Roll of film

The History of Film

  • Peter Mark Roget

    Peter Mark Roget
    Roget first described the illusion of motion in a paper entitled 'Explanation of an optical deception in the appearance of the spokes of a wheel seen through verticalapertyres'
  • Fantascope

    Also known as the spindle-viewer, Joseph Plateau invented the Fantascope. The Fantascope simulated motion by having a series of photos arranged around the edges of a disk. When the disk spun, it gave the perception of a moving picture.
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    D. W. Griffith

    Considered a film genius, and the Father of Continuity Editing, Griffith realized that emotions could be elicited not only through the angles of the cameras, but also through the pace of editing. He was focused on making the cinema experience very real.
  • Eadweard Muybridge

    Eadweard Muybridge
    Muybridge used several cameras to discover if all four of a horse's feet left the ground. A thread was attached to each camera, so as the horse went by, it triggered the thread. When the thread was triggered, a shot was taken. The study became known as Sallie Gardner at a Gallop.
  • Chronophotographic Gun

    Chronophotographic Gun
    Etieene-Jules Marey created a chronophotgraphic gun that could take up to 12 frames per second. This technology became known as chronophotography or serial film.
  • Roundhay Garden Scene

    Roundhay Garden Scene
    Louis le Prince created what is regarded as the first real film.
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    Dickson Experimental Sound Film

    First known film to include live-recorded sound.
  • The Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze

    The Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze
    First film to be registered for copyright.
  • Audience Viewing

    Audience Viewing
    Charles Francis Jenkins bcomes the forst person to project a filmed motion picture onto a scren using a Phantoscope. Not only is this the first film to be projected in front of an audience, but it is also the first film with color. All the frames were handpainted.
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    Lumiere Brothers

    The brothers patented the Cinematographe. the Cinematographe was a portable hand-held device that projected films on a screen to several people. The brothers took this device and used it to show workers leaving the Lumiere factory.
  • Young Griffo vs. Battling Charles Barnet

    Young Griffo vs. Battling Charles Barnet
    Was the first film to be viewed by a paying audience at 153 Broaadway in NYC.
  • The Kiss

    The Kiss
    First film to show a couple kissing. Actors May Irwin and John Rice re-enacted the kiss from the stage musical 'The Widow Jones'. It was criticized intently, and brought about demands for censorship
  • Kinetoscope

    Thomwas Edison patented the kinetoscope. The kinetoscope was a "box-like viewing device" that became to be known as peep-show cabinets.
  • Georges Melies

    Georges Melies
    Known as the Father of Special Effects, Georges Mieles was the first person to use stop motion photography, double and multiple exposures, and time-lapse photography. His special effects included dissappearing objects, and dissolves/fades. One of his well known films 'A Trip tp the Moon' was released on Sep. 1, 1902.
  • The Life of an American Fireman

    The Life of an American Fireman
    Was shot in late 1902 by Edwin S. Porter. It is regarded as the first American documentary. The film used re-enacted scenes, and a "thought ballon" to convey the thoughts of a sleeping fireman. It dipicted the rescue of a woman and child from a burning building.
  • Great Train Robbery

    Great Train Robbery
    First western film with an actual storyline. The editing consisted of cross-cutting and double exposure composite editing. The making of the film included camera movement and on location shooting. some prints were hand colored in certain scenes.
  • The Story of the kelly Gang

    The Story of the kelly Gang
    Was the first film to last more than an hour.
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    The Move

    Independent film makers make the move to the west coast in an attempt to avoid The Edison Trust. Most of these film companies moved to Hollywood.
  • The Edison Trust

    The Edison Trust
    Formally known as the Motion Pictures Parents Company, the trust legally monopolized the film industry. Made up of mostly east coast film companies, they raised admission prices, limited censorship, and prevented film stock from getting to non-members.
  • A New Era

    A New Era
    The MPPC is declared an illegal monopoly and is ordered to pay over $20 million in damages. In 1917 it was ordered to disband by the Supreme Court. However, the MPPC control was already over as the independent film studios had moved to Hollywood and made it the center of film production.