The history of short films

  • Etienne Jules Marey.

    Etienne Jules Marey was a French physiologist, a scientist that studied the body. Marey was is considered to be a pioneer of Photography and the history of cinematography. Marey created the chronophotographic gun which was made in 1882. The 'gun' could take 12 consecutive frames. He used this to record the movement of birds flight paths.
  • Le-Prince.

    Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince was an inventor who is considered by many film historians as the true father of motion pictures who shot the first moving pictures on paper film using a single lens camera.
  • The lumiere brothers

    The Lumiere brothers are thought of as the pioneers of film. They were among the first to creat a moving image. They managed this by looking at Edison's peephole Kinetoscope and changing it to become more light weight and practical. They named the device the Cinématographe. The Cinématographe used a film speed of 16 frames per a second.
  • Edwin S Porter.

    Edwin S Porter.
    In the late 18,90's Porter worked both as a projectionist and mechanic, eventually becoming director and cameraman for the Edison manafacturing company. Influenced by both the 'brighton scool' and the story films of eorges Melies. (director of The voyage to the moon)porter went on to make and direct important shorts such as 'life of the american fireman' (1903) he also helped to develop the modern concpt of continuity editing.
  • Charlie Chaplin

    Charlie Chaplin
    Charlie Chaplin was an english comic, actor, film director and composer best known for his work during the silent film era. He co-founded untied artists in 191 with Mary Pickford, Douglas fairbanks and D.W. Griffith. Chaplin wrote, directed and starred in most of his short films as well as composing some of the music.
  • 'arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat

    'arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat is a french short , black and white,silent, documentry film directed by The Lumiere brithers The first public showing was in january of 1895. The film consists of one continuous real time shot. The film is 50 seconds long. It was not shown at The Lumiere brothers first screening in december of 1895 in which 10 films were mentioned on the programme, 'arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat was not one of them.
  • Luis Buñuel

    Luis Buñuel is a spanish born film maker. In 1925 Buñuel moved to paris. He later found work in France as an assistant director to Jean Epstein on Mauprat (1926), Mario Nalpas on La Sirène des Tropiques (1927) starring Josephine Baker, and Epstein on La chute de la maison Usher (1928). Next, Buñuel co-wrote and directed a 16-minute short film, Un chien andalou (1929), The film contained several shocking images of a 'Freudian' nature. This was well recived by the surrealist movement of the time.
  • Le Voyage Dans Le Lune'

    Le Voyage Dans Le Lune'
    Le voyage dan le lune' or a voyage to the moon is a french short. Le voyage wa sthe first short science fiction film. The short was made in 1902. It was written and directed by Georges Melies. The film is apperently loosly based on two popular science fiction Novles of the time. One written by H.G Wells, the author of War of the worlds.
  • Francois Truffaut.

    Francois Truffaut.
    He founded his own production company 'les films du carrosse' in 1957. he also direscted les mistons in 1957 which he considered as the first real step of his cinemayographic work. His other big year was 1959 The huge success of his full length film The 400 blows, which is said to be the beggining of the new wave.
  • Ridley Scott

    Boy and bicycleRidley Scott is a director. Scott directed films such as Alien and Black Hawk Down.
  • French New wave *(le Nouvelle Vague)

    Most agree that french new wave was at it's peak between 1958 and 1964. French new wave was a term often associated with a group of film maker of the late 1950's and 1960'. The term was first used by journalist Francoise Giroud in 1958