The Cold War

  • Stalin

    Stalin
    He was the leader of the Soviet Union until he died in 1953. He started Socialism in the Soviet Union and made it a command economy. He was in charge during a period of industrialization and collectivization that changed the Soviet Union.
  • United Nations

    United Nations
    It was formed to replace the League of Nations. Its main goal is to promote cooperation with other countries and try to establish world peace.
  • Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh
    He was the Prime Minister of Vietnam. He was a communist leader of North Vietnam. He founded the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and formed the Viet Cong.
  • Vietnam

    Vietnam
    It was officially adopted in 1945. It was then split into north and south, and then reunified on July 2, 1976. It was the source of the Vietnam war during the Cold War, causing more tension.
  • Iron Curtain

    Iron Curtain
    A symbol that represented the dividing of Europe. It divided the Communists and the democrats.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    It was a relations policy that was talked about in Trumans speech. It said that the US would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid so they wouldnt fall to the Soviets. It is considered the start of the Cold War and the efforts to stop Soviet expansion.
  • The Marshall Plan

    The Marshall Plan
    It was a plan used by the US to help European countries rebuild after World War II. The US gave money to European countries so they could rebuild and make their economy better. It helped stop the spread of Communism at the same time.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    It was organized by the Western Allies to carry supplies and goods, such as fuel and food, to the people in West Berlin. The US, British, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa were all involved in carrying the goods. They brought in 4700 tons of supplies each day. It showed that West Berlin's allies weren't going to give up and it was still important.
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    It is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty. An American said its main gail was to kettp the Russians out, Americans in, and the Germans down. Its members agree to "mutual defense in response to an attack by by and external party."
  • Peoples Republic of China

    Peoples Republic of China
    Moa Zedong was Communist and in charge of it. Moa's main goal for the Peoples Republic of China was to change it from Communist to Socialsit.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    It was a War fought between North Korea and South Korea at the end of World War II. The Korean Demilitarized Zone was formed on the border of North and South Korea. North and South Korea are now their own countries.
  • Explosion of the first Hydrogen Bomb

    Explosion of the first Hydrogen Bomb
    First dropped by the US in the Eniwetoc atoll in the Pacific Ocean. It put the US ahead in the nuclear arms race with the Soviet Union
  • Khrushchev

    Khrushchev
    He was the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Chairman of the Council of Ministers during the Cold War. He was part of the de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union and helped with the space program.
  • KGB (Committee for State Agreement)

    KGB (Committee for State Agreement)
    It was the main security agency in the Soviet Union. It was a secret police and a military service. Its main functions are foreign intelligence, guarding the border of USSR, and guarding the leaders of the government.
  • Geneva Accords

    Geneva Accords
    It was a conference in Geneva, Switzerland where they discussed how to unify Vietnam and make peace in Indochina. Set agreements that seperated Vietnam into two zones
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    It was a mutaul defense treaty founded by the Soviet Union with 8 communist states. It was a reaction to NATO. It was formed to prevent an attack on the Soviet Union
  • Suez Canal/ Nasser

    Suez Canal/ Nasser
    Nasser was the President of Egypt. He made the decision to natinoalize the Suez Canal. It started the Suez Crisis
  • European Economic Cooperation

    European Economic Cooperation
    International organization created by the Treaty of Rome. It had 6 founding members. Its goal was to bring economic integration, including a common market.
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik
    Satellite that orbits low around the Earth, launched by the Soviet Union. It was the first artilficial Earth satellite. It started the space age and space race
  • Berlin Wall is erected

    Berlin Wall is erected
    The Berlin Wall is also known as "The Iron Curatain." It was built by the people from East Germany. The Berlin Wall split East Germany and West Germany and it divided the communist countries and the other countries to stop the spread of communism.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    A confrontation between the Soviet Union and the US that happened in Cuba for 13 days. Its significant because it scared the people of US until the Soviet Union took their nuclear weapons out of Cuba and the US took their nuclear weapons out of Turkey and Italy.
  • Brezhnev

    Brezhnev
    He had an 18 year term as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He was in charge of the USSR during the Cold War and the Nuclear Arms race.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    Military campaign used by the Viet Cong in the Vietnam War. It was a series of surprise attacks on South Vietnam that stunned them. They were not expecting attacks because they both agreed not to attack during the holidays.
  • Helsinki Accords

    Helsinki Accords
    It was a Conference held in Helsinki, Finland. It was an attempt to make the relations between the Communist bloc and the West better. It helped relieve tensions and was a step to ending the Cold War.
  • Iranian Hostage Crisis

    Iranian Hostage Crisis
    Diplomatic Crisis between Iran and the US that took place in Tehran, Iran. Islamist people supporting Iran took over the American Embassy in Tehran held 52 Americans hostage for 444 days. It started US legal action against Iran and weakend ties between the US and Iran.
  • Russian Invasion of Afghanistan

    Russian Invasion of Afghanistan
    A Soviet War in Afghanistan that lasted 9 years. It caused more tension and caused the US boycott of the 1980 olympic games.
  • Moscow Olympics

    Moscow Olympics
    The olympic games were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. They were the first games to be held in Eastern Europe. Many countries, including the US, boycotted the games because of the Soviet war in Afghanistan.
  • Los Angeles Olympics

    Los Angeles Olympics
    The olympic games were held in Los Angeles, California for the first time since 1932. Many of the Eastern Bloc countries boycotted the games and did not participate.
  • Perestroika and Glasnost

    Perestroika and Glasnost
    This means restructuring and openess. It took place during Gorbachev's time. It was a program to change economic practice, internal affairs and international affairs. It spread to other countries and ended the Cold War.
  • Chernobyl

    Chernobyl
    It was a nuclear accident in the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine. It was the worst nuclear power plant accident in history. Its important because the explosion caused radiation to spread across a lot of Western Russia and Europe.
  • Tiananmen Square

    Tiananmen Square
    It was expanded in the 1950's. It is located in Beijing, China. Originally built in 1651 It is remembered for many historical events in China, including the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, making the declaration of martial law.
  • Berlin Wall is torn down

    Berlin Wall is torn down
    People tore down the Berlin wall to symbolize the freedom they had. Its significant because people could now go over to the opposite side whenever they wanted.
  • Gorbachev

    Gorbachev
    He was the last President of Soviet Union. He changed the Soviet Union and contributed to the end of the Cold war. He was also in charge when the Soviet Union began to dissolve.
  • Lech Walesa and the Solidarity Movement in Poland

    Lech Walesa and the Solidarity Movement in Poland
    Lech Walesa was the President of Poland. He was also the co-founder of the Solidarity trade union movement. He was in charge when Poland stopped with communism and became a post-communist state.
  • Yeltsin

    Yeltsin
    First president of the Russian Federation. He wanted to change the socialist command economy into a free market economy. There was economic corruption during his time.
  • End of the USSR

    End of the USSR
    The USSR ended and the country turned into Russia. Its significant because it was the end of the Cold War.
  • Putin

    Putin
    He was the president of Russia from 2000-2008 and is currently president. He made political and economic and military reoform in Russia and got them out of the crisis of the 1990's.