Old English 450-1066English literature dates back to the period of the Germanic tribes. The Saxons and the Angles, in the period of the invasion where the Celts remained. The invasion begins with William the conqueror of Norman origin, when he conquers the lands today known as England.
Period: 450 to 480
beowulfEpic poem written in the 18th century, recounting heroic feats
Middle EnglishThe Middle English period sees a great transition in the tongue, culture and lifestyle of England and results in what we can recognize today as a form of "modern" English.
Period: 731 to 735
Old Testament rendering 731Cistercienses and friars had the task of interpreting the Holy Bible
Period: 871 to 899
Anglo Saxon ChroniclesChronicles and poems were written in the period of Alfred the great in wessex
Period: 937 to 940
Battle of brunanburhRecounts the battle of the Norse against the kingdom of Wessex and the victory of King Athelstan over the Vikings
Period: 960 to 1000
Caedmon manuscriptcompilation of texts and poems by caedmon
Period: 991 to 1000
Battle of Maldontells the story of the imminent attack of the Vikings on the Anglo-Saxon island and their defeat against these
Middle English 1066-1500The Middle English period sees a great transition in the tongue, culture and lifestyle of England and results in what we can recognize today as a form of "modern" English.
Period: 1330 to 1400
KildareOne of the first poets to write English literature of Irish origin.
Period: 1368 to 1400
Geoffrey ChaucerFamous poetry writer such as:
the Book of the Duchess, 1368
Anelida and Arcite,1370
The House of Fame, 1374
the Legend of Good Women, 1380-1385
troilus and Crisey, 1385
Parlement of Foules, 1400
Period: 1368 to 1426
Thomas HoccleveWriter famous for his heroic texts:
Hoccleve's Works, 1368
The regiment of princes, 1426
The Bureaucratic Muse, 1426
Period: 1370 to 1400
William LanglandFamous poetry writer such as:
Piers Plowman, 1370
Period: 1400 to 1500
John GowerFamous poetry writer with works such as:
Vox Clamantis, 1408
Mirour de lOmme,1410
Confessio Amantis, 1420
Chronicle tripertita, 1430
The Canterbury Tales, 1483
The Decameron, 1492
Period: 1400 to 1500
poet perla'sPearl poet. Anonymous poetry writer known as the "pearl poet", is author of works like Sir Gawain, The Green nigth. Its date of writing and publication is unknown.
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
Period: 1420 to 1460
john lydgateWriter of books dedicated to the upper class:
Troy Book, 1420
Fall of Princes, 1460
Period: 1463 to 1500
John SkeltonFamous poetry writer with works such as:
Boke de los Thre Foles, 1463
Boke de Phyllyp Sparowe ,1500
English Renaissance 1500 - 1660The so called modern age or renaissance. This period is often subdivided into four parts, including the Elizabethan Age (1558-1603), the Jacobean Age (1603-1625), the Carolina Age (1625-1649), and the Commonwealth Period (1649-1660).
Period: 1500 to
Christopher MarloweEnglish playwright, wrote notable works such as:
Dido, Queen of Carthage, 1585–1587
The Massacre at Paris, 1593 - 1594
The Passionate Shepherd to His Love, 1587–1588
Elizabethan Age (1558-1603)The golden age of English drama. Its most famous writers are: Christopher Marlowe, Francis Bacon, Edmund Spenser, Sir Walter Raleigh and, of course, William Shakespeare.
Period: 1564 to
William ShakespeareHis early plays were mainly comedies and histories and these works remain regarded as some of the best work produced in these genres. He then wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608
King Lear, 1606
Jacobean Age 1603-1625Jacobean Age is named after the reign of James I. Includes works by John Donne, Shakespeare, Michael Drayton, John Webster, Elizabeth Cary, Ben Jonson and Lady Mary
Francis BaconEnglish philosopher known as Mr. Verulamio. Contribution to the scientific method and scientific research.
Novum Organum, 1630 y 1650
Francis Bacon's philosophy
influenced the drafting of the Napoleonic Code
John DonneMetaphysical poet who wrote:
Paradoxes, Problemes, Essayes, Characters, 1652
Essayes in Divinity, 1651
Sermons Never Before Published, 1661
John Donne's 1622 Gunpowder Plot Sermon, 1606
Elizabeth CaryEnglish poet, playwright, translator and historian. She is the first known woman to have written and published an original play in English.
The mirror of the world, 1598
The Tragedy of Mariam, 1613
The History of the Life, Reign and Death of Edward II, 1680
King James VersionBible translation english
Carolina Age 1625-1649It begins with the reign of Carlos I its most prominent authors are: John Milton, Robert Burton y George Herbert
John MiltonEnglish poet and essayist, wrote famous works such as:
On the Morning of Christ's Nativity, 1629
Paradise Lost, 1667
The exercise of the magistracy and the reign, 1649
Treaty of civil power in ecclesiastical causes, 1659
Paradise Regained, 1671
Robert BurtonEnglish writer and fellow of Oxford University, best known for his encyclopedic book The Anatomy of Melancholy, 1621
George HerbertEnglish poet, orator and priest, who wrote metaphysical poems of religious depth such as the temple.
Commonwealth period 1649-1660Period between the end of the English Civil War and the restoration of the Stuart monarchy, countless writers who went against the Catholic Church were persecuted. The political writings of John Milton and Thomas Hobbes appeared.
Thomas HobbesEnglish philosopher considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy.
His best known work is Leviathan (1651), where he laid the foundations of contractual theory, which was highly influential in the development of Western political philosophy.
Andrew MarvellBritish poet, satirist and MP, wrote famous poems like To His Coy Mistress.
Puritan 1653- 1660English Protestants of the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to purify the Church of England of Catholic practices, arguing that the Church of England had not been completely reformed and should become more Protestant.
Elizabethan puritan movementClash with the authorities of the Church of England, and its temporarily effective suppression as a political movement in the 1590s by judicial means. The Elizabethan puritan movement written by Patrick Collinson
puritan jacobinoThe Calvinist era begins by John Calvin, when he opposed the Catholic Church and the Anabaptists and criticized the Catholic mass and that is why his followers broke with the Anglican Church.
Restoration age 1660 - 1700It is written about the last years of the reign of the House of Stuart in England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. The term refers to a series of works, with a relatively homogeneous style, that focus on the celebration or rejection of the restored court of Charles II.
John DrydenEnglish poet, literary critic, and playwright, who dominated literary life in English Restoration England to such an extent that it came to be known as the Dryden Age.
Of Dramatic Poesy, 1668
The Wild Gallant, 1663
The Hind and the Panther, 1687
The Conquest of Granada ,1670
John WilmotCount John Wilmot was a famous English writer and poet, known as the libertine in 2004 they made a movie called the libertine. his works were only published after his death.
Sodom, or the Quintessence of Debauchery, 1700
William WycherleyEnglish playwright and poet, whose works are typical of English Restoration literature.
Love in a Wood, or St. James's Park, 1671
The Gentlemen Dancing Master, 1672
The Plain-Dealer, 1674
The Country Wife, 1675
John BunyanEnglish Christian writer and preacher, famous for his novel The Pilgrim's Progress. he wrote famous Christian works, for which he is remembered with a festival on August 30 and on the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church on August 29.
Grace Abounding to the chief of sinners, 1666
The Life and Death of Mr. Badman, 1680
The Holy War, 1682
18th centuryThe England of the eighteenth century, ahead of the rest of Europe politically, socially and economically, replaced France in continental hegemony. The two most prominent literary phenomena of this time are the consolidation of the novel on its way to modernity and the pre-romantic affirmation of sentiment.
Daniel DefoeEnglish writer, journalist and pamphleteer, known worldwide for his novel Robinson Crusoe. He is recognized for promoting the novels of the English genre.
A Letter to a Dissenter from his Friend at the Hague 1688
The Life of Captain Singleton 1720
The Political History of the Devil 1726
Jonathan SwiftIrish satirical writer, with his books he criticizes trips to the new world with works such as Gulliver's Travels 1726. Curiously, the lirbus is usually read as children's literature, eliminating the last two parts, the most terrible.
Cadenus and Vanessa, 1726
On the Conduct of the Allies, 1711
A Complete Collection of Genteel and Ingenious Conversation, 1731
Alexander PopeAuthor of the burlesque epic,The Rape of the Lock 1713, one of the most recognized writers of the 18th century, noted particularly for his translations of Homer, his edition of the Works of Shakespeare and his satirical, philosophical and moral poetry.
The Works of Shakespeare, 1723
Essay on Man, 1734
The Prologue to the Satires, 1735
Laurence SterneIrish writer and comedian, famous for his work Tristam Shandy which is a metastory.
Mr Yorick's Sermons 1769
Sentimental journey through France and Italy, 1768
Romantic 1798 1837English romanticism begins after the rejection of bourgeois and industrialized society, to escape into the rural landscape, the historical past or exotic countries, in turn also begins the Gothic movement of medieval or exotic setting, with crimes, moonlit nights, mysteries . One of its main authors is Mary Shelley, who writes Frankenstein.
Mary ShelleyBritish writer, playwright, essayist and biographer. Known for her novel Frankenstein. She also edited promoted the works of her husband, the romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley.
William BlakeBritish poet, painter and printmaker. Although he remained largely unknown throughout his life, Blake's work is held in high regard today. Thanks to his poems considered works of art.
Dante's hell "artwork"
All Religions are One, 1788
The Emanation of The Giant Albion (Jerusalén), 1820
The French Revolution, 1791
William CollinsEnglish novelist, playwright and author of short stories. He is considered one of the creators of the detective novel genre, characterized by mystery and fantasy. his most relevant works
Rambles Beyond Railways, 1851
Mr. Wray's Cash Box, 1852
Dead end street, 1867
Poor Miss Finch, 1872
Victorian 1837 - 1901This period is named after the reign of Queen Victoria, who ascended to the throne in 1837, and lasts until her death in 1901. It was a time of great social, religious, intellectual and economic problems, due to the reforms that expanded the law to vote.
Charles DickensBritish writer, known for his most famous fictional characters in the world and considered by many to be the best novelist of the Victorian.
David Copperfield, 1849
Little Dorrit, 1855
Christmas Tales, 1943
The Cricket of the Hearth, 1845
Oliver Twist, 1837
Elizabeth Barrett BrowningVictorian era writer who was noted for her poetry. She campaigned for the abolition of slavery and her work helped influence the reform of the child labor legislation.
the Sonnets of the Portuguese, 1850
The windows of the Guidi house, 1851
Aurora Leigh, 1856
John RuskinWriter, art critic, sociologist, artist and social reformer, one of the great essayists of the time. he wrote works considered magnificent.
Political Economy of Art, 1857
Modern Painters, 1860
The Wild Olive Crown, 1866
The Amiens Bible, 1880
William Makepeace ThackerayEnglish realism novelist, illustrator and journalist.
Thackeray is renowned for his style of character portraits and his use of satire.
The Yellowplush Papers, 1837
Notes of a Journey from Cornhill to Grand Cairo, 1847
The Orphan of Pimlico, 1876
Modern literature 1901 1940The modern period is known for the works written after the First World War. Its characteristics are attributed to the way in which verse and drama are narrated with famous works, recognized all over the world.
Virginia WoolfBritish writer, author of novels, short stories, plays and other literary works; considered one of the most prominent figures of the avant-garde Anglo-Saxon modernism of the 20th century and of international feminism.
The voyage out, 1915
Mrs. Dalloway, 1925
or the lighthouse, 1927
The new dress, 1924
A haunted house and other short stories, 1944
Joseph ConradPolish novelist who adopted English as a literary language. His works explore the vulnerability and moral instability of the human being.
Almayer's Folly - A Story an Eastern River, 1895
The Nigger of the 'Narcissus' - A Tale of the Sea, 1897
he End of the Tether, 1902
The Rover, 1923
Arthur Conan DoyleBritish writer and physician, creator of the famous fictional detective Sherlock Holmes. He also wrote science fiction stories, historical novels, theater, and poetry.
The Hound of the Baskervilles, novel, 1901
The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes, 1924
The Exploits of Brigadier Gerard 1896
The British Campaign in France and Flanders: 1914
Dorothy RichardsonBritish novelist, poet and journalist.
The lon day, 1905
Honey Comb, 1917
The tunnel, 1919
Caryl ChurchillBritish playwright known for dramatizing abuses of power, for using non-naturalistic techniques, and for her exploration of sexual politics and feminist themes. She is alive today.
The Ants, radio drama, 1962
Abortive, radio drama, 1971
Objections to Sex and Violence, 1975
Post modern 1940 2000Post modern begins when the Second World War ends. Poststructuralist literary theory and criticism developed during this time.
Samuel BeckettIrish playwright, novelist, critic and poet, one of the most important representatives of 20th century literary experimentalism, within Anglo-Saxon modernism. He also stood out as a key figure in the so-called theater of the absurd.
Happy days, 1960
Come and Go, 1965
Dream of Fair to Middling Women, 1992
Malone dies, 1951
The Lost Ones, 1971
Stories and Texts for Nothing, 1954
Penelope LivelyBritish novelist, who wrote outstanding post modern works, is still alive today.
Lost Dog, 1996
A Martian Comes to Stay, 1995
A Stitch in Time, 1976
Boy Without a Name, 1975
Cleopatra's Sister, 1993
City of the Mind, 1991
Judgment Day, 1980
The Presence of the Past: An introduction to landscape history, 1976
Iain BanksScottish philologist, philosopher, psychologist and science fiction writer.
Walking on Glass, 1985
The Wasp Factory, 1984
A Song of Stone, 1997
Against a Dark Background, 1993
The State of the Art, 1991
John FowlesOutstanding British novelist and essayist among his most outstanding works are:
The French Lieutenant's Woman, 1969
Daniel Martin, 1977
To Maggot, 1985
Lyme Regis Camera, 1990
ContemporaryContemporary English literature begins from the new millennium, until today. There are currently a variety of prominent authors but I personally consider outstanding authors.
J.R.R TolkienKnown for being the author of fantastic classic novels. One of the greatest works of him known worldwide is undoubtedly "The Lord of the Rings" considered one of the great works of literature. His work together with the Hobbit, were taken to the movies.
The hobbit, developed in the Third Age of the Sun of Middle Earth.
The Lord of the rings
The Adventures of Tom Bombadil and other poems from The Red Book.
Bilbo's last song
The history of Middle Earth
The fall of Númenor
J. K. RowlingJoanne Rowling is known for being the author of the Harry Potter series of books with which she has surpassed close to five hundred million copies sold.
Harry Potter saga
An unexpected vacancy
Ian McEwabIan McEwan, is listed as one of the 50 best writers in current English literature, thanks to his outstanding novels. An active defender of human rights, he has participated in numerous acts against the war. He has won numerous awards for his work throughout his career.
Last day of summer
The law of the minor
In Between the Sheets