Fbbva 15 ciencia stephen hawking

Time Line of Stephen Hawking

  • 1942

    He was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, United Kingdom, where her parents Isobel Hawking and Frank Hawking moved, seeking greater security for the pregnancy of their first child.
  • 1950

    He moves to St Albans, where he attends the St Albans Girls Institute.
  • 1952

    He attends the homonymous school of St Albans School, where he is a good student, although not brilliant.
  • 1959

    Stephen is enrolled in natural sciences and is awarded a scholarship at University College Oxford. Once there he specializes in physics. During that time his interest focused on thermodynamics, relativity, and quantum mechanics.
  • 1962

    -He has a degree in Mathematics and Physics. During that time he was a young man with brilliant intelligence and an immense interest in science. -In October 1962 he began his doctoral studies at Cambridge Trinity Hall on theoretical physics and cosmology. -At his arrival in Cambridge, he began to develop symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, it didn't matter.
  • 1963

    -During a party he meets Jane Wilde, with whom he develops a friendship that becomes a romance. -During an ice skating session Stephen slides hitting his head hard. He is immediately diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a progressive neurodegenerative disease that would prevent him from moving and speaking and that would soon end his life.
  • 1965

    He is married to Jane Wilde, who supports him at all times.
  • 1966

    He obtained his doctorate in physics at Cambridge. His passion for studying the origin of the universe was on the rise and his research focused on the field of general relativity, particularly the physics of black holes.
  • 1967

    His son Robert Hawking born.
  • 1970

    -Approves the first of its several singularity theorems, which provide a series of conditions sufficient for the existence of a spatio-temporal singularity in space-time. -Born his daughter Lucy Hawking.
  • 1973

    He joins the Cambridge Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics.
  • 1974

    -Hawking is appointed member of the Royal Society. -It proposes, according to the predictions of quantum physics, that black holes emit thermal radiation until their energy is exhausted and extinguished.
  • 1975

    They give him the Eddington Medal.
  • 1977

    He entered the Cambridge Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, where he was appointed professor of Gravitational Physics.
  • 1979

    • His son Tim Hawking is born.
    -He begins his career as Professor Lucasiano at the University of Cambridge. -He receives the Albert Einstein Prize, considered the highest honor in Theoretical Physics.
  • 1980

    Access to the ownership of the Lucasian Chair of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics that took Isaac Newton in 1663.
  • 1985

    In Switzerland he had severe pneumonia and doctors advised removing the machine that kept him alive. He urgently moved to the UK and underwent a tracheostomy that saved his life but left him voiceless.
    During that period he lost all movement, and since then he only communicates through a voice synthesizer connected to his chair.
  • 1988

    His book "A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes", one of his best-known works, is published.
  • 1989

    He is awarded the Prince of Asturias Award.
  • 1990

    Hawking and Jane are separated. He is going to live with Elaine Mason, one of the nurses who takes care of him.
  • 1993

    Hawking publishes Black Holes and baby Universes and Other Essays.
  • 1995

    He marries Elaine Mason.
  • 2001

    He publishes The Universe in a Nutshell.
  • 2005

    -He only communicates by moving a muscle under his eye with which he activates a voice synthesizer. -Published A Briefer History of Time in collaboration with Leonard Mlodinow.
  • 2007

    He makes a flight to the stratosphere where he can experience weightlessness.
  • 2009

    -On 1 October he retires as a professor of physics and abandons the title of Lucasiana Chair of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge. From there he became director of research at the educational center. -He was awarded the Medal of Freedom. -He is admitted to a Cambridge medical center due to the severity of his condition.
  • 2012

    He is awarded the Special Prize for Fundamental Physics.
  • 2014

    He presents a new communication system devised by the multinational Intel. "Smart machines can end the human race," he says.
  • 2015

    He is awarded the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award.
  • 2016

    He embarks on the Breakthrough Starshot project (a tiny spacecraft sets out to travel to the Alpha Centauri star system) alongside Russian millionaire Yuri Milnerel and Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg.
  • 2018

    On March 14, 2018, at the age of 76, he passed away at his home in Cambridge, UK. The cause of his death was not disclosed, it was simply mentioned that he "expired in peace."