The Cold War

By grant96
  • Stalin

    Stalin was the complete leader of the Soviet Union from the mid 1920's until his death in 1953. Stalin was born into a poor family in Georigia. He turned the Soviet Union into a superpower, which noone else could have done (h.s.).
  • United Nations

    United Nations
    The United Nations was formed on June 6, 1945. It is the largest international organization in the world. The primary aim of this organization was at the economical and security of the United States. It was also aimed at civil rights and human rights. The main reason for starting this organization was to promote world peace (h.s.)
  • Vietnam

    During this time, Vietnam was under a communist government. It eventually began to have political and economical reforms through the countries government. Vietnam is a place where many countries, including the United States, fought (h.s.).
  • Iron Curtain

    Iron Curtain
    When Churchill was not reelected as Brittains Prime Minister, he traveled by train with Harry Truman to give hihs Iron Curtain speech. The Iron Curtain was a barrier set up by the Soviet Union after World War II. It was meant to seal off itself and western countries (h.s.).
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    With the Truman Doctrine, President Harry S. Truman established that the United States would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces. The doctrine stated that we would also support Greek and its economy. The truman Doctrine effectively reestablished the U.S. foriegn policy (h.s.).
  • The Marshall Plan

    The Marshall Plan
    The Marshall Plan was established in April of 1948. The Marshall Plan was in tact for 4 years.It was set up to help pay for European war damages and help rebuild their economies (h.s.).
  • European Economic Cooperation

    European Economic Cooperation
    This cooperation originated from the Marshall Plan andd the Conference of Sixteen. It was established on April 16, 1948. It was established for the reconstruction of countries from war. In this cooperation, therewere many, many different countires involved (h.s.).
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The Berlin Airlift was founded in june 24, 1948. This was an airlift that provided food and fuel to citizens. This carried more than 2.3 million tons of cargo for the citizens. During the Berlin Airlift, coal represented two thirds of tonnage. Many of the pilots came from Australia, Canada, South Africa and New Zealand (h.s.)
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is also known as "NATO." It was established on April 4, 1949. It was established by Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United States. This treaty was aimed at the freedom of the North Atlantic.
  • Peoples Republic of China

    Peoples Republic of China
    On October 1, 1949, the Peoples Republic of China was oficially established. The national capital was in Beijing.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    The Korean War began when about 75,000 soldiers from north korea crossed the 38th Parallel. This was the first military action in the cold war. We entered the war to help South Korea. At the end of the war, about 5 million soldiers and civilians were killed in North Korea. To this day, because of the war, Korea is still divided (h.s.).
  • Explosion of the First Hydrogen Bomb

    Explosion of the First Hydrogen Bomb
    On November 1, 1952, the U.S. performed their first hydrogen bomb test in the Marshall Island. It took two weeks for anyone else to hear about the testing. The next country to explode a hydrogen bomb was Russia in 1953. the first enemy that we used this bomb on was Hiroshima (h.s.).
  • Krushchev

    In 1953, Nikita Krushchev became First Secretary of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union. He served from 1953 to 1964. He also seved as Chairsman of the Council of Ministers. He succeeded Joseph Stalin (h.s.).
  • KGB (Commitee for State Security)

    KGB (Commitee for State Security)
    This commitee was established i 1954 in Moscow, Russia. It was originally made for a state security commitee. It eventually became the worlds largest spy and state- security machine. More than 500,000 people worked for this commitee. The main intentions of the KGB were to gather intelligence in other nations (h.s.).
  • Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh
    Ho Chi Minh took his leadership in the year of 1954. He led the Vietnamese Nationalist Movement for more that three decdes. He was also a Prime Minister. During his time in office, he led the longest and most expensive battle. During WWI, he lived in France.In 1930, he helped find the Indochinese Communist party (h.s.).
  • Geneva Accords

    Geneva Accords
    The Geneva Accords was established on July 20, 1954. The Geneva Accords said that Vietnam was to become an independant country. In 1956, there was an election held to see what type of government Vietnam would have. The Geneva Accords was meant to end the wars (h.s.).
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    On May 14, 1955, the Warsaw Pact was established. The Warsaw Pact was a treaty between eight different communist states. The treaty was established by the Soviet Union. The pact was mostly communism.
  • Suez Canal/ Nasser

    Suez Canal/ Nasser
    The Suez Canal happened on October 29, 1956. It was a confrontation between Egypt, Brittain, France, and Isreal. This confrontation drew in many countries from all over to keep up with the fighting (h.s.).
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik was launched into orbit on October 4, 1957. The size of it was 585 mm in diameter. It went about 359 miles into the air. It was visible all around earth and its radio was very detectable. It was the first artificial satelite launched into space (h.s.).
  • Berlin Wall Is Erected

    Berlin Wall Is Erected
    The Berlin Wall was the physical division between West Berlin and East Germany. It was built on August 13, 1961. When the wall was taken down, it marked the end of the Cold War (h.s.)
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    This was a thirteen day military and political battle between the US and Soviet Union.This happened in October of 1962. During this, President Kennedy set up a blockade around Cuba. During the Cuban Missle Crisis, it taught the United States what cantainment felt like (h.s.).
  • Brezhnev

    He was the General Secratary of the Communist party of the Soviet Union. He started his ruling on May 7, 1964. He helped to elevate the Soviet Union. He served the second longest term as political leader, next to Stalin. He showed no intention of lessening the Cold War (h.s.).
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    The Tet Offensive was a coordinated series of attacks on more than 100 cities. Some cities were taken over in a matter of hours. Other times, it took weeks for the city to get taken over.
  • Helsinki Accords

    Helsinki Accords
    On August 1, 1975, the Helsinki Accords was founded. Helsinki Accords, also called Helsinki Final Act, was a major diplomatic agreement. This was formed to relieve tensions between the Soviet and the Western blocks. The act was signed by all countries in Europe. This act, or treaty, was also meant to uphold human rights (h.s.).
  • Iranian Hostage Crisis

    Iranian Hostage Crisis
    On November 4, 1979, a group of Iranians went to the U.S. Embassy and took more than 60 hostages. The cause of this action was President Carter's allowing Iran to come help with cancer treatment. after 444 days of the Iranian students holding hostages, they freed them (h.s.).
  • Russian Invasion of Afghanistan

    Russian Invasion of Afghanistan
    On Christmas of 1979, Russians attacked Kabal, the capital of Afghanistan. The country was already in the middle of the civil war. The war ended in 1989 in Afghanistan.
  • Moscow Olympics

    Moscow Olympics
    On July 18, 1980. Russia held the olympics for this year. Many people boycotted this because of the war in Afghanistan. It was the first olympics that Russia had ever held in all of the years that they have been around (h.s.).
  • Los Angeles Olympics

    Los Angeles Olympics
    The Los Angeles Olympics took place on July 28, 1984. The olympics were going on during a major crisis in Europe. The Los Angeles Olympics were historically significant because many European countries boycotted and or refused to join the olympics this year (h.s.).
  • Gorbachev

    In 1985, Gorbachev became a Soviet Statesman. Mikhail Gorbachev was the last General Secretary of the Soviet Union. During his time in office, he brought alot of social, economical, and political changes to the Soviet Union. As soon as Gorbachev took office, he immediately began reforms (h.s.).
  • Perestroika and Glasnost

    Perestroika and Glasnost
    They were basically watchouts for Mikhail Gorbachev. They were suposed to be very secretive (h.s.)
  • Chernobyl

    The Chernobyl accident happened on April 26, 1989. It was a nuclear accident in a nuclear power plant. During this explosion, about five percent radioactive reactors in the air. During this nuclear explosion, many people died (h.s.).
  • Berlin Wall Is Torn Down

    Berlin Wall Is Torn Down
    On November 9, 1989, not all of the wall was torn down. People did it over time. through the weeks of November 9 to December 24, people from all over the world brought sludgehammers and other things to help tear down the wall. Eventually, there was a big enough hole in the wall to help Germans travel through the wall for trade. The wall was torn down as a symbol of freedom (h.s.).
  • Leh Walesa and the Soliderity Movement in Poland

    Leh Walesa and the Soliderity Movement in Poland
    On December 22, 1990, Lech was he helped find the Soliderity Movement in Poland. He also served as president of Poland in his years of living. The Soliderity Movement was historically significant because it changed Poland dramatically(h.s.).
  • Yeltsin

    On June 10, 1991, Yeltsin became a politician of Russia. He became the first President of the Russian Federation. When Russia gained its freedom, he was the first person to become president (h.s.).
  • End of USSR

    End of USSR
    In 1991, the Soviet Union split up into fifteen sperate countries. The USSR was a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia. Originally, it was established in 1922. When the USSR fell, it was a sign of freedom for the west (h.s.).
  • Putin

    Vlademier Putin has been president of Russia since May 7, 2012. Before this, he served as prime minister and president again. He was president from 2000- 2008. He was Prime Minister from 1999 to 2000. Before all of this, he was an officer in the KGB. He rose to the position of Lieutenant Colonel (h.s.).