Schools of Literary Thought Timeline

  • 221

    The compass

    With the creation of the compass it has been told that the compass was first made in China during the Qin dynasty (221-206 B.C.)
  • Jan 1, 900


    The Chinese had invented gunpowder in the 9th century before firearms for decorative purposes like fireworks.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1300 to Dec 31, 1500

    Late Middle Ages

    The Late Middle ages began with the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. It held many events like the great famine and black death.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1340 to Oct 25, 1400

    Geoffrey Chaucer

    Geoffrey chaucher was a philospher, author, alchemist, astronemer and a famous poet in the middle ages. He is famous for his works like the book of duchess and the house of fame.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1395 to Feb 3, 1468

    Johannes Gutenburg

    Johannes was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who made the print press and introduced printing to Europe
  • Jan 1, 1400


    Firearms were invented sometime in the 14th century in China and then it spread to the middle east and Europe for battle offensive purposes.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1400 to

    The Renaissance

    The Renaissance started in Italy and quickly spread throughout europe. It was the time paper and metal came in use.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1480 to Apr 27, 1521

    Ferdinand Magellan

    Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer. He was in the first expedition to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean.
  • Period: Nov 10, 1483 to Feb 18, 1546

    Martin Luther

    Martin was a German monk, former Catholic priest, professor of theology and impotant figure of a reform movement in sixteenth century Christianity known as the Protestant Reformation.
  • Jan 1, 1490

    The Canterbury Tales

    The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer at the end of the 14th century.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1514 to Nov 24, 1572

    John Knox

    John Knox was a Scottish clergyman and a leader of the Protestant Reformation who brought reformation to the church in Scotland. One of his famous works was The First Blast of The Trumpet.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1519 to Dec 31, 1522

    First man to circumnavigate the globe

    . Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) a Portuguese explorer was the first man to take a trip around the world. His journey around the globe started in 1519 to 1522. His expedition was also the first to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1554 to

    Sir Francis Raleigh

    Francis Raleigh was an English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy, and explorer. He is well known for popularising tobacco in England.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1558 to

    The Elizabethan Era

    The time Queen Elizabeth the first ruled Enland.
  • Period: Jan 22, 1561 to

    Francis Bacon

    Francis Bacon was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, and author. one of his works is Andrew Brighton.
  • Period: Feb 15, 1564 to

    Galileo Galilei

    Galileo was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. He is also known for making a huge impovement on the telescope.
  • Period: Feb 26, 1564 to

    Christophe Marlow

    Christophe Marlow an English playwright, poet and translator of the Elizabethan era. Well known for making interesting protagonists.
  • Period: Apr 26, 1564 to

    William Shakespere

    Willaim shakespeare is a famous english poet and play wright. He is regarded the greatest wrighter in the english language. His most famous plays include Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet and many more
  • Jan 1, 1571

    The Reformation

    The Reformation was the time of protestanism a religion of the branch of christianity which was led by Martin Luther.
  • Period: Jun 19, 1572 to

    John Donne

    was an English poet, satirist, lawyer and a cleric in the Church of England. One of his most famous works is No Man Is An Island.
  • Period: to

    George Herbert

    George Herbet was a english poet, orator and an Anglican Priest. Some of his religious poems are Heaven, Aaran and the call.
  • Doctor Faustus

    Doctor Faustus is a play published in 1604 by Christopher Marlow however it was first performed in 1592.
  • Macbeth

    Macbeth is a play written by William Shakespeare. It was believed to be written at some time in 1606.
  • Period: to

    John Milton

    John was an english poet, polemicist, and a civil servant for the Commonwealth of England, best known for his poem Paradise Lost.
  • Let me not to the marriage of true minds

    Let me not to the marriage of true minds was one of Shakespeare’s many sonnets published some time in 1609.
  • Period: to

    Andrew Marvel

    Andrew Marvell was an English metaphysical poet and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1659 and 1678.
  • A valedictation: forbidding mourning

    A valedictation: forbidding mourning, a poem was first published in 1633 by John Donne.
  • To his Coy Mistress

    To his Coy Mistress is a poem Andrew marvel had written in the sometime around the early 1650.
  • The Earth revolving around the Sun

    Sometime in 1687 Isaac Newton proved that the earth revolves around the sun with his law of gravitation.
  • Period: to

    The Enlightenment

    The time everyone started to believe in jesus and god.
  • Period: to

    William Blake

    William was an English poet, painter, and printmaker. Poems include “A dream”, “A little boy lost”, “A little girl lost” and many more.
  • Period: to

    The American War of Independence

    The American War of Independence involved several countries, with France and Britain on opposing sides, and North America was one of its many theatres of operations.
  • Period: to

    Jane Austin

    Jane Austen was an English author who wrote books in the romantic genre. She is famous for her book Pride and Prejudice.
  • Period: to

    French Revolution

    The French Revolution war started because people wanted Liberty, Equality & Fraternity. The three most significant people of the French revolution are Napoleon Bonaparte, Edmund Burke and Louis XVI of France.
  • Captain Arthur Philip arrives in Australia

    In 1778 Arthur Phillip arrived on botany bay along with the first fleet on the 18th of January. Botany bay was unsuitable for settlement so they went up the coast and arrived at Sydney on the 25th of January now known as Australia day.
  • Songs of Innocence

    Songs of Innocence is a collection of poems published by William Blake.
  • Songs of Experience

    Songs of Experience was written by William Blake and it was published some time in 1793.
  • Tyger Tyger

    Tyger Tyger or The Tyger was written by william blake some time in 1794.
  • Period: to

    Age of reason

    The time religion and the belief of the Bible was introduced.
  • Period: to


    Romanticisim was the age of arts, music, literature and scientific rationalisation of nature
  • Period: to

    Alexandre Dumas

    Alexandre Dumas a French novelist known for writing books full of adventure like The Three Musketeers.
  • Period: to

    The Victorian Era

    The time The first queen Victoria ruled.
  • Period: to

    William Makepeace Thackeray

    William Makepeace Thackeray was an English author who was famous for his satirical works like particularly Vanity Fair.
  • Period: to

    Charles Dickens

    Charles Dickens was an English writer and social critic. He is very famous for his book “bleak house” that was published in 1853.
  • Pride and Prejudice

    Pride and Prejudice is the most famous book written by Jane Austin that was first published some time in 1813.
  • Period: to

    Charlotte Bronte (real name) AKA Currer Bell

    Charlotte Bronte was an English novelist and poet famous for the book she wrote called Jane Eyre. She also was the sister of Emily Bronte an author.
  • Period: to

    Emily Bronte (real name) AKA Ellis Bell

    Emily Bronte, the sister of charlotte bronte was an author and a poet. She is famous for her book Wuthering heights.
  • Period: to

    George Eliot AKA Mary Anne Evans (real name)

    Mary Anne Evans was author, journalist and a translator. Some of her books include “Adam Bede”, The Mill on the Floss, Silas Marner (1861), Middlemarch and Daniel Deronda. on her books the author appeared to be George Eliot because female writers werent taken seriously.
  • Frankenstein

    Frankenstein is a novel written by Mary Shelley.
  • Period: to

    Leo Tolstoy

    Leo Tolstoy was a Russian writer of novels, plays and essays. His most famous works include “Anna Karenina” and “War and Peace”.
  • Period: to

    Louisa May Alcott

    Louisa May Alcott was an American Author well known for her book Little Women and its sequels Little Men and Jo's Boys.
  • Factory acts

    In England various Factory Acts were passed In 1833 to improve conditions for children working in factories. The rules were no children below the age 9 were to work, 9-13 years old work for 9 hours a day and 13 to 18 years old work for 13 hours a day.
  • Period: to

    Mark Twain AKA Samuel Langhorne Clemens(real name)

    Samuel Langhorne Clemens is an author of comedy and serious fiction. His fame came after releasing “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” and the sequel “Adventures of huckleberry fin.
  • Period: to

    Thomas hardy

    Thomas hardy was an English novelist and poet. He gained fame from many of his books. One of his well known book is “Far from the Madding crowd”.
  • The Count of Monte Cristo

    The Count of Monte Cristo is a book written my Alexandre Dumas. It was published some between march and june in 1884.
  • The Three Musketeers

    The Three Musketeers is one of many books written by Alexandre Dumas. It was published in 1844 along with the Count of Monte Cristo.
  • Jane Eyre

    Jane Eyre is a novel written by English writer Charlotte Bronte AKA Currer Bell.
  • Wuthering Heights

    Wuthering Heights was written by Emily Bronte which was published sometime in december in 1847
  • David Copperfield

    David Copperfield written by English Charles dickens was a book published in 1850.
  • Period: to

    Robert Louis Stevenson

    Robert was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, and travel writer. His most famous works are Treasure Island, Kidnapped, and Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.
  • compulsory education- America

  • Period: to

    Oscar Wilde

    Oscar Wilde was an Irish writer and poet. Some of his famous works include “Salome”, “The Selfish Giant and “An ideal husband”.
  • Male Universal Suffrage-Australia

    All british men got to vote in 1856 however aboriginal men/women only got to vote in 1967 27th of may.
  • Male universal suffrage-America

    In America Caucasian men got the vote in 1856 however people that were not white only got the vote in 1870.
  • Period: to

    George Bernard Shaw

    George Bernard Shaw was a Irish play writer who Co-founded the London school of economics. His very popular plays are “man and superman” and “saint Joan”.
  • Period: to

    Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

    Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was a Scottish physician and crime fiction writer who was most popular for his book series Sherlock Holmes.
  • The Mill on the Flos

    The Mill on the Floss is a novel by George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans), first published in three volumes some time in 1860.
  • Period: to

    The American Civil War

    The American Civil War started in 1861 and ended in 1865. The southern parts of America (slaves/confederacy) led by Lincoln fought against the North of America (union) for freedom.
  • Male universal suffrage-England

  • Period: to

    Little Women

    Little Women is a novel by Louisa May Alcott. It was published in two volumes. one in 1868 and the other 1869 however the date is unclear.
  • war and peace

    War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy was published around1869
  • Period: to

    Lucy Maud Montgomery

    LM Montgomery was a Canadian author best known for a series of novels beginning with Anne of Green Gables, published in 1908.
  • Male universal suffrage-New Zealand

    All men could vote regardless of their ethnic background.
  • Compulsory education- Australia and England

  • Period: to

    James Joyce

    James Joyce was an Irish novelist and poet that is best known for his book Ulysses.
  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Fin

    The Adventures of Huckleberry Fin is the sequel to the book The Adventures of Tom by Sawyer Mark Twain. It was published in 1884 for England and 1885 for the USA how every the month and date for its publishment is unkown
  • Automobile

    Although its unclear when Carl Benz (America) made the automobile people have found it was made In 1885 or 1856.
  • Kidnapped

    Kidnapped is a novel written by Robert Louis Stevenson. It was published in a magazine from May to June in 1886.
  • Period: to

    Thomas Stearns Eliot

    TS Eliot was a publisher, playwright, literary and social critic and "arguably the most important English-language poet of the 20th century.
  • Tess of the D’Urbervilles

    Tess of the D’Urbervilles is a novel by Thomas Hardy, first published sometime in 1891.
  • women get the vote-New Zealand

    All mauri and non mauri women got to vote.
  • Period: to


    Culture dramticaly changing in relation to modern art.
  • Period: to

    The Hound of the Baskervilles

    The Hound of the Baskervilles is a book by Arthur Conan Doyle. It was put throughout a magazine from April 1901 and August 1902.
  • Women get the vote-Australia

    All women could vote in the year 1902 however the indigenous people had to wait till the 27th of may 1967.
  • Period: to

    World war 1

    Austria-Hungary initiated World War I by declaring war on Serbia in July 1914 because of the assassination of the Austrian-Hungarian Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand by the Black Hand Gang (freedom fighters).
  • The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock

    The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock is a poem by Thomas stearns Elliott that was published in 1915 between July and August.
  • Women get the vote-England

    In 1918 The United Kingdom gives a full vote to women of age 30 and older.
  • Women get the vote-America

    American women from all backgrounds get to vote.
  • The Sniper

    The Sniper is a short story written by Irish writer Liam O'Flaherty. It was published in the 12th of January 1923.
  • Social realism

    The Time painters, photographers, printers, film makers and movies were a big part of life.
  • Period: to

    World War 2

    World War Two began in September 1939 when Britain and France declared war on Germany for the invasion of Poland.
  • Terry Prachett

    Terry is an English author of fantasy novels, especially comical works. One of his famous books is The Colour of Magic.
  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

    The United States feared that Vietnam would be taken over by communists, so they sent troops there to fight Viet-Kong to stop the spread of communism.
  • Postmodernism

    the time culture, literature, art, philosophy, economics, architecture, fiction, and literary criticism was big. It was also the time of finding out why people had nervous breakdowns.
  • Man first walks on the moon

    On July 20, 1969 Neil Armstrong became the first man to land on the moon. He went to the moon on the spaceship Apollo 11 along with Buzz Aldrin.
  • The mobile Phone

    The first hand-held mobile phone was created and demonstrated by John F. Mitchell and Dr Martin Cooper of Motorola in 1973.
  • Period: to

    1st Gulf War

    The 1st Gulf War started when Iraq’s invaded of Kuwait for their oil.
  • Prashant Sharma

    Prashant Sharma is an Australian citizen that lives in a small town in NSW called Wagga Wagga. He is an average school student that hasnt written or invent anything known... yet.
  • Period: to

    2nd Gulf war

    The 2nd Gulf war started when the Americans got angry because of Iraq invading Kuwait for their oil. The Americans joined in and help fight off the Iranians and defend Kuwait.