Russia In The 20th Century

Timeline created by Nowhere Man
In History
  • The RSDLP Split Into Two Factions, The Bolsheviks, and the Mensheviks

    The RSDLP Split Into Two Factions, The Bolsheviks, and the Mensheviks
    The Bolsheviks forming is very important because the man leading them helps change Russia forever. The Bolshevik leader is named Vladamir Lenin.
  • The Russian Revolution Of 1905

    The Russian Revolution Of 1905
    It was a wave of political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire. The revolutionaries were stopped, and it resulted in the October Manifesto.
  • Nicholas Signed The October Manifesto

    Nicholas Signed The October Manifesto
    The manifesto addressed the unrest in Russia, and pledged to grant civil liberties to the people.
  • World War One Begins

    World War One Begins
    Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, as a result Russia mobilized it's army to defend Serbia. Germany declared war on Russia in defence of Austria-Hungary.
  • February Revolution

    February Revolution
    This was the first of two revolutions in Russia in 1917. It centered around the capital of Petrograd. Resulting immediatly, was Tsar Nicholas II's abdication of the throne.
  • Nicholas Abdicated The Throne

    Nicholas Abdicated The Throne
    Nicholas abdicated the throne. This ended the monarchy in Russia forever. This created a Russian Provisional Government. It began with dual power, between it and the Soviets.
  • Soviet Russia

    Soviet Russia
    The Soviet regime, governed by the Bolshviks, came to power.
  • Russian Civil War

    Russian Civil War
    This was a multi party war occuring within the former Russian Empire after the Russian Provisional Government collapsed to the Soviets. Most of the fighting was between the Bolshvik Red Army and the forces of the White Army. This war resulted in Bolshevik victory in Russia, Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbajin, and Kazahkstan. The Bolshevik's were defated in Finland, Poland, and the Baltic states. Lastly, communism took over in Mongolia.
  • The Declaration And Treaty Of The Creation Of The USSR Were Ratified

    The Declaration And Treaty Of The Creation Of The USSR Were Ratified
    Loss of independence of Russia. The declaration is a document that legalized the union of several Soviet republics in the form of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
  • Lenin Died

    Lenin Died
    Communist icon Vladamir Lenin died, allowing Joseph Stalin to rise to power.
  • First Five Year Plan

    First Five Year Plan
    Stalin announced the beginning of state industrialisation of the Soviet economy.
  • The Gulag Was Officially Established

    The Gulag Was Officially Established
    The Gulag was a forced labour camp, there were many in the Soviet Union, but the largest ones existed in areas with the most extreme geographical and climatical regions of the country.
  • Holodomor (Started in 1932)

    Holodomor (Started in 1932)
    As a result of the Holodomor, the police were instructed to prevent Ukrainian peasents from leaving their homes in search of food.
  • Moscow Trials

    Moscow Trials
    A series of show trials, designed by Stalin to prosecute the Old Bolsheviks and the leadership of the secret police. Their purpose was to destroy any political opposition to Stalin by charging defendants with conspiring with the West to assinate Stalin.
  • The Stalin Constitution is adopted.

    The Stalin Constitution is adopted.
    The 1936 Soviet Constitution guarunteed direct universal suffrage and economic and social rights not given in Western democracy. Now it is recognized as a propaganda piece. However, in later years, protesters used the constitution as the foundation of their dissent.
  • The Great Purge: NKVD Orders

    The Great Purge: NKVD Orders
    A series of NKVD orders establish quotas for the execution and enslavement of anti-soviet elements, classify all Polish-nationalists as enemies of the state, and made it possible to put relativesof accused traitors in labour camps.
  • Katyn Massacre

    Katyn Massacre
    The Red Army executes around 22, 000 Polish Nationals, mainly soldiers. When Nazi soldiers discovered the mass graves in 1941, the Allies blamed the Germans for the massacre because the Soviet Union was on their side.
  • Soviet Victory in Europe Day

    Soviet Victory in Europe Day
    The Allies official accept the unconditional surrender of German forces. The end of the war and the alliance between the Soviet Union and the United States started the Cold War and resulted in the division of Germany.
  • Joe 1

    Joe 1
    Soviet atomic bomb project finishes with the successful detenation of RDS-1, called Joe 1 by the Americans. This marks when the Soviets caught up with the Americans in the Nuclear Arms Race. After this, the Soviets concentrated on making bigger nuclear weapons, increasing their stockpile to compete with the Americans.
  • Stalin dies.

    Stalin dies.
    With Stalin's death, many Soviet satellite states thought they might have a chance to exist free from Russia's influence and control. However, even after his death, he continued to influence the Soviet Union. Khruschev would criticize Stalin, but only to gain support - he continued to use the secret police and have Russia make decisions for satellite states.
  • 1953 East German Uprising

    1953 East German Uprising
    One hundred thousand gather in the streets to protest increase in work quotas. They demand the resignation of the East German government. The protests are squashed when Soviet tanks fired on the crowds.
  • Belgrade Declaration

    Belgrade Declaration
    Yugoslavian leader, Tito, and Russian, Krushchev, signed agreement that stated that satellite states of the Soviet Union would have equal power with Russia and that other socialist countries could interpret "marxism" differently, Relations between the countries would deteriorate again after the Hungarian Revolution.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    This was signed by Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania and the Soviet Union. The Red Army could operate out of member states and created a unified military command.
  • 1956 Hungarian Revolution

    1956 Hungarian Revolution
    Students and workers march in the streets to protest continued Russian control of their country. Following the Soviet Invasion of Hungary, a pro-soviet leader, Janos Kadar, is declared leader of a "Revolutionary Worker-Peasant Government".
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, is launched into its orbit around the Earth. The Soviets used the world's first Intercontinental Ballistic Missile to launch the satellite, which increased US fears of nuclear missile attack from the Soviet Union, adding more fuel to the Nuclear Arms and Space Race.
  • The building of the berlin wall

    The building of the berlin wall
    Berlin wall was built to seperate west and east germany.
  • First Man in Space

    First Man in Space
    Yuri Gagarin completes the first orbit of the Earth in a Vostok spacecraft. He is the first human in outerspace.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis ends with the Soviet Union removing all missiles from Cuba. The Soviets had placed nuclear missiles in Cuba, pointing at the US. Over the past decade the US had placed nuclear weapons in Japan and Turkey pointing at the Soviet Union. The US blockaded the island, before Khruschev agreed to remove nuclear arms from Cuba.
  • Luna 10

    Luna 10
    The soviet's Luna 10 becomes the first satelite to orbit the moon, another step in the space race.
  • Sino-Soviet split

    Sino-Soviet split
    Tensions between China and the Soviet Union had been rising over the years, in 1969 Chinese and Soviet soldiers clashed at the border.
  • Russian invasion of Afghanistan

    Russian invasion of Afghanistan
    The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan and killed president Hazifullah Amin who was hoping to ignore muslim traditions in order to give Afghanistan a more western slant. After he was killed he was replaced by a new leader named Babrak Kamal. The Russians gave this leader military support to help keep him in power.
  • Mikkhail Gorbavech

     Mikkhail Gorbavech
    Mikkhail Gorbavech, soviets last leader rose to power while the Soviet Union was in a rough state, he decided to give the people freedom of speech this caused people to start speaking out publicly and blaming him for Soviet's economical problems.
  • Chernobyl

    A nuclear reactor was destroyed in an accident killing hundreds of people, many through radiation poisoning. The cause was a bad reactor design and untrained personell. Many people had to relocate as a result.
  • The Fall of the Soviet Union

    The Fall of the Soviet Union
    The Soviet Union falls and the cold war is ended. This is due to political uproar, financial problems and tons of other issues combined.
  • The Fall of the Berlin Wall

    The Fall of the Berlin Wall
    The Berlin wall was torn down, and east and west Germany were reunited.