The Cold War

Timeline created by chris roth
In History
  • "Iron Curtain" Speech

    "Iron Curtain" Speech
    Whinston Churchill gave this speech at a small collage in Fulton, Missouri. He gave this speach to tell people about how the Soviet Union is taking control of multiple countries. Those counties are also slowly gaining a Communist government.
  • The Truman Doctrine

    The Truman Doctrine
    this was America's way of helping the struggling countries, specificaly Turkey and Greece. They sent money, and military force to get the communists out of those countries. This Doctine also lead to the Berlin airlift.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    This was the primary plan of the United States for rebuilding and creating a stronger foundation for the allied countries of Europe. The plan also offered the same aid to the USSR and its allies, but they did not accept it. They feared that they would be told to change to capitalism.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    This blockade was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War and the first resulting in casualties. During the multinational occupation of post-World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway and road access to the sectors of Berlin under Allied control. In responce the Allies organized the Berlin airlift.
  • Mao Zedong takes over Cina

    Mao Zedong takes over Cina
    This man was a Chinese revolutionary, political theorist and communist leader. Mao's social-political programs, such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, are blamed for costing millions of lives, causing severe famine and damage to the culture, society and economy of China. His policies and political purges from 1949 to 1976 are widely believed to have caused the deaths of between 50 to 70 million people.
  • NATO

    NATO
    This was an alliance of various countries with the purpose to defend each other in case that a member state is under attack by an other nation or organization. More specificaly it was meant to protect against the Soviet Union.
  • Senator MacCarthy's Communist hunt

    Senator MacCarthy's Communist hunt
    The man claimed to possess a list of 57 State Department employees who were known Communist moles. But instead of turning it over to the FBI for investigation, McCarthy chose to hold Congressional hearings to investigate the claims personally. This created the term of McCarthyism.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    North Korea invaded South Korea pushing all the way to the tip of the peninsula in a matter of months. The US soon gives aid by landing in Incheon. With the help of the US, the South pushes back up to the Chinese border.
  • Rosenberg Executions

    Rosenberg Executions
    Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg and Julius Rosenberg were United States citizens convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage during a time of war, and executed. Their charges were related to the passing of information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    This was the treaty between Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union, which was signed in Poland. This treaty bound its signatories to come to the aid of the others, should any one of them be the victim of foreign aggression.this was more directed towards fighting communism.
  • Soviets invade Hungary

    Soviets invade Hungary
    The Soviet occupation of Hungary, followed the defeat of Hungary in World War II, lasted for 45 years ending in 1991 shortly before the collapse of the Soviet Union.
  • Sputnik was launched

    Sputnik was launched
    Sputnik was the first man made orbiting satellite. it was built by the Rusians and was built to help monitor weather. it also put Russia in the lead of the space race.
  • Fidel Castro controls Cuba

    Fidel Castro controls Cuba
    Fidel Castro took control of Cuba by force and remained its dictatorial leader for nearly five decades. He was the leader of the only communist country in the Western Hemisphere. He created an alliance with Russia that lead to the Cuban Missile Crisis.
  • US spy plane shot down over Russia

    US spy plane shot down over Russia
    An American U-2 spy plane is shot down while conducting espionage over the Soviet Union. This excelerated a meeting between President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev that was scheduled for later that month. This event lead to other more escalated events.
  • Bay of Pigs invasion

    Bay of Pigs invasion
    This was an unsuccessful attempt by United States to invade and take-over Cuba. The outcome of this invasion led President Dwight D. Eisenhower to break off diplomatic relations with Cuba. The failure of this event meant that America had to find a different way of getting into Cuba.
  • The Berlin Wall construction

    The Berlin Wall construction
    The Berlin Wall was both the physical division between West Berlin and East Germany from 1961 to 1989 and the symbolic boundary between democracy and Communism throughout the war. This wall was used for 28 years before it was destroid.
  • US increased involvement in Vietnam

    US increased involvement in Vietnam
    It represented a successful attempt on the part of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam. In this war America lost 58,209 soldiers, and had 153,303 wounded.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    Durring this crisis Russia placed nuclear missiles on Cuba threatening to fire them on America. This is the closest the world has ever come to total nuclear war. Making this a substantial part of history.
  • SALT I is signed

    SALT I is signed
    This ended with agreements on two documents: the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and the Interim Agreement on the Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms. This stated that between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. a five-year duration will freeze the number of strategic ballistic missiles at 1972 levels.
  • Russia invades Afghanistan

    Russia invades Afghanistan
    The Soviet Union intervened in support of the Afghan communist government in its conflict with anticommunist Muslim guerrillas during the Afghan War. Afghanistan’s centrist government, headed by Pres. Mohammad Daud Khan, was overthrown by left-wing military officers led by Nur Mohammad Taraki. Power was thereafter shared by two Marxist-Leninist political groups.
  • Reagan proposes Strategic Defence Initiative

    Reagan proposes Strategic Defence Initiative
    It was a proposed defensive shield to shoot down enemy missiles. The program was very expensive but resulted in winning the Cold War with the Soviets.
  • Reagan and Gorbachev come to an agreement

    Reagan and Gorbachev come to an agreement
    These two leaders came to an agreement to avoid war. Though there had already been an agreement signed this is what truely solved the problem.
  • Berlin Wall falls

    Berlin Wall falls
  • End of Soviet Russia

    End of Soviet Russia
    The fall of the Soviet Union also ended the Cold War. Making America successfull in avoiding nuclear war.
  • Period: to

    The Cold War