Space Race By vwilson16 Oct 4, 1957 Sputnik 1 Sputnik 1 was the first artificial satellite to be launched into space. Period: Oct 4, 1957 to Oct 6, 2011 Space Exploration May 5, 1961 Alan B. Shepard... Proj. Mercury First U.S. citizen in space and a part of Project Mercury Oct 6, 1961 Yuri A. Gagarin Became first human in space.. Aug 6, 1962 Mariner 2 Launched to Venus. Oct 6, 1962 John Glenn... Proj. Mercury Became first U.S. citizen to orbit earth and a part of Project Mercury Oct 6, 1966 Surveyor... Proj. Gemini Landed on Moon's surface and a part of Proj. Gemini. Jun 20, 1969 Apollo 11.... Proj. Apollo Landed on moon's surface with Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin on board. Neil and Edwin were the first to step foot on the moon. Mar 6, 1972 Pioneer 10 Space probe that failed in 2003 but is still orbiting earth. Was originally sent to Jupiter Oct 6, 1972 Race ends This is the end of the Race to the Moon. Oct 6, 1977 Voyager 1 and 2 launched in 1977 and are now heading deep into space. Voyager 1 is past Jupiter and Saturn. Voyager 2 is past Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Oct 6, 1989 Galileo Galileo was launched and reached Jupiter in 1995 Oct 6, 1995 Galileo and Jupiter Galileo released a small probe on Jupiter that stayed there for 5 months. Nov 6, 1999 Io and Galileo Galileo made it to Io, one of Jupiter's moons.