noli Me Tangere copy given to Viola

    Rizal gave Viola the galley proofs of Noli Me Tangere and a complimentary copy where it was written “To my dear friend, Maximo Viola, the first read and appreciate my work-Jose Rizal.”
  • Left Berlin with Viola

    Rizal and Viola, two brown-skinned doctors on roaming spree, left Berlin by train.
  • Arrived at Vienna

    Rizal and Viola arrived in the beautiful city of Vienna(capital of Australia-Hungary)
  • The beautiful sights of Danube river

    Rizal and Viola left Vienna on a riverboat to see the beautiful sights of a Danube river
  • The "City of Ceasar"

    He reached Rome, the “City of the Ceasar”. After a week, he prepared to return in Philippines.
  • The Second Novel

    Rizal begun writing his second novel while practicing medicine in Calamba
  • Changes & Corrections

    He made some changes in the plot and corrected some chapters.
  • Pamphlet- "The Vison of Fr. Rodriguez"

    Rizal’s pamphlet The Vision of Fr. Rodriguez written under the pen name “Dimasalang” was published in Barcelona to answer the friars’ attack on Noli Me Tangere.
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    The Philippines, a Century Hence(Essay) published

    Rizal’s essay, “The Philippines, a Century Hence” was published in La Solidaridad in four series.
  • Master of Masons

    Rizal became a master of Masons in Lodge Solidaridad
  • More Chapters

    He wrote more chapters in Paris and Madrid and finally finished the manuscript
  • Left Brussels for Ghent

    Rizal left Brussels for Ghent, a famous university in Belgium.
  • Second Novel came off press

    His second novel came off the press. He donated the original amnuscrit and autograph printed copy to Valentin Ventura, the savior of El Filibusterismo.
  • Master Mason

    He became a Master Mason of Le Grand Orient France in Paris
  • La Liga Filipina

    Jose Rizal organized the civic organization, LA LIGA FILIPINA at the house of Dorotheo Ongjunco in which one of the atendees was Andres Bonifacio, the founding father of the Katipunan.
  • Exile in Dapitan

    Rizal’s exile in Dapitan, Zamboanga was one of the most lonesome and sorrowful periods of his life. He missed the company of his friends and family, and the death of Leonor Rivera
  • Treason, Sedition, and Formation of Illegal Association.

    Rizal was tried before the military court under the supervision of Judge Advocate General Nicholas dela Peňa on the grounds of treason, sedition, and formation of illegal association.
  • Death Sentence Notification

    Rizal was officially notified of his death sentence rendered by the Spanish military court.
  • Rizal's Execution