The Baroque Era (Early, Middle & Late) 1600-1730s

  • Period: 1551 to

    Giulio Caccini

    was born in 1551 and died in 1618. He is an Italian composer, singer, teacher, and instrumentalist. He was a founder of the opera, gave a description of a new singing style in his book of songs in 1602. He wrote many songs, 4 stage works.
  • Period: 1551 to

    The Early Baroque

  • Period: 1560 to

    Giovanni Gabrieli

    Was born in 1560 and died in 1612. Was an Italian composer and organist. His use of different instruments in sacred music made him very influential. He wrote 90 motets, grand concertos, instrumental music.
  • Period: 1561 to

    Jacopo Peri

    Was born in 1561 and died in 1633. Was one of the founders of the opera, claimed to be the first in 1597. He made a big contribution to monody and the recitative style. He completed 20 stage works and 30 different songs.
  • Period: 1563 to

    John Dowland

    was born in 1563 and died in 1626. He was an english/irish composer. He wrote a lot of lute music, was a catholic in the church and was also appointed a lute by one of the kings. He wrote 3 books of songs, sacred music, and songs for lute.
  • Period: 1564 to

    William Shakespeare

    Was born in 1564 and died in 1616. He was an English playwright and poet. He was THE MOST IMPORTANT FORCE in music from then and now. He wrote 39 plays, 154 sonnets, three long narrative poems, and collaborated with many people.
  • Period: 1567 to

    Claudio Monteverdi

    was born in 1567 and died 1643. He was one of THE MOST important composers of the baroque era. He was one of the inventors of the second practice. He was an Italian composer, string player, priest, choir master, made secular and sacred music he developed many operas. Transitional figure form baroque to renaissance era.
  • Period: 1570 to

    Florentine Camerata

    This was a group of people that were "humanists," musicians, poets and intellectuals in late renaissance Florence who gathered to talk about the arts. The people in this group were Caccini, Peri, Girolamo Mei, and Vincenzo Galilei. Initially they helped develop the dramatic style of the opera.
  • Period: to

    Orlando Gibbons

    was born in 1583 and died in 1625. Was an English composer of the Anglican church. He was a keyboardist and wrote many sacred and secular vocal works. Was a leading composer of the 17th century.
  • Period: to

    Girolamo Frescobaldi

    Born in 1583 and died in 1625. was and Italian composer who was the first modern keyboard virtuoso. He was very influential in his keyboard compositions and focused on instrumental music. He wrote sacred and secular works too.
  • Period: to

    Heinrich Schutz

    Was born in 1585 and died in 1672. Was the most important German composer of the middle baroque era. He studied in Venice and composed the first German opera. He wrote many madrigals, and choral works.
  • Elizabethan Era

    Also known as the golden age, during this time there was an order of daily social life where the monarch who was the highest rank ruled over nobility (second rank), gentry, merchants, yeomanry, and laborer's. All descending down a stepladder of rank. These ranks were supposedly formed by god and clots were limits to each person and each person wore something specific to tell them apart. Everything including food, jewelry, drinks, clothes were under control by the monarch.
  • Jamestown Established

    Jamestown was the US first permanent English colony. Sponsored by the Virginia company of London. People from Europe came and settled the land and the relations with native Americans were not good. They suffered some harsh times with food, disease and unfamiliar climate.
  • 30 years war

    began in 1618 when the holy roman emperor Ferdinand II attempted to modify religious activities of his people. There was a rebellion among protestants. The war involved France, Sweden, Spain, and Austria. The war ended in 1648 with the peace treaty.
  • Period: to

    Barbara Strozzi

    was born in 1619 and died in 1677. Was a virtuoso singer and most prolific composer of cantatas in the 17th century
  • Period: to

    Giovanni Legrenzi

    was an Italian composer and organist that was very influential in the middle baroque era. Wrote many arias and put them into his operas and his work was very secular and sacred.
  • Period: to

    Jean Henry D'Anglebert

    was born in 1629 and died in 1691. Was an important French composer of keyboard music. His music was influential even in Bach's pieces he took some of his ornament styles and used them in his own music. Wrote 5 organ fugues, 4 harpsichord suites, and lute pieces.
  • Cantata

    an Italian cantata was a vocal work for a soloist and basso continuo. Up until 1600, Cantatas contained simple arias, and were small scale work meant for private social gatherings. In the middle baroque the cantata became popular. They began to expand in size and could now be for one or more soloists.
  • Period: to

    Jean-Baptise Lully

    Italian/French composer, was born in 1632 and died in 1687. Was an establisher of French opera and ballet. Was a dancer and violinist and wrote 16 operas, 30+ ballets, motets, instrumental works.
  • Period: to

    Dietrich Buxtehude

    born in 1637 and died in 1707. Was a German organist and composer. Wrote 100+ sacred works, 100+ works for organ and instrumental works. Most important composer before J.S Bach.
  • Issac Newton

    Was an English mathematician and physicist and taught science. He was very smart and came up with the method of infinitesimal calculus. He has theories on light and color and the insight of laws of planetary motion. He proved laws of motion, gravity and telescopes.
  • Period: to

    The Middle Baroque

  • Period: to

    Arcangelo Corelli

    Was born in 1653 and died in 1713. Was the most important Italian composer of sonatas and concertos. He published 6 collections and was the most influential violinist of the baroque era.
  • Period: to

    Giuseppe Torelli

    Was born in 1658 and died in 1709. He was said to have contributed the most to the development of the concerto in 1700. He was named that because he wrote for trumpet, stings and other rarely written for instruments. He was a very good violinist and wrote 5 collections of chamber works (sonatas, sinfonias, and concertos.)
  • Period: to

    Henry Purcell

    Born in 1659 and died in 1695. Most important English composer in the 17th century. wrote 180 solo bass violin pieces, 67 works for 2 violins.
  • Restoration Era

    began in 1660 when king Charles II was put back to the English throne. The bishops in the parliament established an Anglican Orthodoxy. There was a revival of drama in literature during this era.
  • Period: to

    Alessandro Scarlatti

    Was born in 1660 and died in 1725. Was an important Italian composer who was also a teacher in Naples, he taught many fantastic musicians that are coming to the rise later. whenever he died it was the end of the baroque era. Wrote many operas, serenades, oratorios, arias, hundreds of cantatas, 10 masses, motets, madrigals, keyboard works, concertos, theoretical and pedagogical works.
  • Period: to

    Francois Couperin

    born in 1668 and died in 1733. Was a French composer and keyboardist and one of the mots important French composers. Wrote many stage works, serenades, oratorios, cantatas, and instrumental works.
  • Period: to

    Antonio Vivaldi

    Born in 1678 and died in 1714. Was an Italian composer, he was said to have laid out the foundations of late baroque instrumental music. He was a teacher and pioneer of orchestral music but was forgotten by his contemporaries when he died. He wrote 425 concerti grossi, 350 solo concerti, 60 ripieni concerti, 45 double concerti, sonatas, masses, psalms, motets, cantatas, oratorios, 45 operas and serenatas.
  • Period: to

    Georg Phillip Telemann

    was born in 1681 and died in 1767. Was the most prolific German composer of his day and today. Was a lot more popular than J.S Bach during the baroque period. he contributed significantly to concert life in Germany. He wrote many concertos, sonatas, quartets, quintets, keyboard works, theoretical publications, FLUTE SONATAS AND SOLOS
  • Period: to

    Georg Friedrich Handel

    Was born in 1685 and died in 1759. Was a German musician that lived in England and invented the English oratorio. Beethoven respected him above all others. He wrote 46 dramatic works, oratorios, Latin and English church music, Italian cantatas, duets, trios, concerts, suites, overtures, sonatas, and keyboard works. FLUTE SOLOS
  • Salem Witch Trials

    This started when some young girls were accused other women of witch craft and they thought that those women were possessed by the devil. They confessed and these women were hung one of the first being Bridget bishop. over 150 men, women and children were accused and executed.
  • Period: to

    Johann Joachim Quantz

    Was born in 1697 and died in 1773. Was a German composer and famous flautist. He was the flute teacher to Frederick the great in berlin. wrote 204 sonatas, 300+ concertos, duets, capriccios, vocal works,
  • Aria

    an aria is a piece for solo voice that is accompanied with other instruments. The aria of the baroque was the cornerstone of operas, cantatas, and oratorios. it can be a solo work for an ensemble of any size. many different types of arias formed around 1700.
  • Period: to

    Late Baroque