Stone Age By 0915728 Period: 270,000 BCE to 10,000 BCE Paleolithic Era In the Paleolithic era, early hominins lived in caves or simple huts and were hunters and gatherers. 260,000 BCE Homo Habilis Also known as "Handy Man," they were a very early type of hominin. They were mostly cavemen and developed more advanced stone tools. 240,000 BCE Homo Erectus Homo Erectus or "Man who stands upright" was the first hominin to control fire which they used to cook their food and keep warm. 200,000 BCE Homo Sapiens Homo Sapiens started appearing in Africa. They lived in small bands and moved around or migrated. Period: 10,000 BCE to 8000 BCE Mesolithic Era The Mesolithic Era was when early humans used small stone tools, crafted points, and attached them to wood to serve as spears and arrows. Period: 8000 BCE to 2200 BCE Neolithic Era The Neolithic Era is when early people became food producers, animals also became domesticated. It is also known as the New Stone Age.