The Cold War

  • The use of the Atomic Bomb

    The use of the Atomic Bomb
    The atomic bomb wasn’t used during the cold war otherwise it wouldn’t be cold (no fighting or bombing). It was worldwide meaning Canada was involved even though the atomic bomb wasn’t used.
  • The Gouzenko Affair

    The Gouzenko Affair
    Gouzenko Affair was when a man named Igor Gouzenko stole secret documents from the Embassy in Ottawa on September 5th 1945. He stole them because he wanted to expose the soviet spy network in several departments and also expose the governments’ research in atomic/nuclear material. Canada was involved because it happened in Canada, effected Canadian government, and affected many people’s public opinions.
  • Formation of the United Nations

    Formation of the United Nations
    The formation of the United Nations was created to take the place of the League of Nations since they wouldn’t do anything to help WWI. The United Nations was formed to take the place of the League of Nations. Canada has been a full member of the United Nations since it was created, and has played a major role in peacekeeping than any other country.
  • NATO

    NATO is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, intergovernmental military alliance: mutual defense to any outside attacks. It was formed on the 4th of April 1949. It was signed in Washington D.C but its headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium and NATO includes 28 member states (members including Canada, U.S, Norway, Denmark, and Italy). The job of NATO is the “Keep Russians out, the Americans in, and the Germans down”.
  • The Korean War

    The Korean War
    The Korean War was when North Korea invaded South Korea. This war started on June 25th 1950 and ended on the 27th of July 1953. It occurred because of a bunch of things such as: that North Korea was communist and had alliances with Russia, and South Korea was democratic and had alliances with the U.S. It happened in the Korean Peninsula; 38th Parallel (which became the political barrier). Canada contributed as one of the biggest supporters of military personal and equipment than any other UN.
  • The Warsaw Pact

    The Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Pact was a mutual defense treaty signed on the 14th of May 1955, and lasted to July 1st 1991. It was signed by different communist states, 8 to be exact. There was no involvement in the signing of the treaty from Canada.
  • Suez Crisis

    Suez Crisis
    Suez Crisis was located in Egypt and involved Israel, United Kingdom, France, and Egypt. The Suez Crisis was a diplomatic and military confrontation between the two sides involved. There was no Canadian involvement in the Suez Crisis.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    The war was in North Vietnam involving Vietnam, Canada, and USA. The war was meant to prevent communism, it was the forces attempting to unify Vietnam under a communist government. Canadian’s in the Vietnam War went to help French make a transition between countries. They helped maintain order and supervised French colonial forces. Also they transported supplies.
  • Cancellation of the Avro Arrow

    Cancellation of the Avro Arrow
    The cancellation of the Avro Arrow was cancelled on February 20th 1959. The Avro Arrow was made in Ontario, Canada for the Royal Canadian Air Force. It was designed starting in 1953. Not long after the first test flight , the program of the Avro Arrow was stopped with much controversial
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis was located in the Caribbean Sea, Cuba and it involved USA, Turkey, Italy, Cuba, and the Soviet Union. This was the withdrawal of nuclear weapons from the countries involved. There was no Canadian Involvement in the Cuban Missile Crisis.
  • Formation of NORAD

    Formation of NORAD
    The formation of NORAD started in USA recommended by the military group and the operations that NORAD would focus on would be early warnings and defense. During post-cold war operations expanded to cover counter-drug operations. Canada has their own NORAD.
  • SALT Treaty

    SALT Treaty
    The SALT treaty is known as the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks. SALT lasted from November 1969-May 1972 and is known as the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty. It froze some of the U.S. and the Soviet-Union’s number of missile launchers, and nuclear sites. SAKT II was signed by U.S. and the Soviet-Union on June 18th 1979 in Vienna. SALT II banned things such as: new missile programs, and limited strategic launchers. SALT II was later revoked in 1986 when accusations of the Soviets breaking the pa
  • Strategic Defense Initiative

    Strategic Defense Initiative
    Strategic Defense Initiative was formed by the US president to use the ground and space based systems to protect the USA from nuclear missiles. This organization is located in the USA and there is no Canadian involvement since this organization is to specifically protect the US.
  • Breakup of the Soviet Union

    Breakup of the Soviet Union
    The breakup of the Soviet Union was in Moscow, Russia and it involved USA and the 15 republics in the Soviet Union. This made all republics become independent and it marked the end of the Cold War. There was no Canadian involvement.
  • The Berlin Wall

    The Berlin Wall
    The Berlin wall was the physical division between East and West Berlin. The East Berlin people got fed up with the wall and the restrictions that the government put on them. They were promised that the travelling restrictions would be lifted. But still on November 9th 1989 people took sludge hammers to the wall and slowly after that the wall was torn down. No Canadian involvement.