The evolution of the spanish educational system

Timeline created by martaaguese
In History
  • Constitution 1812

    Principles of freedom, equality and property. Universaly of Primary Education
  • Quintana Report 1814

    Instruction equal, universal, public and free.
    Not female education mentioned
  • Coup d'etat 1814

    Annulled the constitution
  • General Regulations of Public Instruction (1821)

    Structure: (early, middle and higher)
    Regulation of education
    Free public education
  • Calomarde Plan 1821-1823

    Instruction: guarantee the permanence of the absolutist system.
    Uniformity, centralization and regulation of universities.
    Hierarchical articulation of government, inspection and management.
    General Regulation on public instruction 1821 ABOLISHED
  • 1824 plan

    Selection for university acces and scientific and human perparation.
    Curiosity: Conditions of houses that receive students.
  • Implementation of article 25 Constitution

    Obligation how to read and write
  • Duue de Rivas' Plan (1836)

    Barely in force, but it is considered as a precedent of the future Moyano Law
  • Constitution 1845

    Elimination of manifestation of radicalism or idealistic attitudes.
  • General Study Plan 1845 (Pidal Plan)

    Universal and free education renounced
  • MOYANO LAW 1857

    Legal promotion of private, catholic education.
    Integration of technical and profesional studies into postsecondary education.
    Liberal education system
    Regulation of centres and training.
    Primary free for who can afford it.
    Secularisationd and limited teaching freedom.
    Divided into:
    1) First education (compulsory and free): elementary and higuer education.
    2) Secundary: 6 years (general studies)
    3) Higher education: university
  • First Republic (1873)

    Teaching freedom
  • Spanish restoration (1874-1923)

    Conservative system with progressive principles.
    Teachers paid by the public treasury.

    By a group of professors.
    Defense of academic freedom
  • Second Republic (1931-1936)

    Recognition different languages in the state.
    Attention to primary education
    Eradication of illiteracy.
    Education as a basic necessity.
    Pedagogical missions.
  • Francoism 1939-1975

    Law on Public Instruction and Law on Middle education planning. Transmitting ideology. Family, church and state. Fascist oriented national catholic thought
  • General law on Education 1970

    Education from 6 to 14 years.
    Four levels: preeschool, general basic education, middle school and University.
    Relation between education system and labour market.
    Presence of private education at non university levels.
  • Spanish constitution of 1978

    Article 27: Education compulsory and free.
    Autonomy of universities.
  • Organic law regulatin the status of school centres (1980)

    Democratisation of management.
    Governing bodies restructured and creation of School Councils.
  • Organic Law on the Right to Education (1985)

    Education for all. Compulsory and free without discrimination.
    Participation of the educactional community.
    Control public centres and maintenance of state subsided private centres.
  • Organic law on the general planning of the spanish educational system (1990)

    Free and compulsory education: 6/16 years.
    Quality of teaching: teacher training, programming, innovation...
    New stages and curricula.
    Attention to diversity: open curriculum, compensation for inequalities.
    School councils reinforced.
    Professional development of teachers.
    Effectiveness of inspection.
  • Organic law on education quality (2002)

    Prevent school failure.
    Raise the level of training. Culture of hard work and assessment.
    Improve conditions of the teachers.
  • Organic Law on Education

    Essential public service.
    Acquisition of basic skills, guideliness of the European Union.
    Religion: optional.
    Education for citizenship. Compulsory.
    Diagnostic assessment in primary and secondary.
    Repeat only one year in primary and two in secundary.
    End of automatic promotion (2 failed subjects)
  • Organic law on the improvement of the quality of education (2013)

    Religion offered.
    Parents freedom of choice (state subsidised private education).
    Fourth year secondary: choose betwin academic education or applied teaching.
    Guarantee of students right to study in spanish.