The Cold War Timeline

  • Period: to

    Yalta Conference

    Meeting between Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin to decide what would happen at the end of the war. Topics discussed included –
    Partitioning of Germany
    Fate of Poland
    The United Nations
    German reparations
  • V E Day

    V E Day
    Victory in Europe as Germany surrenders to the Russian army.
  • Period: to

    Potsdam Conference

    The Potsdam Conference formally divided Germany and Austria into four zones. It was also agreed that the German capital Berlin would be divided into four zones. The Russian Polish border was determined and Korea was to be divided into Soviet and American zones
  • Hiroshima

    The United States dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
  • Nagasaki

    The United States dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki.
  • V J Day

    V J Day
    The Japanese surrendered bringing World War Two to an end.
  • Vietnam Independence

    Vietnam Independence
    Ho Chi Minh proclaimed Vietnam an independent republic.
  • Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech

    Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech
    Churchill delivers his "Sinews of Peace" speech which contain the famous phrase iron curtain has descended on Europe.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    President Truman promised to help any country facing a Communist takeover.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    This was a programme of economic aim offered by the United States to any European country in exchange of supporting the capitalism.
  • Formation of West Germany

    Formation of West Germany
    The French, USA and Uk partitions of Germany were merged to form West.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    It was a plan leaded by Russian´s that consisted in cutting the road to those living in Western with the aim of living them without access to food and face the starvation.
  • NATO formed

    NATO formed
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation formed by some European countries and United States.
  • End of Berlin Blockade

    End of Berlin Blockade
    Russia ended the blockade of Berlin.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    The Korean war began when North Korea invaded South Korea.
  • Death of Stalin

    Death of Stalin
    Joseph Stalin died at the age of 74. He was succeeded by nikita Khrushchev.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    The Korean War ended. North Korea remained affiliated with Russia while South Korea was affiliated with the USA.
  • Period: to

    Geneva Accords

    This set of documents ended the French war with the Vietminh and divided Vietnam into North and South states. The communist leader of North Vietnam was Ho Chi Minh while the US friendly south was led by Ngo Dinh Diem.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Pact was formed with member states East Germany, Cszechoslovakia,Poland, Hungary, Romania, Albania, Bulgaria and the Soviet Union.
  • Suez Crisis

    Suez Crisis
    Following military bombardment by Israeli forces, a joint British and French force invaded Egypt to regain control of the Suez Canal which had been nationalised by the Egyptian leader Nasser. The attack was heavily criticised by World leaders, especially America because Russia had offered support to Egypt. The British and French were forced to withdraw and a UN peace keeping force was sent to establish order.
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    USSR Sputnik II carried Laika the dog, the first living creature to go into space.
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    Russian cosmonaut Yuri Alekseyvich Gagarin became the first human being in space.
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bay of Pigs Invasion
    A force of Cuban exiles attempted to invade Cuba and overturn the Communist Government of Fidel Castro. The attempt failed.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    Berlin wall built and borders sealed between East and West Germany.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    A US spy plane reported sighting the construction of a Soviet nuclear missile base in Cuba. President Kennedy set up a naval blockade and demanded the removal of the missiles. Russians agreed on 28th October to remove the weapons. The United States agreed not to invade Cuba.
  • JFK Assassination

    JFK Assassination
    JF Kennedy was assassinated while on a visit to Dallas. Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the murder. There has always been speculation that he was not a lone killer and that there may have been communist or CIA complicity.
  • USSR

    Nikita Krushchev removed from office. He was replaced by Leonid Brezhnev.
  • Vietnam war

    Vietnam war
    150,000 US troops sent to Vietnam.
  • Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia

    Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia
    Warsaw Pact forces entered Czechoslovakia to stop the reforms known as ‘Prague Spring’ instigated by Alexander Dubcek. When he refused to stop his programme of reforms Dubcek was arrested.
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    US launched Apollo 8 – first manned orbit of the Moon.
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    US Apollo 11 landed on the Moon and Neil Armstrong became the first man on the Moon.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    President Richard Nixon ordered US troops to go to Cambodia.
  • Vietnam

    The Paris Peace Accords ended American involvement in Vietnam.
  • Cambodia Killing fields

    Cambodia Killing fields
    The Khmer Rouge attacked and took control of Cambodia. Any supporters of the former regime, governments as well as many intellectuals and professionals were executed in a genocide that became known as the ‘killing fields
  • Vietnam

    North Vietnam invaded South Vietnam. The capture of Saigon by the North Vietnamese led to the whole country becoming Communist
  • Apollo-Soyuz Test Project

    Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
    Joint space venture between USA and USSR heralded as an end to the ‘Space Race’
  • Carter President

    Carter President
    Jimmy Carter became the 39th President of the United States
  • Afghanistan

    Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan
  • Olympic Boycott by USA

    Olympic Boycott by USA
    A number of countries including the USA boycotted the summer Olympics held in Moscow in protest at the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
  • Olympic Boycott by Russia

    Olympic Boycott by Russia
    Russia and 13 allied countries boycotted the summer Olympics held in Los Angeles in retaliation for the US boycott of 1980.
  • Govbachov leader of USSR

    Govbachov leader of USSR
    Mikhail Gorbachev became leader of the Soviet Union
  • Chernobyl Disaster

    Chernobyl Disaster
    An explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Ukraine remains the worst nuclear disaster in history
  • Glasnot and Perestroika

    Glasnot and Perestroika
    Mikhail Gorbachev announced his intention to follow a policy of glasnost – openness, transparency and freedom of speech; and perestroika – restructuring of government and economy. He also advocated free elections and ending the arms race.
  • Afghanistan

    The last Soviet troops left Afghanistan
  • Tiananmen Square

    Tiananmen Square
    Anti Communist protests in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, China were crushed by the government. The death count is unknown.
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    The Berlin wall was torn down
  • Period: to

    Velvet Revolution

    The Velvet Revolution, also known as the Gentle Revolution, was a series of peaceful protests in Czechoslovakia that led to the overthrow of the Communist government.
  • Malta Summit

    Malta Summit
    This meeting between Mikhail Gorbachov and George H W Bush reversed much of the provisions of the Yalta Conference 1945. It is seen by some as the beginning of the end of the cold war.
  • German reunification

    German reunification
    East and West Germany were reunited as one country.
  • End of Warsaw Pact

    End of Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Pact which allied Communist countries was ended

    The Strategic Arms Reduction treaty was signed between Russia and the USA
  • Gorbachev resigned

    Gorbachev resigned
    Mikhail Gorbachev resigned. The hammer and sickle flag on the Kremlin was lowered
  • End of the Soviet Union

    End of the Soviet Union
    Russia formally recognised the end of the Soviet Union