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Soviet Union (Russia) and Eastern Europe (1900-Present)

  • Russian Revolution

    Russian Revolution
    This is the second Russian Revolution, it was led by the Bolshevik and they expelled liberal leadership. Their leader was Vladimir Lenin.
    -Demographic & social consequences of Political changes
  • Period: to

    Russia and Eastern Europe

  • New Economic Policy (NEP)

    New Economic Policy (NEP)
    The policy was introduced by Lenin. This promised freedom of action for small bussinesspeople and land owning peasants. Under this policy food production began to recover.
    -States responded to economic challenges in various ways
  • Lenin's Death

    Lenin's Death
    Lenin died in 1924 due to natural causes. Key lieutenants jostled for power. Including many members of the Communist party.
  • Joseph Stalin takes over

    Joseph Stalin takes over
    Stalin emerged as a leader, he represented a strong nationalist communism. He was known for his strict policy towards freedom of speech and also for the execution of his enemies.
  • Collectivization and 5 Year Plan

    Collectivization and 5 Year Plan
    Stalin wanted the new Russia to industrialize as quick as possible. He began to build large state run farms and develop economic plans that promoted the making of large facilities for metallurgy and such things.
    -States responded to economic challenges in various ways
  • Ministry of Internal Affairs

    Stalin created this office and he used it as a secret police. He used it to control suspicious people that could've overthrown him.
  • Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact

    Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact
    This pact was between the USSR and Nazi Germany. The Soviet Union used it as a way to save time to prepare for war. Germany used this as a way to expand even more.
    -International organizations of interdependency among states, communities & individuals
  • Takeover of Eastern Europe

    Takeover of Eastern Europe
    After two world wars and an economic depression, Eastern Europe was a chaos, it made them vulnerable to the Soviet Union. Rivalry weakned the nations. The soviet union came in and liberated them, expelled non communist regimes and replaced them with communist regimes under their watch.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    After the creation of NATO. The Soviet Union created the Warsaw Pact, this was created as a common economic planning organization. This placed soviet troops in countries to monitor new regimes and confront the west.
    -International organizations of interdependency among states, communities & individuals
  • Nikita Khrushchev

    Nikita Khrushchev
    A new leader rose to power this year, this was Nikita Krushchev. He attaked Stalin's view of communism and his narrow knowledge on Marxism. He did not like his censoring and his dictarorship.
    -People conceptualized society & culture in new ways; some challenged old assumptions about
  • Revolt of 1956 (Hungary)

    Revolt of 1956 (Hungary)
    Liberal communist arose with massive backing in Poland and Hungary. They wanted more freedom. Only the Hungary revolts were cruelly crushed by soviet troops.
    -International organizations of interdependency among states, communities & individuals
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik was the first satellite to be sent into space. This was part of the cold war. This is part of the new communication & transportation in the concept for new technologies. Nikita Khrushchev was behind this.
  • Berlin Wall erected

    Berlin Wall erected
    The Berlin Wall was built to stop East Germany workers from leaving to the west. The workers were not happy with the treatment and restriction.
    -International organizations of interdependency among states, communities & individuals
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Soviets installed missiles in Cuba, this was under the leadership of Nikita Khrushchev. The United States saw this a threat to destroy America and ordered them to remove them.
  • Czecholsovakia Revolt

    Czecholsovakia Revolt
    This was led by Alexander Dubcek, he was educated in the Soviet Union. He present it his case to the Soviets but was not taking seriously. The revolt was put down and the people behind it were expelled from the country.
    -International organizations of interdependency among states, communities & individuals
  • Uprising in Poland

    Uprising in Poland
    Solidarity was the movement in poland by devoted catholics. They were allowed to have a new government with religion and independent labor but still under Soviet supervision.
    -International organizations of interdependency among states, communities & individuals
  • Invasion of Afghanistan

    Invasion of Afghanistan
    The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan to promote a friendly puppet regime. The troops were removed from Afghanistan after Gorbachev took over.
  • Gorbachev to power

    Gorbachev to power
    Under his rule, he promoted glasnot which is new freddom of comment and critize and also perestroika which means to decentralize control of the industry by the government.
    -States responded to economic challenges in various ways & International organizations of interdependency among states, communities & individuals
  • Liberation Movement

    The new policies in the Soviet Union led to the liberation of the Eastern European countries. They adopted new regimes, most countries starting with Hungary adopted new non-communist leaders and new constitutions too.
  • Soviet Union Collapses

    Soviet Union Collapses
    There was attakcs on the Communist party. Independence movements rose all over the Soviet Union from the Baltics to the Central Asia. In the end the Soviet Union dissolved into many new nations.
  • Yeltsin & New Constitution

    Yeltsin & New Constitution
    Boris Yeltsin was elected president of the Russian Federation. In 1993 Yeltsin attacked the parliament due to the opposing former communist people in the government and he cames out victorious and another constitution was made.