Freedmen's Bureau Bill was passed on March 3rd 1865. The Freedmen's Bureau set up schools for African americans and poor whites living in the South. It also helped to find jobs and helped to provide food for them.
Andrew Johnson becomes President of the United States
On March 4th 1865 Andrew Johnson became president of the United States. During his presidentcy he was impeached by Congress for being unconstitutional. He was the 17th president of the United States.
End of the Civil War
On April 9th the leader of the Confederate army, Robert E. Lee, surrenders.
On April 14th John Wilkes Booth Shot President Lincoln in the back of the head. Booth shot Lincoln while he was watching a play at Ford's Theater. Booth broke his leg while he was jumping out a window.
On December 6th Congress passed the thirteenth amendment. It abolished slavery in the United States. Slavery was no longer allowed in the U.S.
The Ku Klux Klan was founded
The first Ku Klux Klan was founded in Tennessee on December 24th. The Ku Klux Klan would frighten African Americans and whites who supported blacks. They would attack them and sometimes even kill them.
The Civil Rights Act of 1866
The civil rights act of 1866 was passed on April 9th 1866.
It gave equal rights to all citizens born in the United States. It also made sur that citizens could not be denied their rights because of their race, color, or culture.
Congress imposes Radical Reconstruction
Congress imposes Radical Reconstruction in 1866. The Rebuplicans gained control of reconstruction. Their plan was
more harsh on the soutthern states and former Confederates than Lincoln's plan for reconsturction.
President Johnson is impeachment
On November 21th 1867 President Andrew Johnson was impeached by Congress. Congress impeached him because they wanted to remove him from office. Congress clamied that Johnson was being unconsitutional.
On July 9th Congress passed the Fourteenth Amendment. The amendment granted full citizenship to all those born within the U.S. area. It makes sure that the states cannot deprive anyone of the life, and liberty because of their race or culture.
Ulysses S. Grant becomes president
Grant became president of the United States on March 4th 1869.
He was a general in the Civil War and won most of the votes.
He was president from 1869 to 1877.
On Febuary 3rd Congress passed the fifteenth amendment. The amendment gave african americans the right to vote. The South, however, made it hard for the freed african americans to vote.
Compormise of 1877
The Compormise of 1877 took place in 1877. It is also known as
Corrupt Bargain. It ended the Radical Reconstruction.
Homer Plessy boards a whites only car
On June 7th 1892 Homer Plessy boarded a car only for white partons. Homer was an african american. He refused to leave and was arrested and put in jail. His arrest led to the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson.
The case of Homer Plessy is taken to the Supreme Court.
On April 13th 1896 Homer Plessy's case was taken to the Supreme Court. John Ferguson ruled that Louisiana had the right to regulate railroad companies as long as they were within state boundries. The Supreme Court thought that this ruling was unconsitistional.